World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Diphthamide

Article Id: WHEBN0011698208
Reproduction Date:

Title: Diphthamide  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Diphtheria, Quaternary ammonium compounds, Polyglutamylation, Polyglycylation, Detyrosination
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Diphthamide

Diphthamide
Identifiers
CAS number  YesY
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Image 2
Properties
Molecular formula C13H23N5O3
Molar mass 297.35 g mol−1
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY   YesY/N?)

Diphthamide is a modified histidine amino acid found in eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF-2).

It is usually found at position H715 in mammalian eEF2 (H699 in yeast). This residue is modified by the protein encoded by the DPH1 (OVCA1) gene. Dph1 knockout mice are inviable while heterozygotes develop diverse types of carcinomas and sarcomas. In humans, DH1 is frequently found mutated in ovarian cancer. Loss of heterozygosity has taken place in 50% of benign tumours, and 90% of end-stage ovarian tumours.

It is ADP-ribosylated by diphtheria toxin, hence the name, which renders the elongation factor inactive.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.