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Dasht-e Lut

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Dasht-e Lut

Dasht-e Lut is located in Iran
Dasht-e Lut
Dasht-e Lut
Location within Iran
University of Montana scientists found Iran's Lut Desert reached the hottest temperature of anywhere on Earth between 2003 and 2009.
As seen from space
Map of biotopes of Iran
  Forest steppe
  Forests and woodlands
  Semi-desert
  Desert lowlands
  Steppe
  Salted alluvial marshes

Dasht-e Lut (Persian: کویر لوت‎, "Emptiness Desert"), also spelled Dasht-i-Lut and known as the Lut Desert, is a large salt desert in southeastern Kerman Iran and is the world's 25th largest desert. The surface of the sand there has been measured at temperatures as high as 70.7°C (159°F),[1][2] and it is one of the world's driest and hottest places.

Description

Iran is climatically part of the Afro-Asian belt of deserts, which stretches from the Cape Verde islands off West Africa all the way to Mongolia near Beijing, China. The patchy, elongated, light-colored feature in the foreground (parallel to the mountain range) is the northernmost of the Dasht dry lakes that stretch southward 300 kilometers (190 mi). In near-tropical deserts, elevated areas capture most precipitation. As a result, the desert is largely an abiotic zone.

Iran's geography consists of a plateau surrounded by mountains and divided into drainage basins. Dasht-e Lut is one of the largest of these desert basins, 480 kilometers (300 mi) long and 320 kilometers (200 mi) wide,[3] and is considered to be one of the driest places on Earth.[4][5][6]

Area of the desert is about 51,800 square kilometres (20,000 sq mi).[7] The other large basin is the Dasht-e Kavir. During the spring wet season, water briefly flows down from the Kerman mountains, but it soon dries up, leaving behind only rocks, sand, and salt.

The eastern part of Dasht-e Lut is a low plateau covered with salt flats. In contrast, the center has been sculpted by the wind into a series of parallel ridges and furrows, extending over 150 km (93 mi) and reaching 75 metres (246 ft) in height.[3] This area is also riddled with ravines and sinkholes. The southeast is a vast expanse of sand, like a Saharan erg, with dunes 300 metres (980 ft) high, among the tallest in the world.[3]

Hottest land surface

Measurements of MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) installed on NASA's satellite "Aqua" from 2003 to 2010 testify that the hottest land surface on Earth is located in Dasht-e Lut and land surface temperatures reach here 70.7 °C (159.3 °F), though the air temperature is cooler.[4][5][6][8][9][10][11] Precision of measurements is 0.5 K to 1 K.[12][13]

The hottest part of Dasht-e Lut is Gandom Beryan, a large plateau covered in dark lava, approximately 480 square kilometres (190 sq mi) in area.[14] According to a local legend, the name (in translation from Persian — "Toasted wheat") originates from an accident where a load of wheat was left in the desert which was then scorched by the heat in a few days.[15]

See also

Further reading

References

  1. ^ Mildrexler, D.; M. Zhao and S. W. Running (October 2006). "Where Are the Hottest Spots on Earth?". EOS 87 (43): 461, 467.  
  2. ^ Mildrexler, D.; M. Zhao and S. W. Running (2011). "Satellite Finds Highest Land Skin Temperatures on Earth". Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 92: 850–860.  
  3. ^ a b c editors, Richard L. Scheffel, Susan J. Wernert ; writers, Oliver E. Allen ... et al. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. The Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 117.  
  4. ^ a b Satellites seek global hot spots / The Christian Science Monitor - CSMonitor.com
  5. ^ a b Temperature of Earth
  6. ^ a b Images of the Day - Images - redOrbit
  7. ^ Wright, John W. (ed.) (2006). The New York Times Almanac (2007 ed.). New York, New York: Penguin Books. p. 456.  
  8. ^ The Hottest Spot on Earth : Image of the Day
  9. ^ http://www.weather.ir/english/
  10. ^ Iran Climate, Average Monthly Temperatures, Rainfall, Sunshine Hours, Graphs
  11. ^ No Operation
  12. ^ http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/dataprod/dataproducts.php?MOD_NUMBER=11 MOD 11 - Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity, MODIS Website
  13. ^ http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/atbd/atbd_mod11.pdf Zhengming Wan, MODIS Land-Surface Temperature Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (LST ATBD) Version 3.3. April 1999
  14. ^ http://www.iranreview.org/content/view/1067/51/ A Journey To Earth's Hottest Point
  15. ^ "Gandom Beryan in Lut Desert - hottest place on Earth". Wondermondo. 1 November 2010 

External links

  • NASA image and info
  • NASA survey on temperatures around the globe

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