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Civil union in the Czech Republic

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Title: Civil union in the Czech Republic  
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Subject: Civil Partnership Act 2004
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Civil union in the Czech Republic

Legal recognition of
same-sex relationships


Not yet in effect

  1. Valid in all 31 states
  2. No statewide law governs same-sex marriage; counties issue under their own volition or court order
  3. If performed in the Netherlands
  4. For succession purposes; if perfomed in the United Kingdom
LGBT portal

The Czech Republic offers registered partnerships (registrované partnerství) for same-sex couples. Registered partnerships grant several rights of marriage, including, inheritance, hospital, spousal privilege, and alimony rights, but do not allow joint adoption, widow's pension, or joint property rights. The registered partnership law was passed in March 2006 and went into effect on July 1, 2006.[1][2] The country also grants unregistered cohabitation status to "persons living in a common household" that gives couples inheritance and succession rights in housing.[3]


There had been several attempts to allow same-sex registered partnerships. In 1998, a registered partnership bill reached the chamber, but failed by two votes.[4] In 1999, the chamber voted against another bill.[5][6] In February 2001, the Government presented third bill, which was rejected by parliament in October 2001.[7][8][9]

On 11 February 2005, another bill failed by one vote. It was backed by 82 out of the 165 deputies present - most voting Social Democrats, Communists, the Freedom Union members and some deputies for the opposition Civic Democratic Party (ODS).[10]

In April 2005, a new partnership bill passed its first reading in the chamber with 82 votes for and 9 against. On 16 December 2005, it passed its third reading with 86 votes for, 54 against, and 7 MPs not voting.[11] On 26 January 2006, it was passed by the Senate (65 for, 14 against).[12][13]

On February 16, 2006, President Václav Klaus vetoed the bill.[14][15][16] In response, the Prime Minister Jiří Paroubek said that he would seek a parliamentary majority (101 votes) in the lower chamber to override the veto and did so successfully on March 15, 2006 with the exact number of votes needed (101) out of 177 votes cast.[17][18][19][20] The bill became one of topics where political parties tried to position themselves before the June election. Opinion polls suggest that over 60 percent of Czechs support same-sex marriage or civil unions.


By the end of 2010, 1,111 registered partnerships had been conducted in the Czech Republic, 66 of which have been since annulled.[21]

In the 2011 census, 2055 people reported being in a registered partnership.[22]

See also


External links

  • Gay marriage bill likely to win approval
  • Gay partnership law likely
  • Czech Gov`t Delays Gay Partner Bill
  • Same-sex unions: Is the Czech Republic ready for gay marriage?
  • Gay and Lesbian League in Prague uses light-hearted comics to portray life without registered partnerships
  • Registered partners bill likely to fall
  • Czech President May Not Sign Gay Partnership Bill
  • Social Democrats divided ahead of key vote on gay marriage
  • Row over same sex partnership bill
  • Partnerships: True test of the 'progressives'
  • First homosexual couples strike registered partnership
  • 582 same-sex couples registered partnerships within 2 years
  • Gay marriages on the rise
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