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Cities of the ancient Near East

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Title: Cities of the ancient Near East  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Uruk, Mitanni, Sumerian King List, Akkadian Empire, Urreligion
Collection: Ancient Cities, Ancient Cities of the Middle East, Ancient Near East, City-States
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Cities of the ancient Near East

The largest cities in the Bronze Age ancient Near East housed several tens of thousands. Memphis in the Early Bronze Age with some 30,000 inhabitants was the largest city of the time by far. Ur in the Middle Bronze Age is estimated to have had some 65,000 inhabitants; Babylon in the Late Bronze Age similarly had a population of some 50–60,000, while Niniveh had some 20–30,000, reaching 100,000 only in the Iron Age (ca. 700 BC).

The KI determinative was the Sumerian term for a city or city state.[1] In Akkadian and Hittite orthography, URU𒌷 became a determinative sign denoting a city, or combined with KUR𒆳 "land" the kingdom or territory controlled by a city, e.g. 𒄡𒆳𒌷𒄩𒀜𒌅𒊭 LUGAL KUR URUHa-at-ti "the king of the country of (the city of) Hatti".


  • Mesopotamia 1
    • Lower Mesopotamia 1.1
    • Upper Mesopotamia 1.2
  • Zagros and Elam 2
  • Anatolia 3
  • The Levant 4
  • Arabian Peninsula 5
  • Kerma (Doukki Gel) 6
  • Horn of Africa 7
  • Egypt 8
  • Nomes 9
    • Lower Egypt 9.1
    • Upper Egypt 9.2
  • Lower Egypt (The Nile Delta) 10
  • Middle Egypt 11
  • Upper Egypt 12
    • Northern Upper Egypt 12.1
    • Southern Upper Egypt 12.2
  • Lower Nubia 13
  • Upper Nubia 14
  • The Oases and Mediterranean coast 15
  • Sinai 16
  • Eastern Desert 17
  • Citations 18
  • References 19
  • See also 20
  • External links 21
  • References 22


Lower Mesopotamia

Map of Syria in the second millennium BC

(ordered from north to south)

Upper Mesopotamia

(ordered from north to south)

Zagros and Elam

(ordered from north to south)


Settlements of Bronze Age Anatolia, based on Hittite records.
(ordered from north to south)

The Levant

(all ordered alphabetically)

Arabian Peninsula

The Arabian Peninsula and the Horn of Africa, separated by just a few miles of the Red Sea, have a history of related settlements, especially near the coast.

Kerma (Doukki Gel)

Horn of Africa


This is a list of ancient Egyptian sites, throughout all of Egypt and Nubia. Sites are listed by their classical name whenever possible, if not by their modern name, and lastly with their ancient name if no other is available.


The nomes of Ancient Egypt, in lower Egypt
The nomes of Ancient Egypt, in upper Egypt

A nome is a subnational administrative division of Ancient Egypt.

Lower Egypt

Upper Egypt

  • Nome 1: Land of the arch or To Khentit: the frontier (Ta-Seti)
  • Nome 2: Throne of Horus
  • Nome 3: The rural (Shrine)
  • Nome 4: The sceptre
  • Nome 5: The two falcons
  • Nome 6: The crocodile
  • Nome 7: Sistrum
  • Nome 8: Great lands
  • Nome 9: Minu (Min)
  • Nome 10: Cobra
  • Nome 11: The Set animal (Seth)
  • Nome 12: Viper mountain
  • Nome 13: Upper pomegranate tree (Upper Sycamore and Viper)
  • Nome 14: Lower pomegranate tree (Lower Sycamore and Viper)
  • Nome 15: Hare
  • Nome 16: Oryx
  • Nome 17: The black dog (Jackal)
  • Nome 18: Falcon with spread wings (Nemty)
  • Nome 19: The pure sceptre (Two Sceptres)
  • Nome 20: Upper laurel (Southern Sycamore)
  • Nome 21: Lower laurel (Northern Sycamore)
  • Nome 22: Knife

Lower Egypt (The Nile Delta)

Middle Egypt

The area from about Al Fayyum to Asyut is usually referred to as Middle Egypt.

Upper Egypt

Northern Upper Egypt

Southern Upper Egypt

Lower Nubia

Map of Nubia

Upper Nubia

The Oases and Mediterranean coast


Eastern Desert


  1. ^ Electronic Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary (EPSD)
  2. ^ The British Museum, Amara West: investigating life in an Egyptian town


See also

External links

  • Geospatial: Mapping Iraq's Ancient Cities


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