World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Domenikon massacre

The Domenikon Massacre was a violent reprisal by the Italian Royal Army on February 16-17, 1943 during Italy's occupation of Greece following the Greco-Italian War, in which about 150 civilians were killed. The incident represents one of the worst Italian war crimes during World War II.

Events

Domenikon is a village in central Greece in Thessaly. When Greek partisans attacked Italian forces and killed Italian soldiers, General Cesare Benelli, commander of the Pinerolo Division, ordered an action in reprisal. Hundreds of Italian soldiers surrounded the village and searched it house to house. They captured more than 150 men, ranging from 14 to 80 years of age. They held them as hostages well into the night and then proceeded to execute them.[1]

This event was not an isolated incident. According to historian Lidia Santarelli, it was the first in a series of repressive measures carried out in the spring and summer of 1943, following an order by General Carlo Geloso, commander of the Italian forces of occupation, whereby anti-rebel action would result in collective punishment.[1] The order was based on the notion that in order to crush the Greek partisan movement, whole local communities had to be wiped out.

Aftermath

After the Italian capitulation in 1943, German forces moved immediately to take over the Italian occupation zone. Most of the Italian occupying divisions surrendered to the numerically inferior Germans, but notably, the Pinerolo Division, responsible for the Domenikon Massacre, was the only one to join sides with the Greek Resistance.[2]


This page of history was long forgotten. Interest was renewed when documentary film-maker Giovanni Donfrancesco made La guerra sporca di Mussolini (Mussolini’s Dirty War), which was first broadcast on 14 March 2008 on the History Channel.[1]

In Italy the documentary was never shown because Italy’s public broadcaster RAI was not interested in the project, but large private broadcaster Rete 4 shown the documentary on 3 January 2010 .[1] On 16 February 2009, Italy apologised to Greece (through its ambassador in Athens) for the massacre.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Article about the massacre on L'espresso, italian magazine
  2. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=-UttMMRXi9AC&pg=PT141&lpg=PT141&dq=pinerolo+division+join+resistance&source=bl&ots=cnZnbNE_PF&sig=DmYO7bv6reBoiNinPQt0P110Jz8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=I6zuUaqdHM_Lsga0vYHoBA&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=pinerolo%20division%20join%20resistance&f=false
  3. ^ nntp.it

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.