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Dinotefuran

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Title: Dinotefuran  
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Subject: Neonicotinoid, Insecticides, Attractive toxic sugar baits, Benzoylurea, Empenthrin
Collection: Insecticides, Nitroguanidines, Veterinary Drugs
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Dinotefuran

Dinotefuran
Names
IUPAC name
2-methyl-1-nitro-3-[(tetrahydro-3-furanyl) methyl] guanidine
Other names
(RS)-1-methyl-2-nitro-3-[(tetrahydro-3-furanyl) methyl] guanidine; MTI-446
Identifiers
 N
ChEBI  YesY
ChemSpider  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG  YesY
PubChem
Properties[1]
C7H14N4O3
Molar mass 202.21 g·mol−1
Melting point 107.5
39.83 g/L
Hazards
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
LD50 (Median dose)
≥2000 mg/kg (oral, rat and mouse)[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 N  (: YesY/N?)

Dinotefuran is an insecticide of the neonicotinoid class developed by Mitsui Chemicals for control of insect pests such as aphids, whiteflies, thrips, leafhoppers, leafminers, sawflies, mole cricket, white grubs, lacebugs, billbugs, beetles, mealybugs, and cockroaches on leafy vegetables, in residential and commercial buildings, and for professional turf management.[2] Its mechanism of action involves disruption of the insect's nervous system by inhibiting nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. In order to avoid harming beneficial insects such as bees, it should not be applied during bloom. [3]

In July of 2013, the state of Oregon temporarily restricted the use of dinotefuran pending the results of an investigation into a large bee kill.[4]

Dinotefuran is also used in veterinary medicine as a flea and tick preventative for dogs and as a flea preventative for cats. It is used in combination with pyriproxifen or permethrin.

References

  1. ^ a b Dinotefuran, Mitsui Chemicals
  2. ^ Dinotefuran Pesticide Fact Sheet, United States Environmental Protection Agency
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Oregon Restricts Use of Certain Dinotefuran Pesticides", Pest Control Technology, 2 July 2013
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