World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Clynnog Fawr

Article Id: WHEBN0004054161
Reproduction Date:

Title: Clynnog Fawr  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Beuno, John Jones (martyr), A499 road, April 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics), Caernarfon Bay
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Clynnog Fawr

Clynnog Fawr, often simply called "Clynnog", is a village on the north coast of the Llŷn peninsula in Gwynedd, north-west Wales.

St Beuno's Church, Clynnog Fawr

Clynnog Fawr lies on the A499 road between Caernarfon and Pwllheli, at grid reference SH415500. It had a population of 130 in 1991. The main feature of the village is the parish church, dedicated to Saint Beuno, which is much larger than would be expected in a village of Clynnog's size. The site is said to be that of a Celtic monastery founded by Beuno in the early 7th century. Clynnog means 'the place of the holly-trees' (compare Breton Quelneuc (Kelenneg), Gaelic Cuilneach). It developed into an important foundation and some Welsh law manuscripts specify that the Abbot of Clynnog was entitled to a seat at the court of the king of Gwynedd.

Ffynnon Bueno

The church is recorded as being burnt in 978 by the Vikings and later burnt again by the Normans. By the end of the 15th century it was a collegiate church, one of only six in Wales. The church was an important stopping place for pilgrims heading for Bardsey Island and contains Cyff Beuno, an ancient wooden chest hollowed out of a single piece of ash and used to keep alms donated by those on pilgrimages. Maen Beuno or "Beuno's Stone" has markings reputed to be those of Beuno's fingers. Outside in the churchyard there is a sundial dated between the late 10th century and the early 12th century. Ffynnon Bueno (St Bueno's Well) is a grade II* listed structure at the south-west end of the village.

Clynnog is strategically sited at the northern end of a pass connecting the northern and southern coasts of the Lleyn peninsula, and the area has been the site of a number of battles, including the Battle of Bron yr Erw in 1075 when Gruffudd ap Cynan's first bid to become king of Gwynedd was defeated by Trahaearn ap Caradog and the Battle of Bryn Derwin in 1255 when Llywelyn ap Gruffudd defeated his brothers Owain and Dafydd to become sole ruler of Gwynedd.

Other famous people from Clynnog include Morus Clynnog, Emrys Wyn Evans and Saint John Jones, all prominent Welsh Catholics in the 16th century.

Clynnog is covered by a Neighbourhood Policing Team based in the nearby village of Penygroes.

Clynog Golf Club (now defunct) appeared only briefly following WW1. It had disappeared by the mid-1920s.[1]


  1. ^ “Clynog Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.