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Cyclin D3

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Title: Cyclin D3  
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Subject: Postreplication checkpoint, Cellular apoptosis susceptibility protein, Retinoic acid receptor alpha, Cyclin B2, CDKN2D
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Cyclin D3

Cyclin D3
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbol
External IDs ChEMBL: GeneCards:
RNA expression pattern
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)
RefSeq (protein)
Location (UCSC)
PubMed search

G1/S-specific cyclin-D3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCND3 gene.[1]

Function

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the highly conserved cyclin family, whose members are characterized by a dramatic periodicity in protein abundance through the cell cycle. Cyclins function as regulators of CDK kinases. Different cyclins exhibit distinct expression and degradation patterns which contribute to the temporal coordination of each mitotic event. This cyclin forms a complex with and functions as a regulatory subunit of CDK4 or CDK6, whose activtiy is required for cell cycle G1/S transition. This protein has been shown to interact with and be involved in the phosphorylation of tumor suppressor protein Rb. The CDK4 activity associated with this cyclin was reported to be necessary for cell cycle progression through G2 phase into mitosis after UV radiation.[2]

Mutations in CCND3 are implicated in cases of breast cancer.[3]

Interactions

Cyclin D3 has been shown to interact with:

See also

References

  1. ^ Inaba T, Matsushime H, Valentine M, Roussel MF, Sherr CJ, Look AT (August 1992). "Genomic organization, chromosomal localization, and independent expression of human cyclin D genes". Genomics 13 (3): 565–74.  
  2. ^ "Entrez Gene: CCND3 cyclin D3". 
  3. ^ The Cancer Genome Atlas Network (2012). "Comprehensive molecular portraits of human breast tumours". Nature (Nature Publishing Group) 490 (7418): 61–70.  
  4. ^ a b Arsenijevic T, Degraef C, Dumont JE, Roger PP, Pirson I (2004). "A novel partner for D-type cyclins: protein kinase A-anchoring protein AKAP95". Biochem. J. 378 (Pt 2): 673–9.  
  5. ^ Zhang S, Cai M, Zhang S, Xu S, Chen S, Chen X, Chen C, Gu J (2002). "Interaction of p58(PITSLRE), a G2/M-specific protein kinase, with cyclin D3". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (38): 35314–22.  
  6. ^ a b Rual JF, Venkatesan K, Hao T, Hirozane-Kishikawa T, Dricot A, Li N, Berriz GF, Gibbons FD, Dreze M, Ayivi-Guedehoussou N, Klitgord N, Simon C, Boxem M, Milstein S, Rosenberg J, Goldberg DS, Zhang LV, Wong SL, Franklin G, Li S, Albala JS, Lim J, Fraughton C, Llamosas E, Cevik S, Bex C, Lamesch P, Sikorski RS, Vandenhaute J, Zoghbi HY, Smolyar A, Bosak S, Sequerra R, Doucette-Stamm L, Cusick ME, Hill DE, Roth FP, Vidal M (2005). "Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network". Nature 437 (7062): 1173–8.  
  7. ^ a b c Lin J, Jinno S, Okayama H (2001). "Cdk6-cyclin D3 complex evades inhibition by inhibitor proteins and uniquely controls cell's proliferation competence". Oncogene 20 (16): 2000–9.  
  8. ^ a b Zhang Q, Wang X, Wolgemuth DJ (1999). "Developmentally regulated expression of cyclin D3 and its potential in vivo interacting proteins during murine gametogenesis". Endocrinology 140 (6): 2790–800.  
  9. ^ a b Despouy G, Bastie JN, Deshaies S, Balitrand N, Mazharian A, Rochette-Egly C, Chomienne C, Delva L (2003). "Cyclin D3 is a cofactor of retinoic acid receptors, modulating their activity in the presence of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein II". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (8): 6355–62.  
  10. ^ Meyerson M, Harlow E (1994). "Identification of G1 kinase activity for cdk6, a novel cyclin D partner". Mol. Cell. Biol. 14 (3): 2077–86.  
  11. ^ Shen X, Yang Y, Liu W, Sun M, Jiang J, Zong H, Gu J (2004). "Identification of the p28 subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 3(eIF3k) as a new interaction partner of cyclin D3". FEBS Lett. 573 (1-3): 139–46.  

Further reading


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