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Clichy-sous-Bois

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Title: Clichy-sous-Bois  
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Subject: 2005 French riots, Livry-Gargan, Montfermeil, 2005, Michaël Ciani
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Clichy-sous-Bois

Clichy-sous-Bois
The town hall of Clichy-sous-Bois
The town hall of Clichy-sous-Bois
Coat of arms of Clichy-sous-Bois
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring départements
Paris and inner ring départements
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Seine-Saint-Denis
Arrondissement Le Raincy
Canton Le Raincy
Intercommunality Clichy-sous-Bois – Montfermeil
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2007) Olivier Klein
Area1 3.95 km2 (1.53 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 29,750
 • Density 7,500/km2 (20,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 93014 / 93390
Elevation 66–121 m (217–397 ft)
(avg. 98 m or 322 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Clichy-sous-Bois (French pronunciation: ​; is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. The vast majority of its population is made up of African heritage, and the BBC described it as one of France's "most notorious" immigrant banlieues (suburbs).[1] It is in this city that the 2005 riots started. Clichy-sous-Bois is not served by any motorway or major road and no railway and therefore remains one of the most isolated of the inner suburbs of Paris.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
    • Heraldry 2.1
  • Crime and civil unrest 3
  • Demographics 4
    • Immigration 4.1
  • Transport 5
  • Economy 6
  • Government and infrastructure 7
  • Politics 8
  • Education 9
  • Personalities linked to the commune 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

Geography

The commune has an area of 3.95 km2 (1.53 sq mi) with 1.1 km2 (0.42 sq mi) of woods. The woods are remnants of the Bondy wood (Forêt Départementale de Bondy, Parc de la Fosse Maussoin, Parc de la Mairie).

The commune is 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from central Paris.[2]

History

The name of Clichy-sous-Bois comes from Roman Cleppius, seventh century Clippiacum superius, twelfth century Clichiacum.

Flint tools from the Neolithic have been found here. Clichy en Aulnois belonged to the lords of Livry in the early Middle Ages. Subject to the Knights Templar in the 13th century, Clichy subsequently passed into possession of the Knights Hospitaller order. Up to the 16th century, it was a hunting resort of the French kings. In the 18th century, it belonged to the Duc d'Orléans. In 1820, the village had about 150 inhabitants.

On 20 May 1869, a part of the territory of Clichy-sous-Bois was detached and merged with a part of the territory of Livry-Gargan and a small part of the territory of Gagny to create the commune of Le Raincy.

In 1870, Clichy was affected by the Franco-Prussian war.

Heraldry

Arms of Clichy-sous-Bois
The arms of Clichy-sous-Bois are blazoned :
Per pale vert and argent, a cinqfoil counterchanged, and on a chief gules a latin cross voided between two bunches of grapes slipped and leaved argent.



Crime and civil unrest

This city has many dangerous neighborhoods.

Clichy-sous-Bois has a high unemployment rate compared to the rest of the country, about 20% and 40% of the people under 25 years old (source : INSEE). The suburban riots of October 2005 originated in Clichy-sous-Bois after the death of two young boys who had been escaping a police control. Then the riots spread to other communes of the department, and then to virtually every major urban area in France.

Demographics

Immigration

Transport

Clichy-sous-Bois is not served by any station of the Paris Métro, RER, or suburban rail network. The closest station to Clichy-sous-Bois is Le Raincy – Villemomble – Montfermeil station on Paris RER line E[1]. This station is located in the neighboring commune of Le Raincy, 3.2 km (2.0 mi) from the town center of Clichy-sous-Bois. The only direct transport in and out of Clichy-sous-bois is by bus (for example the 601AB bus if you are coming from "Villemonble-Montfermeil-Le Raincy" station).

Due to the lack of the rail link, the time on public transport to the city centre is 1.5 hours.[2]

Economy

As of 2007 the unemployment rate was around 20%. It was close to 50% in the housing estates defined by The Economist as "the worst."[2]

Government and infrastructure

As of 2007 there is no police station in Clichy. As of 2007 there was a plan to establish one in 2010.[2]

Politics

In 2007 the voting turnout for the presidential election in Clichy was 82%. The voter registration had increased by less than 20%.[2]

Education

As of 2007 the lycée in Clichy has 1,100 students. It has an agreement with the Institut d'études politiques de Paris (Sciences-Po) which allows applicants from the school to gain entrance to the university without taking the entrance examination. As of 2007 three students from the lycée had been admitted.[2]

Personalities linked to the commune

  • Marcel and Albert Uderzo Uderzo, designers.
  • Roberto Alagna, tenor.
  • Moussa Cisse, four-time champion of France of taekwondo.
  • Mamadou Samassa, footballer.
  • Bomberman, rapper.
  • Shone Holocost, rapper.
  • Homdjyls, rapper.

See also

References

  • INSEE
  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c d e f "France's suburbs: Two years on." The Economist. 8 November 2007. Retrieved on 3 March 2014.

External links

  • (French) Official website
  • aerial photos
  • pictures of clichy sous bois :[2]
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