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# Classification theorem

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 Title: Classification theorem Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia Language: English Subject: Collection: Mathematical Theorems Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia Publication Date:

### Classification theorem

In mathematics, a classification theorem answers the classification problem "What are the objects of a given type, up to some equivalence?". It gives a non-redundant enumeration: each object is equivalent to exactly one class.

A few related issues to classification are the following.

• The equivalence problem is "given two objects, determine if they are equivalent".
• A complete set of invariants, together with which invariants are realizable, solves the classification problem, and is often a step in solving it.
• A computable complete set of invariants (together with which invariants are realizable) solves both the classification problem and the equivalence problem.
• A canonical form solves the classification problem, and is more data: it not only classifies every class, but gives a distinguished (canonical) element of each class.

There exist many classification theorems in mathematics, as described below.

## Contents

• Geometry 1
• Algebra 2
• Linear algebra 3
• Complex analysis 4

## Complex analysis

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