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Coronation Park, Delhi

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Coronation Park, Delhi

Commemorative Queen Mary sat in Durbar of 1911, and declared the shifting of the capital of the British Raj from Calcutta to Delhi
Commemoration Plaque below the Obelisk that gives the exact date of the Delhi Durbar as 11 December 1911, declaring the Coronation celebrated in the United Kingdom on 22 June 1911

Coronation Park is a park located on Burari Road near Nirankari Sarovar in Emperor of India took place on 12 December 1911, subsequent to his coronation at Westminster Abbey in June 1911. This last celebration had all the princely states in attendance. The decision to hold the Coronation Durbars in Delhi at the vast open ground at Coronation Park was a move to emphasise Delhi's history.[1][2][3]

The monument is now being restored.

Also, Coronation Park, by a quirk of circumstances, has the largest and tallest statue of King George V, adorning as it does a lofty pedestal. The statue was moved here in the mid-1960s from a site opposite

  • The Delhi Durbar 1903 Revisited

External links

  1. ^ a b "A monumental delight for Delhiites".  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Charlotte Corey (29 December 2002). "The Delhi Durbar 1903 Revisited". Sunday Times. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Lucy Peck (2005). Delhi – A thousand years of Building. The British (New Delhi: Roli Books Pvt Ltd.). p. 241.  
  4. ^ a b c Jeffrey N. Dupée (2008). Traveling India in the Age of Gandhi. Acknowledgements (University Press of America). p. vii.  
  5. ^ a b c d "Coronation park: legacy of the Raj". Indian Express. 27 November 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Aarti.K. Kanekar (5 June 1992). "Celebration of Place" (pdf , 26696136.pdf (SECURED) preview non-printable open to all). Doctoral thesis: British Period. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. pp. 78–80. 
  7. ^ "Death of Lord Lytton" (pdf). New York Times. 25 November 1891. 
  8. ^ a b "Revenge of the native". Mint (Newspaper). 8 August 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  9. ^ "Coronation Durbar Delhi 1911". Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  10. ^ a b c "Coronation park cries out for help". Hindustan Time. 8 August 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  11. ^ "Leaving Buckingham Palace for India". Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  12. ^ a b "A space in the Durbar". Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  13. ^ Mukherjee Sanjeeb (2001). "Coronation Park". CORONATION PARK - the Raj junkyard, the-south-Asian.com. Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  14. ^ "Long way to go for Park revamp". Express India. 29 July 2005. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  15. ^ "'"Delhi to get 'heritage corridor. Thaindian. 8 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  16. ^ "Draft Zonal Development Plan for Zone — "C" (Civil Lines Zone)" (pdf). Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  17. ^ "Indian government to preserve Coronation Park, monument to the British Raj". Retrieved 2009-06-07. 

References

Gallery

The park is located on the Bhai Parmanand Marg (Road), also called Burari Road, in the crowded urban sprawls of North Delhi, 2 km (1.2 mi) north of Kingsway Camp, 17 km (11 mi) from Delhi. Bhai Paramanand Road branches from the Mall Road or the Karnal Road in Civil Lines of Kingsway camp of Delhi.[17]

During the Durbar in 1911, and also the previous ones held at the same open ground to the north of the cantonment, light railway lines were laid connecting the Civil Lines on one side where the Viceroy and Governors had camped and another line leading to the parade ground and the proclamation podium.[3]

Access

Delhi Development Authority (DDA) has prepared a Draft Zonal Development Plan for Zone — "C" (Civil Lines Zone) which includes the Conservation & Heritage of the precincts of the Coronation Pillar. DDA expects to develop it as a tourist spot since it is very close to the National Highway 1 (NH 1) bypass. It is also intended to develop the area around the Nirankari Sarovar, which has been earmarked for green/water body with sports facilities.[16]

INTACH has also decided to complete the heritage corridor along with also improving and standardising the signs on Delhi's roads from Coronation Park in the north to Qutab Minar in south as part of the beautification of Delhi before the 2010 Commonwealth Games.[15]

In 2005, the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) and Government of Delhi resolved to restore Coronation Park, which was in a state of neglect.[14]

Conservation measures

This memorial was erected to commemorate the Coronation Durbar of King George V and Queen Mary held in December 1911. On this occasion the King announced the transfer of the capital of British India from Calcutta to Delhi.
[5][3][2]The park is enclosed by high steel fencing, whose well guarded entrance gate has a plaque (pictured in gallery) which proclaims:

Nineteen pedestals were built to install the displaced statues but only five are fixed, while the remaining plinths are vacant. Some of the statues were stolen or damaged, whilst several of the statues expected to populate the plinths were retained by the communities in which they were first installed. King George's statue, though it appears forlorn in the sparse field, is well maintained.[2][5] The other statues, which all originated in Delhi, stand arranged in a semicircle around the King's statue. They are thought to be those of Sir Guy Fleetwood Wilson and Viceroys Lord Willingdon, Lord Irwin and Lord Hardinge. However, there are no inscriptions indicating the names of the other individuals depicted here.[2][4]

, which is now vacant following the statue's removal. India Gate in front of the canopy His statue had earlier stood atop a [5][4][2] Following the

Post Independence

Now the park is a well guarded open space whose desolateness amidst the humdrum of the dense traffic and crowded shanty towns of northern Delhi's urban sprawl is disappointing to the visitors. The park is sometimes used for big religious festivals and municipal conventions.[13]

Here on the 12th Day of December 1911, His Imperial Majesty King George V, Emperor of India accompanied by the Queen Empress in solemn Durbar announced in person to the Governors, Princes and Peoples of India his Coronation celebrated in England on the 22nd day of June 1911 and received from them their dutiful homage and allegiance.
[10][3][2] with steps on all four sides. The memorial has been erected at exactly the same location where all the three British Durbars were held in the past. The inscription on the Memorial testifies the final Durbar event and states:plinth. It is erected over a high raise square sandstone in the sprawling Coronation Park is made of obelisk Memorial erected as an CoronationThe

