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Title: Cowansville  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Brome-Missisquoi Regional County Municipality, Quebec Route 241, Quebec Route 202, 2010 Winter Olympics torch relay route, Charles Francis (swimmer)
Collection: Cowansville
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Nesbitt House, Cowansville
Nesbitt House, Cowansville
Coat of arms of Cowansville
Coat of arms
Motto: Fortitudo et decor
Location within Brome-Missisquoi RCM
Location within Brome-Missisquoi RCM
Cowansville is located in Southern Quebec
Location in southern Quebec
Coordinates: [1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montérégie
RCM Brome-Missisquoi
Constituted January 1, 1876
 • Mayor Arthur Fauteux
 • Federal riding Brome—Missisquoi
 • Prov. riding Brome-Missisquoi
 • City 48.70 km2 (18.80 sq mi)
 • Land 46.09 km2 (17.80 sq mi)
 • Urban[5] 29.42 km2 (11.36 sq mi)
 • Metro[6] 46.09 km2 (17.80 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4]
 • City 12,489
 • Density 271.0/km2 (702/sq mi)
 • Urban[5] 11,615
 • Urban density 394.8/km2 (1,023/sq mi)
 • Metro[6] 12,489
 • Metro density 271.0/km2 (702/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 2.5%
 • Dwellings 5,789
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J2K 1T4
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways Route 104
Route 139
Route 202
Route 241
Geocode 46080
Website .ca.qc.cowansville.villewww

Cowansville is a town in south-central Quebec, Canada, located on Lac Davignon 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of the U.S. border. It is the seat of Brome-Missisquoi, a regional county municipality. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 12,489.

In recent years, Cowansville has seen its commercial activity blossom mainly due to its proximity to a major freeway, Autoroute 10, and the Eastern Townships ski resort region.


  • History and name 1
  • Demographics 2
    • Population 2.1
    • Language 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History and name

Water Fountain in downtown Cowansville

Jacob Ruiter was the first person to settle on the current site of Cowansville. In 1800 he built a flour mill, and then a saw mill. In 1805, Ruiter named the small town as Nelsonville, in honour of British admiral, Lord Horatio Nelson, who was killed in the naval Battle of Trafalgar.

The city's current name is due to Peter Cowan, a merchant from Montreal who settled in the area in 1836 and become postmaster in 1841. In order to avoid the mail being sent inadvertently to another city named Nelsonville, close to Hamilton in Upper Canada, he decided to change its name.

During the 1870s, the construction of the South Eastern Railway linking Montreal to Cowansville and the opening of the first bank, the Eastern Townships Bank, contributed to the expansion of the small city, which allows many businesses settle in the area. The municipality detached from the district of Dunham, and incorporated on the January 1, 1876 and officially was named Cowansville. In February of the same year James O'Halloran was acclaimed as Mayor by the town council. Cowansville saw a strong industrial growth during the 20th century, and became a city on June 25, 1931, and has grown since World War II by various annexations.

The municipality has a current population of over 12,000. The main economy is based on the industrial sector, in particular textiles. There is also a hospital, Brome-Missisquoi-Perkins, a municipal court, a federal penitentiary, and a Nature Centre close to Davignon Lake.

Cowansville is the seat of the judicial district of Bedford.[7]




Canada Census Mother Tongue - Cowansville, Quebec[10]
Census Total
French & English
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
9,780 2.6% 80.59% 1,970 15.5% 16.23% 195 25.8% 1.61% 190 7.3% 1.56%
9,535 0.6% 82.20% 1,705 10.7% 14.70% 155 18.4% 1.33% 205 156.2% 1.77%
9,480 5.9% 83.97% 1,540 17.9% 13.64% 190 19.1% 1.68% 80 44.8% 0.71%
8,950 n/a 79.88% 1,875 n/a 16.73% 235 n/a 2.10% 145 n/a 1.29%

See also


  1. ^ Commission de toponymie du QuébecReference number 15704 of the (French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Cowansville
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: BROME--MISSISQUOI (Quebec)
  4. ^ a b c 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Cowansville, Quebec
  5. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Cowansville, Quebec (Population centre).
  6. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Cowansville, Quebec (Census agglomeration) The census agglomeration consists of only Cowansville itself. In the 2006 census it had also included East Farnham.
  7. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  8. ^ "2006 Community Profiles".  
  9. ^ "2001 Community Profiles".  
  10. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External links

  • Ville de Cowansville

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