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Denmark Strait

Pack ice in the Denmark Strait

The Denmark Strait or Greenland Strait (Danish: Danmarksstrædet, Icelandic: Grænlandssund, the latter meaning Greenland Sound) is an oceanic strait between Iceland (to its southeast) and Greenland (to its northwest). The Norwegian island of Jan Mayen lies northeast of the strait.

It connects the Cape Nansen, 132 km (82 miles) southwest of Cape Tunipier. From Straumnes to Cape Nansen the distance is 336 km (209 miles).

The narrow depth, where the Greenland-Iceland Rise runs on the bottom of the sea, is 625 feet (191 m). The cold East Greenland Current passes through the strait and carries icebergs south into the North Atlantic. It hosts important fisheries.

The world's largest underwater waterfall, flows down the Western side of the Denmark Strait, known as the Denmark Strait cataract.[1]

Location map

During World War II, the Battle of the Denmark Strait took place on 24 May 1941. The German battleship Bismarck sank the British battlecruiser HMS Hood, which exploded with the loss of all but three of its 1,418 crew; HMS Prince of Wales was seriously damaged in the engagement. Bismarck entered the Atlantic through the Strait but damage sustained in the battle, combined with British aircraft search and destroy missions, led to its sinking three days later.


  1. ^ To the Denmark Strait: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

See also

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