Coronation Memorial

The Queen-Empress, Mary of Teck, gave the title of Kaiser-i-Hind to all the Governors of the states at Coronation Park. She also announced that Bengal would be reunited in 1903. Following the announcements, the Queen laid the foundation stone for the Viceroy's residence. However, the location was later not found suitable for building the Residency for the Viceroy since the area was in the flood prone zone of the Yamuna River. The stone was later shifted to Raisina Hill. The construction of Viceroy's House (as it was officially called), the present Rashtrapati Bhavan, was started after World War I and completed in 1931, when the City of New Delhi was inaugurated.[2][10]

Other uses

.
King George V's statue was removed in the 1960s from the canopy opposite India Gate. It was relocated on a plinth in Coronation Park, directly opposite the Obelisk

After the Coronation Durbar, Edwin Lutyens (Sir Edwin from 1918) was authorised by Lord Hardinge to proceed with preparing plans for building New Delhi.[12] By shifting the capital to Delhi in 1912, as announced by the King in 1911, the British attempted to erase the memory of Mughal rule. Also, this return to Delhi emulated the practice followed by earlier pre-Islamic and the Mughal rulers who had established their own cities in Delhi, a move meant to increase the British Imperial image.[6]

In 1911, a fabulous sum of Stg £600,000 was approved for the Durbar and maintenance of the visiting local rulers. An additional £300,000 were supplied by the Government of India to pay for eighty thousand Army troops in the parades and security for the event.[11] The Imperial Hotel in New Delhi, considered a legacy of the colonial times, continues to display pictures of the Durbar in a Coffee Shop named "1911".[12]

[10][8][3][2].Delhi to Calcutta would be shifted from British India
Royal intention to hold at Delhi on the twelfth day of December one thousand nine hundred and eleven an Imperial Durbar for the purpose of making known the said solemnity of Our Coronation and We do hereby charge and command Our right trusted and well beloved counsellor Charles Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, Our Viceroy and Governor General of India, to take all necessary measures in that behalf.
[9] communication which stated:British Government, the Viceroy at the time, when he was authorised to plan the event by a Lord HardingeThe final Durbar was organised in 1911 at the same venue as the two previous ones. There was no disappointment for

The third Durbar

The Duke arrived from Bombay with a large contingent of dignitaries. The festivities lasted for a fortnight and the Delhi Durbar parade became a standard feature of early 20th century spectacle in India.[2] The Viceroy and Governors of the various provinces and the Maharajas of princely states were present, bringing their large colourful entourages. The event was presided over by the Duke of Connaught and by Lord and Lady Curzon, the Viceroy and Vicereine of India. It is also said that more than 100,000 people attended the Durbar at Coronation Park. But this extravagant spectacle was dubbed as the 'Curzonization Durbar as people suspected he regarded the occasion more as a celebration of his own Viceregality than of the ascension of a new king.'[2][3][8]

Lord Curzon converted the drab and dry land of the park into a virtual tented city by establishing huge encampments with colourful tents. In this city of tents there was a variety of infrastructure including water, drainage, sanitation, electricity and rail communications supplied to the venue from different locations in the nearby city. Firework displays, exhibitions and glamorous dances were organised. Special postage stamps were issued on the occasion. Post offices, telegraph and telephone communications were provided. King-Emperor himself, did not attend the celebrations held in his honour. Instead, His Britannic Majesty was represented by his brother, H.R.H. The Duke of Connaught and Strathearn.

The second and third Durbars were held at the same location to celebrate the King Edward VII. Lord Curzon, the Viceroy and the chief architect of the show, planned meticulously what was considered an extravagant display of pomp and splendour.[2]

The second Durbar

Lord Curzon and Lady Curzon arriving at the Delhi Durbar, 1903.

The first Durbar, initiated by Lord Lytton (1831–1891), the then Viceroy of India, was held on 1 January 1877 at the Coronation Park in Delhi to mark the proclamation of Queen Victoria as Empress of India. Lord Lytton conceived the procession in order to represent the British Raj as bringing “order and discipline, which was in (his) ideology part of the whole system of colonial control”. The Durbar was an extravaganza of pomp and ceremony including a parade on a decorated elephant by Lord and Lady Lytton in the presence of nearly 70,000 people. The imperial gathering consisted of royalty from all the provinces of India and the most senior British dignitaries.[2][3][6][7]

The first Durbar

Delhi was chosen as the site of the park because the city boasted a great historical legacy for such royal activities.[2][6] The site was developed as a park and venue to hold the first Durbar, or imperial pageant, in Delhi under the supervision of the British Raj. Durbars were an "invented tradition" to showcase the prowess of the British by perpetuating a tradition of previous Hindu, Muslim and Mughal rulers.[6] Three Durbars were held by the British monarchy during a period of forty years in the park, which was located near the soon to be created New Delhi, just south of Shahjahanbad.[6] The three Durbars were held near a ridge where the British won a great victory during the Indian rebellion of 1857. In addition, the location helped emphasise the grandeur of the British monarchy to the native rulers and the people who attended the Durbars.[2][6]

The Delhi Durbar of 1877. Lord Lytton, the Viceroy of India, is seated on the dais to the left.

History

Contents

  • History 1
    • The first Durbar 1.1
    • The second Durbar 1.2
    • The third Durbar 1.3
    • Other uses 1.4
  • Coronation Memorial 2
  • Post Independence 3
  • Conservation measures 4
  • Access 5
  • Gallery 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

[5][4][2][1]

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