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Dahme-Spreewald

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Title: Dahme-Spreewald  
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Dahme-Spreewald

Dahme-Spreewald
District
Country  Germany
State Brandenburg
Capital Lübben (Spreewald)
Area
 • Total 2,261 km2 (873 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 160,793
 • Density 71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration LDS
Website dahme-spreewald.de

Dahme-Spreewald is a district in Brandenburg, Germany. It is bounded by (from the east and clockwise) the districts of Oder-Spree, Spree-Neiße, Oberspreewald-Lausitz, Elbe-Elster and Teltow-Fläming, and by the city of Berlin.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demography 3
  • Coat of arms 4
  • Towns and municipalities 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

The Spreewald region has always been a centre of Sorbian culture. In medieval times the cities of Lübben and Luckau had successively been capitals of the margravate of Lower Lusatia. From 1815 on Lower Lusatia was a part of Prussia. Throughout the 19th century the region remained an agriculturally used area, some urbanisation taking place in the very north (close to Berlin) only.

When the state of Brandenburg was newly founded in 1990, the districts of Lübben, Luckau and Königs Wusterhausen had been established. In 1993 the three districts were merged.

Geography

The Spree river enters the district in the southeast and leaves to the northeast. The wooded regions along its banks are called Spreewald. The Spreewald is the westernmost part of Lusatia. Especially the cities of Lübben and Lübbenau welcome many tourists each year, offering boat trips and relaxing holidays in the beautiful Spreewald nature.

The Dahme river is a tributary of the Spree. It forms many lakes in the northern part of the district. The Dahme leaves the district towards Berlin, where it is occasionally used for boat races. Eventually, it joins the Spree.

Demography

Landkreis Dahme-Spreewald:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 83 381
1890 87 772
1925 109 281
1933 120 359
1939 137 972
1946 162 990
1950 161 884
1964 151 847
1971 151 350
1981 148 279
Year Population
1985 147 508
1989 144 791
1990 142 899
1991 140 836
1992 141 714
1993 141 701
1994 142 819
1995 144 990
1996 147 871
1997 150 995
Year Population
1998 154 894
1999 157 341
2000 158 994
2001 159 568
2002 159 923
2003 160 173
2004 161 179
2005 161 937
2006 161 756
2007 161 699
Year Population
2008 161 482
2009 161 708
2010 161 805
2011 160 108
2012 160 314

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

Coat of arms

Coat of arms The coat of arms displays:
  • top left: the bull is the heraldic animal of Lusatia
  • top right: the eagle is the heraldic animal of Brandenburg
  • bottom: the crown symbolises the former hunting lodge of the Prussian kings, which was in Königs Wusterhausen

Towns and municipalities

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Königs Wusterhausen
  2. Lübben (Spreewald)
  3. Luckau
  4. Mittenwalde


Amt-free municipalities

  1. Bestensee
  2. Eichwalde
  3. Heideblick
  4. Heidesee
  5. Märkische Heide
  6. Schönefeld
  7. Schulzendorf
  8. Wildau
  9. Zeuthen

1. Lieberose/Oberspreewald

  1. Alt Zauche-Wußwerk
  2. Byhleguhre-Byhlen
  3. Jamlitz
  4. Lieberose1, 2
  5. Neu Zauche
  6. Schwielochsee
  7. Spreewaldheide
  8. Straupitz

2. Schenkenländchen

  1. Groß Köris
  2. Halbe
  3. Märkisch Buchholz2
  4. Münchehofe
  5. Schwerin
  6. Teupitz1, 2

3. Unterspreewald

  1. Bersteland
  2. Drahnsdorf
  3. Golßen1, 2
  4. Kasel-Golzig
  5. Krausnick-Groß Wasserburg
  6. Rietzneuendorf-Staakow
  7. Schlepzig
  8. Schönwald
  9. Steinreich
  10. Unterspreewald
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2013 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)".  
  2. ^ Boundaries as of 2013
  3. ^

External links

  • Official website (German)
  • Spreewald touristical website (German)
  • Spreewald Biosphere Reserve (German)

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