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Crossroads, Cape Town

 

Crossroads, Cape Town

Crossroads
Aerial view of Crossroads
Aerial view of Crossroads
Crossroads is located in Western Cape
Crossroads
 Crossroads shown within Western Cape
Coordinates:
Country South Africa
Province Western Cape
Municipality City of Cape Town
Area[1]
 • Total 2.35 km2 (0.91 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 36,043
 • Density 15,000/km2 (40,000/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 96.7%
 • Coloured 2.9%
 • Indian/Asian 0.1%
 • White 0.1%
 • Other 0.2%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Xhosa 89.0%
 • Afrikaans 3.4%
 • English 3.2%
 • Sotho 1.4%
 • Other 3.0%
PO box 9334

Crossroads is a high-density township in Cape Town, South Africa.

It is situated near Cape Town International Airport and borders Nyanga, Philippi, Heideveld, Gugulethu and Mitchells Plain. Crossroads is one of Cape Town's largest townships.

History

The establishment of Crossroads as a settlement began in the 1970s when workers from a nearby farm were told to leave and move to 'the crossroads'. By 1977 a survey indicated that a total of 18,000 people were living at Crossroads.[2]

An added motivation for the initial settlers in what was then unsettled Cape Flats Dune Strandveld was the opportunity for families to build individual, more respectable homes than the hostels of Gugulethu allowed for. Since the Apartheid authorities considered the settlement temporary, orders to evict and dismantle it were issued in 1975.[2]

These orders were not enforced due to the efforts of a Men's Committee and a Women's Committee that had been formed to oppose the order as well as the

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Crossroads". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Apartheid Shanty Towns in Cape Town". Cape Town History. Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Cape Town the Segregated city". South African History Online. Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Origin and Track Record". Development Action Group. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 

References

The 'witdoeke' attacked neighbouring townships and set fire to all the shanty settlements in old Crossroads thereby leaving 60,000 people homeless. As a result some residents moved to a tented town near Site C in Khayelitsha to avoid the violence.[2]

[3][2] By 1983 the violence in Crossroads began to spread into the neighboring areas of KTC and Nyanga. Older Crossroads residents resented the rising influence of the

Although the 'Save Crossroads' campaign was successful violence broke out within the community due to a feud between supporters of the then head of the residents committee Johnson Ngxobongwana, and those who accused him of favouritism and rewarding his henchmen.[2]

From this group of activists the Development Action Group was established in 1986. A Nomaindia Mfeketo, used to work for prior to becoming mayor.[4]

[3].1976 Soweto uprisings Once Crossroads had been declared a legal settlement by the government they began to focus on dismantling the rapidly growing informal settlements in the surrounding area. The government's focus on destroying these settlements was driven by a desire to neutralise the threat the government faced in the wake of [2]

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