World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Devin, Bulgaria

Article Id: WHEBN0005091301
Reproduction Date:

Title: Devin, Bulgaria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dospat Reservoir, Tsankov Kamak Hydro Power Plant, Salonica Vilayet, Rhodope Mountains, Madan, Smolyan Province
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Devin, Bulgaria

Devin, Bulgaria
Panoramic view over Devin
Panoramic view over Devin
Devin, Bulgaria is located in Bulgaria
Devin, Bulgaria
Location of Devin, Bulgaria
Coordinates:
Country Bulgaria
Provinces
(Oblast)
Smolyan
Government
 • Mayor Zdravko Vasilev
Elevation 715 m (2,346 ft)
Population (31.12.2009)[1]
 • Total 7,054
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 4800
Area code(s) 03041
Website http://www.devin-bg.net

Devin (Bulgarian: Девин ) is a spa town in Smolyan Province in the far south of Bulgaria. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Devin Municipality. As of December 2009, the town has a population of 7,054 inhabitants.[1]

Contents

  • Location and geography 1
  • Attractions 2
  • Economy 3
  • History 4
  • Honour 5
  • Notable natives 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8
  • Sources 9

Location and geography

Devin is located in the central part of the Rhodope Mountains in the valley of the Vacha River, 45 km from the city of Smolyan. Devin is also at a distance of 220 km from Sofia and 70 km from Plovdiv. The town itself is located in the vicinity of the popular ski resort of Pamporovo which is 35 km east of Devin.

The Devinska river runs through it and numerous other brooks and rivers (namely Krichim, Muglenska and Trigradska) are found nearby, all tributaries of the Vacha river. The altitude is uneven owing to the mountainous location, ranging from 684 m to around 800 m above sea level.

Devin's climate is described as having mild winters, cool summers with prolonged spells of sunny days. The air is pleasantly cool and crisp and humidity is normal. The mean annual temperature is 4 to 10 °C, depending on altitude. The lowest winter temperature is around -10 °C while the maximum summer temperature is in the region of 30 to 33°C. Devin is protected from cold and violent westerly and north westerly winds due to the ridges that surround the town.

Attractions

Devin is a popular tourist attraction. There is an abundance of hot springs and hence spa resorts in the area. The region was known in antiquity for the healing properties of its mineral springs. The waters have been claimed to treat and heal a variety of maladies: conditions of the skeletal, peripheral nervous, cardiovascular and pulmonary systems, skin disorders and others. In addition to these, the water is drunk or inhaled in the treatment of respiratory diseases, allergies and infections. The conditions available in Devin make it a centre for recovery and stabilising health.

A popular brand of mineral water being sold under the name Devin is bottled there.

The situation of Devin offers access to nearby gorges, rock formations, caves, forests, natural reserves with protected and endemic species, and most of all, clean air. Namely Devil's Throat Cave and Yagodinska cave. The Trigrad-Yagodina region has a karst scenery and has tens of other, albeit inhospitable, caves and rock formations. The protected region "Chairité" attracts visitors with an abundance of lakes, meadows and spruce and beech forests, one of which is called "the Drunken Forest" (Bulgarian: Пияната гора.) "Kastraklii", "Kazanite" and "Shabanitza" are natural reserves in the region around Devin with centuries-old pine and spruce forests and protected plant and animal communities.

Economy

There is a great deal of hydroelectric construction in the area. Agriculture is highly developed. Dairy cattle rearing, fish farming, mushroom picking and cultivation, potato growing and others are of significance to the local economy.

History

Interior of a mosque in Devin

Between 1878 and 1886, Devin formed a part of the short-lived and unrecognised Republic of Tamrash, an entity created by the local Pomaks who rejected the creation of Eastern Rumelia (to which it would have belonged). Although all within the Ottoman Empire, the regions were largely self-governing and Tamrash would maintain warm relations with the Ottoman authorities. Following the Bulgarian unification with Eastern Rumelia, Bulgaria occupied Tamrash with the intent of reintegrating the territories, but the Ottoman recognition of Bulgaria's new borders (de facto independent though nominally within the Ottoman Empire) meant that Devin - with the rest of the Tamrash region plus other rebelling Turkish villages - would be reincorporated into Ottoman society.

It was a kaza centre in the Sanjak of Drama in the Vilayet of Salonika before the Balkan Wars as "Ropçoz". The first Bulgarian school in Devin was founded in 1914 and the Rodopska Prosveta Community Centre (chitalishte) followed in 1923.

Honour

Devin Saddle on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Devin.

Notable natives

References

  1. ^ a b (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - towns in 2009

External links

  • Snimki ot Devin - A video slideshow of photographs from Devin.
  • User-submitted photographs from Devin.

Sources

This page contains translations and data from:

  • (Bulgarian)Devin's website
  • (Bulgarian)Bulgarian WorldHeritage.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.