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Connecticut's 5th congressional district

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Title: Connecticut's 5th congressional district  
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Subject: Elizabeth Esty, Connecticut's congressional districts, United States congressional delegations from Connecticut, List of United States congressional districts, United States House of Representatives elections, 2014
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Connecticut's 5th congressional district

Connecticut's 5th congressional district
Connecticut's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Connecticut's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Elizabeth Esty (DCheshire)
Area 1,282 mi2
Distribution 85.9% urban, 14.1% rural
Population (2010) 714,820
Median income $53,118
Ethnicity 73.2% White, 5.9% Black, 3.1% Asian, 15.6% Hispanic, 0.1% Native American, 2.1% other
Cook PVI D+3

Connecticut's 5th Congressional District is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Connecticut. Located in the northwestern part of the state, the district runs from Meriden and New Britain in central Connecticut, westward to Danbury and the surrounding Housatonic Valley. Encompased in between are the Farmington Valley, Naugatuck River Valley, and the Litchfield Hills.

The district is currently represented by Democrat Elizabeth Esty.


Historically Republican, the Fifth Congressional District has been treading Democratic since 2004. John Kerry carried the district with 49.3% of the vote, a margin of 1,112 votes in the 2004 presidential election. Obama carried the district in 2008 with 56.3% of the vote and in 2012 with 53.5% of the vote.

The current 5th Congressional District was created in 2002 due to reapportionment following the 2000 U.S. Census. Due to slow population growth, Connecticut lost a seat and the district was merged with the previous Sixth Congressional District.

From 1964 to 1990 the 5th Congressional District included many towns in Fairfield County which are now located in the 4th Congressional District, such as Wilton, Monroe, Ridgefield, and Shelton. It also included the lower Naugatuck River Valley towns of Ansonia, Derby, Seymour, and Naugatuck which are now in the 3rd Congressional District.

In the early 20th century the 5th Congressional District included Waterbury, Litchfield County, and the Naugatuck Valley. It did not include any portion of Fairfield or Hartford counties and did not include the City of Meriden.

Towns in the district

The district includes the following towns:

Fairfield County - Bethel, Brookfield, Danbury, New Fairfield, Newtown, and Sherman.

Hartford County - Avon, Burlington, Canton, Farmington, New Britain, Plainville, and Simsbury.

Litchfield County - Bethlehem, Bridgewater, Canaan, Cornwall, Goshen, Harwinton, Kent, Litchfield, Morris, New Milford, Norfolk, North Canaan, Plymouth, Roxbury, Salisbury, Sharon, Thomaston, Torrington (part), Warren, Washington, Watertown, and Woodbury.

New Haven County - Cheshire, Meriden, Middlebury, Southbury, Waterbury (part), and Wolcott.

Voter registration

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 30, 2012[1]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
  Democratic 108,601 4,720 113,321 29.96%
  Republican 89,242 3,554 92,796 24.53%
  Minor parties 3,728 152 3,880 1.03%
  Unaffiliated 159,433 8,782 168,215 44.48%
Total 361,004 17,208 378,212 100%

Presidential performance

The 2000 Election is based on the performance of the Fifth and former Sixth Congressional District. Following the 2000 Census, the Sixth Congressional District was eliminated and largely merged with the Fifth.

Recent elections

Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Chris Murphy 117,186 53.80 +15.63
Republican Nancy Johnson (inc.) 94,824 43.54 -16.25
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
Turnout 217,804
Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 302,657
Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 227,303
Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 284,735

List of representatives

Representative Party Years of service Hometown Note
District organized from Connecticut's at-large congressional district in 1837
Lancelot Phelps Democratic March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839 Colebrook Retired
Truman Smith Whig March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1843 Litchfield Retired
District eliminated after the 1840 Census
District organized from Connecticut's at-large congressional district in 1913
William Kennedy Democratic March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1915 Naugatuck Lost re-election
James P. Glynn Republican March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1923 Winsted Lost re-election
Patrick B. O'Sullivan Democratic March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1925 Derby Lost re-election
James P. Glynn Republican March 4, 1925 – March 6, 1930 Winsted Died
Vacant March 6, 1930 – November 4, 1930
Edward W. Goss Republican November 4, 1930 – January 3, 1935 Waterbury Lost re-election
J. Joseph Smith Democratic January 3, 1935 – November 4, 1941 Waterbury Appointed US circuit judge
Vacant November 4, 1941 – January 20, 1942
Joseph E. Talbot Republican January 20, 1942 – January 3, 1947 Naugatuck Unsuccessful candidate for governor
James T. Patterson Republican January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1959 Naugatuck Lost re-election
John S. Monagan Democratic January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1973 Waterbury Lost re-election
Ronald A. Sarasin Republican January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1979 Beacon Falls Unsuccessful candidate for governor
William R. Ratchford Democratic January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1985 Danbury Lost re-election
John G. Rowland Republican January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1991 Waterbury Unsuccessful candidate for governor
Gary Franks Republican January 3, 1991 – January 3, 1997 Waterbury Lost re-election
James H. Maloney Democratic January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2003 Danbury Lost re-election/District merged with 6th District
Nancy Johnson Republican January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007 New Britain Lost re-election
Chris Murphy Democratic January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2013 Cheshire Elected to US Senate
Elizabeth Esty Democratic January 3, 2013 - Cheshire Incumbent

Living former Members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut's 5th congressional district

As of May 2015, four former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut's 5th congressional district are alive.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
John G. Rowland 1985–1991 (1957-05-24) May 24, 1957
Gary Franks 1991–1997 (1953-02-09) February 9, 1953
James H. Maloney 1997–2003 (1948-09-17) September 17, 1948
Nancy Johnson 2003–2007 (1935-01-05) January 5, 1935

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also


  1. ^
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Preceded by
2010 elections
United States House elections in Connecticut
Succeeded by
2014 elections

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