World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Detroit Masonic Temple

Article Id: WHEBN0006695634
Reproduction Date:

Title: Detroit Masonic Temple  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cass Park Historic District, Midtown Detroit, Performing arts in Detroit, Theatre Bizarre, Orchestra Hall (Detroit)
Collection: Buildings with Sculpture by Corrado Parducci, Clubhouses on the National Register of Historic Places in Michigan, Concert Halls in Michigan, Concert Halls in the United States, Convention Centers in Michigan, Culture of Detroit, Michigan, Event Venues Established in 1922, Gothic Revival Architecture in Michigan, Historic District Contributing Properties in Michigan, Limestone Buildings, Limestone Buildings in the United States, Masonic Buildings Completed in 1922, Masonic Buildings in Michigan, Michigan State Historic Sites in Wayne County, Michigan, Music Venues in Michigan, National Register of Historic Places in Wayne County, Michigan, Performing Arts Centers in Michigan, Skyscrapers in Detroit, Michigan, Theatres in Detroit, Michigan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Detroit Masonic Temple

Detroit Masonic Temple
Location 500 Temple Street
Detroit, Michigan
Coordinates
Built 1922
Architect George D. Mason
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Governing body Detroit Masonic Temple Association
Part of Cass Park Historic District (#04001580)
NRHP Reference # 80001920
MSHS # P25067
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 11, 1980
Designated MSHS January 24, 1964

The Detroit Masonic Temple is the world's largest George D. Mason designed the theatre,as well as the whole structure which contains a 55-by-100-foot (17 m × 30 m) stage, one of the largest in the country.

Detroit Masonic Temple was designed in the neo-gothic architectural style, using a great deal of limestone. The ritual building features 16 floors, stands 210 feet (64 m) tall, with 1037 rooms. It dominates the skyline in an area known as Cass Corridor, across Temple Street from Cass Park, and Cass Technical High School. It is within walking distance of the MotorCity Casino Hotel.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Architecture 2
  • Gallery 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6

History

The Masonic Temple Association was incorporated in Detroit in 1894. It moved into its first temple, on Lafayette Boulevard at First Street, in 1896. Outgrowing these quarters, the Association purchased land on Bagg Street (now Temple Avenue) to build a new temple that would also include a public theater. Fund-raising for construction of the building raised $2.5 million, and ground-breaking took place on Thanksgiving Day, 1920.[4] The cornerstone was placed on September 19, 1922, using the same trowel that United States Capitol in Washington D.C.. The building was dedicated on Thanksgiving Day, 1926.

The horseshoe-shaped auditorium originally had a capacity of 5,000. Due to poor sight lines along the sides of the stage, nearly 600 seats were removed (or never used), reducing maximum seating to 4,404.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980,[5] and is part of the Cass Park Historic District, which was established in 2005.[6]

In April 2013, the building was reported to be in foreclosure over $152,000 in back taxes owed to Wayne County.[7] The debt was paid off in May 2013, and in June 2013, it was revealed that $142,000 of the bill was footed by singer-songwriter Jack White, a Detroit native known for his work with The White Stripes. He wanted to help the temple in its time of need as they had helped his mother in a time of need: the temple gave her a job as an usher in the theater when she was struggling to find work. In response, the Detroit Masonic Temple Association renamed its Scottish Rite cathedral the Jack White Theater.[8][9][10]

Architecture

The Detroit Masonic Temple is the largest Masonic Temple in the world since 1939, when the Chicago Masonic Temple was demolished. The stage of the auditorium is the second largest in the United States, having a width between walls of 100 feet and a depth from the curtain line of 55 feet.

The large complex includes a 16-story 210-foot (64 m) ritual building connected to a 10-story wing for the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, commonly known as Shriners by the 7-story Auditorium Building. In between these areas are a 1,586-seat Scottish Rite Cathedral, and a 17,500-square-foot (1,630 m2) drill hall used for trade shows and conventions. The drill hall is also home to the Detroit Derby Girls.[11] The drill hall has a floating floor, where the entire floor is laid on felt cushions. This type of construction, also known as a sprung floor, provides 'give' to the floor which tends to relieve the marchers.

The building houses two ballrooms: the Crystal Ballroom and the Fountain Ballroom which measures 17,264 square feet (1,603.9 m2) and accommodates up to 1,000 people. There is also an unfinished theatre located in the top floor of the tower, that would have seated about 700.

There are seven "Craft Lodge Rooms," all with different decorative treatments, the motifs of decoration being taken from the Egyptian, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Italian Renaissance, Byzantine, Gothic and Romanesque styles. All of the artwork throughout the building, especially the decorated ceilings was done under the direction of Italian artists. There is also a Royal Arch room, and a Commandery Asylum for the Knights Templar.

The Scottish Rite Cathedral has a seating capacity of 1600. Its stage is 64-feet wide from wall to wall, with a depth of 37 feet from the foot lights.

Architect neo-gothic architectural style, and is faced with Indiana limestone.[4] Although there are few Masonic buildings in the Gothic style, the architect believed that Gothic best exemplified Masonic traditions.[4]

Much of the stone, plaster and metal work in the interior of the building was designed and executed by architectural sculptor Corrado Parducci. The three figures over the main entrance were by Leo Friedlander, while the rest of the considerable architectural sculpture on the exterior was by Bill Gehrke.

Gallery

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

Architectural details

References

  1. ^ Alex Lundberg, Greg Kowalski: Detroit's Masonic Temple, Arcadia Pub., 2006.
  2. ^ "York Rite Sovereign College of North America". YRSCNA. Retrieved 2013-06-05. 
  3. ^ "Facilities". The Masonic Temple Detroit. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Zietz, Karyl Lynn (1996). The National Trust Guide to Great Opera Houses in America, p. 103. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  6. ^ "Cass Park Historic District" (PDF). Michigan's  
  7. ^ Aguilar, Louis (25 April 2013). "Detroit's Masonic Temple in foreclosure". The Detroit News. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Gallagher, John (June 4, 2013). "Mystery solved: Jack White paid Masonic Temple back taxes, theater to be renamed".  
  9. ^ "Jack White pays Detroit Masonic Temple's tax bill Detroit". Associated Press. June 4, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-04. 
  10. ^ "Jack White pays tax bill to save historic Detroit property". The Marquee Blog. CNN. June 5, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-05. 
  11. ^ "Tickets for Individual Bouts".  

Further reading

  • Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press.  
  • Kvaran, Einar Einarsson. Architectural Sculpture in America. unpublished. 
  • Lundberg, Alex and Greg Kowalski (2006). Detroit's Masonic Temple. Arcadia Publishing.  
  • Meyer, Katherine Mattingly and Martin C.P. McElroy with Introduction by W. Hawkins Ferry, Hon A.I.A. (1980). Detroit Architecture A.I.A. Guide Revised Edition. Wayne State University Press.  
  • Masonic Temple Association of Detroit (1926). Masonic Temple: A.D. 1926, A.L. 5926. 32-page pamphlet.  

External links

  • Detroit Masonic Temple website (photo section)
  • Detroit Lodge No. 2 F&AM – Detroit Masonic Temple Archive
  • Moslem Shrine Temple
  • Detroit Masonic Temple details at Emporis.com
  • SkyscraperPage.com's Profile on Detroit Masonic Temple
  • Interior photographs of the Detroit Masonic Temple
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.