World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Dezső Kosztolányi

Dezső Kosztolányi (date of photograph unknown); from Ten Years of Radio (1935)

Dezső Kosztolányi (pronounced ; March 29, 1885 – November 3, 1936) was a Hungarian poet and prose-writer.

Biography

Kosztolányi was born in Szabadka, Austria-Hungary (today Subotica, Serbia) in 1885. The city serves as a model for the fictional town of Sárszeg, in which he set his novella Skylark as well as The Golden Kite. He is the child of Árpád Kosztolányi (1859-1926), physics and chemistry professor and headmaster of a school and Eulália Brenner (1866-1948) who was of French origin. He started high school in Szabadka but because of a conflict with his teacher he got expelled, and so he graduated as a private student in Szeged. Kosztolányi moved to Budapest in 1903 where studied at the University of Budapest, where he met the poets Mihály Babits and Gyula Juhász, and later for a short time in Vienna before quitting and becoming a journalist - a profession he continued for the rest of his life. In 1908, he replaced the poet Endre Ady, who had left for Paris, as a reporter for a Budapest daily. In 1910, his first volume of poems The Complaints of a Poor Little Child brought nationwide success and marked the beginning of a prolific period in which he published a book nearly every year. He met the actress Ilona Harmos in the winter of 1910; they got married on 8 May 1913. In 1936, he died from cancer of the palate.

Writings

The literary journal Nyugat (Hungarian for "West"), which played an invaluable role in the revitalization of Hungarian literature, was founded in 1908 and Kosztolányi was an early contributor, part of what is often called the "first Nyugat generation", publishing mainly in poetry.

Starting in the 1920s he wrote novels, short stories, and short prose works, including Nero, the Bloody Poet (to the German edition of which Thomas Mann wrote the introduction), Skylark, The Golden Kite, Kornél Esti and Anna Édes. In 1924 he published a volume of verse harkening back to his early work, entitled The Complaints of the Sad Man.

Kosztolányi also produced literary translations in Hungarian, such as (from English, at least) Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet", "The Winter's Tale", Lewis Carroll's "Alice in Wonderland", Thornton Wilder's "The Bridge of San Luis Rey", Lord Alfred Douglas' memoirs on Oscar Wilde and Rudyard Kipling's "If—". He was the first authentic translator of Rilke's poetry, and he worked a Hungarian masterpiece after Paul Valéry's "Cimetiere Marin".

Bibliography

  • Kornel Esti. New Directions, 2011.
  • Skylark. NYRB Books, 2010.
  • Anna Edes. Quartet, 1991.
  • Darker Muses: The Poet Nero. The Book Service LTD, 1990.

External links

  • is only for quoting in talk and project pages. Do not use it in actual articles. Works by Dezső Kosztolányi at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about Dezső Kosztolányi at Internet Archive
  • Works by author at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
  • Dawnstruck (translation of his poem)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.