World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Colonna, Lazio

Article Id: WHEBN0006753994
Reproduction Date:

Title: Colonna, Lazio  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Castelli Romani, Castel San Pietro Romano, Civitella San Paolo, Fiano Romano, Rocca Priora
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Colonna, Lazio

Colonna
Comune
Comune di Colonna
Coat of arms of Colonna
Coat of arms
Colonna is located in Italy
Colonna
Location of Colonna in Italy
Coordinates:
Country Italy
Region Latium
Province Rome (RM)
Government
 • Mayor Augusto Cappellini
Area
 • Total 3.5 km2 (1.4 sq mi)
Elevation 343 m (1,125 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 3,918
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Colonnesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00030
Dialing code 06
Patron saint St. Nicholas of Bari
Website Official website

Colonna is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Rome in the Italian region Latium, located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of Rome, on the Alban Hills. With a population of some 3,900, it is the smallest of the Castelli Romani.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Ancient era 1.1
    • Middle Ages 1.2
    • Modern age 1.3
  • Main sights 2
  • Culture 3
  • Transportation 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

Ancient era

The territory of Colonna is believed to have included the ancient community of Labici, located in the area of the modern comune of Monte Compatri. Labici was conquered in 414 BC by the Romans under the dictator Quintus Servilius Priscus and razed to the ground. The Labicani then founded Labicum Quintanas near the Tower of the Pasolina near Colonna. The place is noted as Ad Quintanas, a station on the Via Labicana, between Rome and Ad Bivium.[1][2]

Middle Ages

Labicum Quintanas became an episcopal see in the 4th century. The inhabited area began to decay and disappeared with the Gothic War (535–554).

Colonna is mentioned for the first time in 1047, in a deed of Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor, a guest at the castle, which had taken its name from a column of the ancient Labicum Quintanense, when he stopped there during his march that with his army to Naples along the Via Casilina.

In 1101 Peter, child of Gregory III, Count of Tusculum, received as inheritance the territory and the Castle of Columna, with Monte Porzio Catone, Monte Compatri and other surrounding possessions. Peter was the founder of Colonna family, which took the name from this property.

In 1298 Pope Boniface VIII ordered the destruction of Colonna and its castle as punishment against the Colonna family. With the advent of Pope Clement V (1305) the Colonna family resumed the fief with all of its territories.

Modern age

In 1662, the Colonna family sold the Castrum Columnae to Cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi. In 1710 the Ludovisi family sold it to the Rospigliosi-Pallavicini family.

The Rospigliosi-Pallavicini maintained the feudal dominion on Colonna up to 5 June 1848. In 1849 the Comune and the Municipality of Colonna was constituted.

Main sights

The Baronial Palace (Italian: Palazzo Baronale) was built by the Colonna family in the 16th century on the site of the Roman castrum on the highest part on the hill. The main façade has an ashlar portal, while the opposite front has a double order of five arcades. The southwest side was modified when the church dedicated to Saint Nicholas was erected in the 18th century by the Pallavicini family.

Culture

In the first Sunday of July, the Donkeys' Palio (Italian: Palio degli Asini) is held. The seven quarters of the town compete riding donkeys in medieval dress.

Transportation

The commune is connected to Rome and southern Italy through the Via Casilina. It has also a station on the Rome–Cassino railway; the one on the Rome-Fiuggi narrow gauge railway is now abandoned, having been replaced by regional bus service held by COTRAL.

References

  1. ^ Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), Map 43 & text.
  2. ^ Hazlitt's Classical Gazetteer

External links

  • Official website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.