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Conway, South Carolina

Conway, South Carolina
City
Official seal of Conway, South Carolina
Seal
Location of Conway inSouth Carolina
Location of Conway in
South Carolina
Coordinates:
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Horry
Government
 • Mayor Alys Lawson[1]
Area
 • Total 13.4 sq mi (34.7 km2)
 • Land 12.7 sq mi (32.9 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2)
Elevation 33 ft (10 m)
Population (2009)
 • Total 16,317
 • Density 927/sq mi (358.1/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 29526-29528
Area code(s) 843
FIPS code 45-16405[2]
GNIS feature ID 1247370[3]
Website City Homepage for Conway

Conway is a city in Horry County, South Carolina. The population was 16,317 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Horry County[4] and is part of the Myrtle Beach metropolitan area. It is the home of Coastal Carolina University.

Numerous buildings and structures located in Conway are on the National Register of Historic Places. Among these is the City Hall building, designed by Robert Mills, architect of the Washington Monument. Since the completion of the Main Street USA project in the 1980s, Conway's downtown has been revitalized with shops and bistros. Highlighting the renovation of the downtown area is the Riverwalk, an area of fine dining which follows a stretch of the Waccamaw River that winds through Conway.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
  • Education 5
  • Transportation 6
    • Air 6.1
    • Bus 6.2
    • Railroads 6.3
  • Economy 7
  • Media 8
  • Culture 9
  • Sports 10
  • Notable people 11
  • See also 12
  • References 13

History

Conway is one of the oldest towns in South Carolina. Originally early English colonists named the village as named "Kings Town" but soon changed it to "Kingston". The town was founded in 1732 as part of Royal Governor Robert Johnson's Township Scheme. It was laid out on a bluff overlooking the Waccamaw River in what is now known as Horry County.

The Conway marina, seen from the Waccamaw River Bridge

Many area residents fought in the American Revolution, and small engagements were fought near Kingston at Bear Bluff and at Black Lake. Francis Marion, who was known as the "Swamp Fox", had an encampment near Kingston just across the Waccamaw River.

After the war, patriotic citizens wanted to discard the name that honored Great Britain's Robert Conway. In 1883, the General Assembly changed the name to the current name of Conway.

Geography

Conway, the county seat of Horry County, is located at (33.838093, -79.056101).[5] It is situated in the South Carolina Coastal Plain, on the western banks of the Waccamaw River, and is approximately 25 km from the Atlantic Ocean.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.4 square miles (35 km2), of which 12.7 square miles (33 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) 5.08% is water.

Demographics

Trains in front of the Conway watertower

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 11,788 people, 4,259 households, and 2,942 families residing in the city. The population density was 927.8 people per square mile (358.1/km²). There were 4,783 housing units at an average density of 376.5 per square mile (145.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.82% White, 41.85% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.87% of the population.

There were 4,259 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 23.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 15.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 83.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,155, and the median income for a family was $39,189. Males had a median income of $26,720 versus $21,310 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,611. About 15.9% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.9% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government

City Hall

The city is run by an elected Mayor-council government system, with council members being Randle L. Alford, Vivian E. Chestnut, Irby L. Koon, Jean M. Timbes, Thomas J. Anderson II, and Larry A. White. The current mayor is Alys C. Lawson.[8]

Education

Most of the county is served by a single public school system, Horry County Schools. Private schools include Conway Christian School. Neighboring Myrtle Beach also has several private schools.

Conway is home to two major institutes of higher learning, Webster University, an MBA graduate school, and North American Institute of Aviation (NAIA), a flight school.

Transportation

Old train station (no longer in use)

Air

Conway is home to the Conway-Horry County Airport (HYW),[9] a small airport located 3 miles outside of town, along US-378.

Bus

A large part of Horry County is served by the Coast Regional Transit Authority (RTA),[10] formerly known as the Waccamaw Regional Transit Authority and as Lymo. The primary station and offices are located in downtown Conway, near the historic district.

Railroads

R. J. Corman Railroad's Carolina Line is a short line railroad which serves parts of North and South Carolina. Conway is located on the railroad's Chadbourn, NC-Myrtle Beach, SC branch. The historical Conway railroad depot is located along this branch, although the depot is now an office building.

Economy

Notable companies/employers located in the Conway area include:

Media

Conway Journal

Rivertown Radio

Horry Independent

Culture

Conway is the home of Kimbel Library and the Rebecca Randall Bryan Art Gallery at Coastal Carolina University. The gallery houses differing exhibits throughout the year. Admission is free, and the gallery is open to the public.

Sports

HTC Center, originally known as the Student Recreation and Convocation Center, is a 3,370-seat multi-purpose arena located on the campus of Coastal Carolina University in Conway. It is home to the Coastal Carolina University men's and women's basketball teams, and the women's volleyball teams. It replaced Kimbel Arena for this purpose.

An arena project, known as Y2R2, intended to house the university teams and the proposed future Myrtle Beach Thunderboltz hockey team, did not gain approvals for development.

Notable people

See also

  • Chicora tribe, Remnants of the Chicora tribe are centered in Conway and are seeking official recognition by the state.

References

  1. ^ "CONWAY CITY COUNCIL". cityofconway.com. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ Official Conway City Council Page
  9. ^ AirNav: KHYW - Conway-Horry County Airport
  10. ^ The Coast RTA
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