World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Darkhan (city)

 

Darkhan (city)

Darkhan
Дархан
ᠳᠠᠷᠬᠠᠨ
District
Darkhan District
Дархан сум
ᠳᠠᠷᠬᠠᠨᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Buddha Statue complex
Buddha Statue complex
Darkhan is located in Mongolia
Darkhan
Coordinates:
Country Mongolia
Province Darkhan-Uul Province
Founded October 1961
Elevation 665 m (2,182 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Urban 180,738
Time zone UTC + 8 (UTC+8)
Postal code 213800
Area code(s) +976 (0)137
Vehicle registration ДАx (x variable)

Darkhan (Mongolian: Дархан, blacksmith) is the second largest city in Mongolia and the capital of Darkhan-Uul Aimag (Darkhan-Uul Province). It had a population of 180,738 in 2010.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Climate 2
  • Culture 3
  • Education 4
  • Partner cities 5
  • References 6

History

On October 17, 1961, the city of Darkhan was built with extensive economic assistance from the Soviet Union. As its name implies, the city was originally conceived to be a manufacturing site for Mongolia's northern territory. The city remains a mostly industrial region and is the home of some 82% of Darkhan-Uul Province's population. As with most urban Mongols, some 86% of the city's population live in residential apartments, with the remaining population living in yurts (gers) on the outskirts of the city. The city is relatively close to Russia and retains a fairly small percentage of native Russians.

Climate

Darkhan has a borderline humid continental climate (Dwb), close to the more typical subarctic climate (Dwc) of northern Mongolia, which is found in higher areas near the city, and only marginally wet enough to avoid qualifying as a semi-arid climate (BSk). These three climate types tend to overlap a good deal over the border regions of Mongolia, Russia and Kazakhstan.[2] This area has extremely cold and dry winters; however the summers are warmer and more humid.

Climate data for Darkhan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −18.7
(−1.7)
−13.8
(7.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
10.6
(51.1)
19.3
(66.7)
24.6
(76.3)
25.6
(78.1)
23.2
(73.8)
17.0
(62.6)
7.8
(46)
−4.6
(23.7)
−15.2
(4.6)
6.25
(43.25)
Daily mean °C (°F) −24.7
(−12.5)
−21.1
(−6)
−8.3
(17.1)
3.2
(37.8)
11.2
(52.2)
17.2
(63)
19.2
(66.6)
17.1
(62.8)
9.9
(49.8)
0.7
(33.3)
−11.1
(12)
−21.1
(−6)
−0.65
(30.84)
Average low °C (°F) −30.6
(−23.1)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−15.7
(3.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
3.1
(37.6)
9.9
(49.8)
12.9
(55.2)
11.1
(52)
2.8
(37)
−6.3
(20.7)
−17.6
(0.3)
−27
(−17)
−7.49
(18.47)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
2
(0.08)
4
(0.16)
8
(0.31)
17
(0.67)
59
(2.32)
83
(3.27)
75
(2.95)
36
(1.42)
12
(0.47)
6
(0.24)
4
(0.16)
309
(12.17)
Source: http://en.climate-data.org/location/29830/

Culture

Monument to Morinkhuur instrument

The Kharagiin monastery is housed in a pretty log cabin in the old town; it has recently become active again as a Buddhist monastery.

In addition, the city hosts the Museum of Darkhan-Uul. This museum, also called the Traditional Museum of Folk Art, contains a collection of archaeological findings, traditional clothing, religious artifacts, and taxidermy.

The city has a monument to the horse-head fiddle (morinkhuur), the national instrument of Mongolia.

Education

Darkhan is the second largest educational center in Mongolia, making the educational level of the city's population very high. Hundreds of students come to Darkhan from other parts of Mongolia to study. Currently in Darkhan Uul Aimag there are 10 higher education institutions, 25 secondary schools, 14 kindergartens, the Institute of Management and Development, the Regional Business Development Center and the Plant Science and Agricultural Training Research Institute.

Partner cities

Darkhan is partnered with:[3]
City State Country
Dimitrovgrad Haskovo Province Bulgaria
Irving Texas United States
Kaposvár Somogy County Hungary
Ulan Ude Buryatia Russia

References

  1. ^ Darkhan-Uul aimag official site
  2. ^ Updated Köppen-Geiger climate map
  3. ^ (Bulgarian) Официален сайт на община Димитровград – Побратимени градове
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.