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Denbighshire

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Denbighshire

Denbighshire (Welsh: Sir Ddinbych) is a county in north-east Wales. It is named after the historic county of Denbighshire, but has substantially different borders. Denbighshire has the distinction of being the oldest known inhabited part of Wales. Pontnewydd (Bontnewydd-Llanelwy) Palaeolithic site has remains of Neanderthals from 225,000 years ago. There are several castles in the region: Denbigh Castle, Rhuddlan Castle, Ruthin Castle, Castell Dinas Bran and Bodelwyddan Castle. One of Britain's smallest cathedrals is at St Asaph, itself one of the smallest cities.

Contents

  • Formation 1
  • Geography 2
  • Population 3
  • Economy 4
  • Notable people who lived in Denbighshire 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Formation

The present principal area was formed on 1 April 1996, under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, from various parts of the county of Clwyd. It included the district of Rhuddlan (which was formed in 1974 entirely from Flintshire), the communities of Trefnant and Cefn Meiriadog from the district of Colwyn (which was entirely Denbighshire) and most of the Glyndŵr district. The part of the Glyndŵr district included the entirety of the former Edeyrnion Rural District, which was part of the administrative county of Merionethshire prior to 1974 – which covered the parishes of Betws Gwerfil Goch, Corwen, Gwyddelwern, Llangar, Llandrillo yn Edeirnion and Llansanffraid.

Other principal areas containing part of historic Denbighshire are Conwy, which picked up the remainder of the 1974–1996 Colwyn, and also the Denbighshire parts of the 1974–1996 Aberconwy, and Wrexham, which corresponds to the pre-1974 borough of Wrexham along with most of the Wrexham Rural District and also several parishes from Glyndŵr.

The post-1996 Powys includes the historic Denbighshire parishes of Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant, Llansilin and Llangedwyn, which had formed part of Glyndŵr district.

Geography

See List of places in Denbighshire for a list of towns and villages.

The area is mostly hilly moorland, with the Clwydian Range in the east, the Hiraethog Moors (Mynydd Hiraethog) in the west and the Berwyn range adjacent to the southern boundary. The broad, fertile Vale of Clwyd runs south to north in the centre, and there is a narrow coastal plain in the north. Average temperatures are 2°C in January and 19°C in July.

Population

Denbighshire's total population at the United Kingdom Census 2001 was 93,065, increasing to 93,734 at the 2011 census,[1] with the largest towns on the coast at Rhyl (2001 pop. c.25,000) and Prestatyn (2001 pop. c.18,000). The inland towns are much smaller, Denbigh having 2001 populations of 8,500, Ruthin 5,000, and Llangollen 3,300. Welsh is spoken by 28% of the population, mainly in the upland area and the Vale of Clwyd. The county has seen a substantial influx from across the border to the extent that 38% of the population were born in England.

Economy

Since the 20th century demise of the coal and steel industries in the Wrexham area, there are no heavy industrial sites in the county although most of the towns have small industrial parks or estates for light industry, the economy of the area being based on agriculture and tourism. A large proportion of the working population is employed in the service sector. The uplands support the rearing of sheep and beef cattle, while in the Vale of Clwyd dairy farming and the growing of wheat and barley crops predominates.

On 19 November 2004 Denbighshire was granted Fairtrade County status.

Denbighshire is home to Wales' largest Medieval Festival, staged annually over the second weekend in August at Bodelwyddan Castle. It attracts re-enactment groups from all over the country.

Notable people who lived in Denbighshire

See also

References

  1. ^ "Local Authority population 2011". Retrieved 22 May 2015. 

External links

  • Denbighshire at DMOZ
  • [2] Denbighshire landscape

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