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Climate of Gibraltar

 

Climate of Gibraltar

The climate of Gibraltar is Mediterranean/Subtropical with mild winters and warm summers. There are two main prevailing winds, an easterly one known as the Levante coming from the Sahara in Africa which brings humid weather and warmer sea currents and the other as Poniente which is westerly and brings fresher air and colder sea. Its terrain consists of the 430-metre (1,411 ft)[1] high Rock of Gibraltar and the narrow coastal lowland surrounding it. Rain occurs mainly in winter, the summers are generally dry.

Average morning relative humidity: 82%, evening relative humidity: 64%.[2] Sunshine hours is till 2,778 per year, from 150 in November (5 hours of sunshine every day) to 341 in July (11 hours of sunshine every day).[3]

Contents

  • Temperature 1
  • Temperature of sea 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Temperature

Its average annual temperature is 18 °C (64 °F): 21 °C (70 °F) during the day and 15 °C (59 °F) at night. In the coldest month - January, the typically temperature ranges from 11–18 °C (52–64 °F) during the day and 9–14 °C (48–57 °F) at night (sometimes above and below these temperatures), the average sea temperature is 15–16 °C (59–61 °F). In the warmest month - August, the typically temperature ranges from 25–31 °C (77–88 °F) during the day, above 20 °C (68 °F) at night, the average sea temperature is 22 °C (72 °F). Average number of days above 21 °C (70 °F) is 181, average number of days above 32 °C (90 °F) is 5-6 (2 in July, 3 in August).

Climate data for Gibraltar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16
(61)
16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
21
(70)
24
(75)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
21
(70)
18
(64)
16
(61)
21
(70)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13
(55)
13
(55)
15
(59)
16
(61)
18
(64)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
22
(72)
19
(66)
16
(61)
14
(57)
18
(64)
Average low °C (°F) 11
(52)
11
(52)
12
(54)
13
(55)
15
(59)
17
(63)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
16
(61)
13
(55)
12
(54)
15
(59)
Precipitation mm (inches) 120
(4.72)
100
(3.94)
100
(3.94)
60
(2.36)
30
(1.18)
10
(0.39)
0
(0)
0
(0)
20
(0.79)
70
(2.76)
140
(5.51)
130
(5.12)
830
(32.68)
Source: Weatherbase[4]
Climate data for Gibraltar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16
(61)
16
(61)
17
(63)
19
(66)
21
(70)
24
(75)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
22
(72)
19
(66)
16
(61)
20.8
(69.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.0
(55.4)
13.5
(56.3)
14.0
(57.2)
15.5
(59.9)
17.5
(63.5)
20.5
(68.9)
23.0
(73.4)
23.5
(74.3)
22.5
(72.5)
19.0
(66.2)
16.0
(60.8)
13.5
(56.3)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) 10
(50)
11
(52)
11
(52)
12
(54)
14
(57)
17
(63)
19
(66)
20
(68)
19
(66)
16
(61)
13
(55)
11
(52)
14.4
(57.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 110
(4.33)
98
(3.86)
78
(3.07)
62
(2.44)
34
(1.34)
15
(0.59)
2
(0.08)
3
(0.12)
16
(0.63)
63
(2.48)
123
(4.84)
125
(4.92)
729
(28.7)
Avg. precipitation days 12 11 10 9 6 4 1 2 4 8 11 12 90
Mean monthly sunshine hours 155 174 217 240 279 300 341 310 240 217 150 155 2,778
Source: weather2travel.com[5]
Climate data for Gibraltar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
28
(82)
29
(84)
26
(79)
23
(73)
19
(66)
17
(63)
21.8
(71.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13
(55)
14
(57)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
22
(72)
24
(75)
25
(77)
23
(73)
20
(68)
17
(63)
14
(57)
18.4
(65.1)
Average low °C (°F) 10
(50)
11
(52)
12
(54)
13
(55)
15
(59)
18
(64)
20
(68)
21
(70)
19
(66)
17
(63)
14
(57)
11
(52)
15.1
(59.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 152
(5.98)
98
(3.86)
106
(4.17)
59
(2.32)
25
(0.98)
4
(0.16)
1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
23
(0.91)
55
(2.17)
114
(4.49)
127
(5)
767
(30.2)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10 7 10 6 4 1 1 1 2 5 7 10 64
Mean monthly sunshine hours 170.5 171.1 192.2 246.0 300.7 330.0 347.2 325.5 264.0 213.9 150.0 142.6 2,853.7
Source: ClimaTemps.com[6]
Climate data for Gibraltar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23
(73)
24
(75)
27
(81)
28
(82)
31
(88)
33
(91)
38
(100)
37
(99)
33
(91)
33
(91)
29
(84)
24
(75)
38
(100)
Average high °C (°F) 16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
28
(82)
29
(84)
26
(79)
23
(73)
19
(66)
17
(63)
21.8
(71.1)
Average low °C (°F) 10
(50)
11
(52)
12
(54)
13
(55)
15
(59)
18
(64)
20
(68)
21
(70)
19
(66)
17
(63)
14
(57)
11
(52)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) 3
(37)
1
(34)
3
(37)
7
(45)
8
(46)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
10
(50)
8
(46)
2
(36)
1
(34)
Precipitation mm (inches) 152
(5.98)
98
(3.86)
106
(4.17)
59
(2.32)
25
(0.98)
4
(0.16)
1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
23
(0.91)
55
(2.17)
114
(4.49)
127
(5)
767
(30.2)
Avg. rainy days 10 7 10 6 4 1 0 1 2 5 7 10 63
% humidity 76 73 72 69 67 68 66 67 71 74 77 75 71.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 186.0 196.0 217.0 240.0 310.0 330.0 341.0 341.0 270.0 217.0 180.0 186.0 3,014
Source: BBC Weather [7]

Temperature of sea

Temperature of sea, according to weather2travel.com:[8]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
16 °C (61 °F) 15 °C (59 °F) 16 °C (61 °F) 16 °C (61 °F) 17 °C (63 °F) 19 °C (66 °F) 22 °C (72 °F) 22 °C (72 °F) 22 °C (72 °F) 20 °C (68 °F) 18 °C (64 °F) 17 °C (63 °F) 18.4 °C (65.1 °F)
Average sea temperature, according to seatemperature.org:[9]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
16.3 °C (61.3 °F) 15.8 °C (60.4 °F) 15.7 °C (60.3 °F) 16.9 °C (62.4 °F) 18.5 °C (65.3 °F) 21.0 °C (69.8 °F) 22.8 °C (73.0 °F) 23.3 °C (73.9 °F) 21.8 °C (71.2 °F) 20.5 °C (68.9 °F) 18.3 °C (64.9 °F) 16.8 °C (62.2 °F) 19.0 °C (66.2 °F)

See also

References

  1. ^ Gibraltar.gov.uk
  2. ^ Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Gibraltar
  3. ^ "Weather2Travel.com: Gibraltar Climate Guide". 
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Gibraltar". 
  5. ^ "Gibraltar Climate Guide". 
  6. ^ "Gibraltar Climate, Temperature, Average Weather History, Rainfall/Precipitation, Sunshine". 
  7. ^ "BBC Weather | Gibraltar". BBC News. 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  8. ^ Gibraltar Climate - weather2travel.com
  9. ^ [ http://www.seatemperature.org/europe/gibraltar/gibraltar-september.htm Gibraltar average sea temperature] - seatemperature.org
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