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Donald Kagan

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Title: Donald Kagan  
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Subject: Arnaldo Momigliano, Project for the New American Century, Areopagite constitution, Thucydides, son of Melesias, Thrasyllus
Collection: 1932 Births, 20Th-Century American Historians, 20Th-Century American Writers, 20Th-Century Historians, 21St-Century American Historians, 21St-Century American Writers, 21St-Century Historians, American Classical Scholars, American Jews, American Male Writers, American Military Historians, American People of Lithuanian-Jewish Descent, Brooklyn College Alumni, Brown University Alumni, Classical Scholars of Yale University, Connecticut Republicans, Cornell University Department of History Faculty, Jewish American Historians, Lithuanian Emigrants to the United States, Lithuanian Jews, Living People, National Humanities Medal Recipients, Ohio State University Alumni, People from Brooklyn, People from Kuršėnai, Scholars of Ancient Greek History, Writers from New Haven, Connecticut
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Donald Kagan

Donald Kagan
Born (1932-05-01) May 1, 1932
Kuršėnai, Lithuania
Nationality American
Fields Classics
Institutions Cornell University
Yale University
Alma mater Brooklyn College
Brown University
Ohio State University
Known for History of the Peloponnesian War
Notable awards National Humanities Medal, 2002

Donald Kagan (; born May 1, 1932) is an American historian and classicist at Yale University specializing in ancient Greece, notable for his four-volume history of the Peloponnesian War. He formerly taught in the Department of History at Cornell University. At present, Kagan is considered among the foremost American scholars of Greek history.


  • Biography 1
  • Positions held 2
  • Works 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Born into a Jewish family from Kuršėnai, Lithuania, Kagan grew up in the Brownsville section of Brooklyn, New York, where his family emigrated when he was two years old, shortly after the death of his father. He graduated from Brooklyn College in 1954, received an MA from Brown University in 1955 and a PhD from the Ohio State University in 1958.[1]

Once a liberal Democrat, Kagan changed his views in 1969. According to Jim Lobe, cited by Craig Unger, Kagan's turn away from liberalism occurred in 1969 when Cornell University was pressured into starting a Black Studies program by gun-wielding militants seizing the Willard Straight Hall: "Watching administrators demonstrate all the courage of Neville Chamberlain had a great impact on me, and I became much more conservative."[2] He was one of the original signers of the 1997 Statement of Principles by the neoconservative think tank Project for the New American Century, co-founded by his son Robert Kagan.[3][4] On the eve of the 2000 presidential elections, Kagan and his son, Frederick Kagan, published While America Sleeps, a call to increase defense spending.


Until his retirement in 2013, Kagan was Sterling Professor of Classics and History at Yale University—a title reserved for only the few most accomplished academics at Yale. His course "The Origins of War" was one of the university's most popular courses for twenty-five years. He currently teaches "Introduction to Ancient Greek History"[9] and upper level History and Classical Civilization seminars focusing on topics from Thucydides to the Lakedaimonian hegemony.

Kagan lives in New Haven, Connecticut. He is married to Myrna Kagan, a teacher and historian in her own right, and the author of "Vision in the Sky: New Haven's Early Years, 1638-1784." He is the father of Robert Kagan and Frederick Kagan, both well-known writers. Robert Kagan's wife is Victoria Nuland, the State Department spokesperson from 2011 to 2013 and the current Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs. Frederick Kagan's wife is Kimberly Kagan, a well-known military historian and founder and president of the Institute for the Study of War.

Positions held

  • 1987–1988 Acting Director of Athletics, Yale University
  • 1989–1992 Dean, Yale College


  • Kagan, Donald. (1965). The Great Dialogue: A History of Greek Political Thought from Homer to Polybius. New York: Free Press.
  • Kagan, Donald. (1969). The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-0501-7.
  • Kagan, Donald. (1974). The Archidamian War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-0889-X.
  • Kagan, Donald. (1981). The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-1367-2.
  • Kagan, Donald. (1987). The Fall of the Athenian Empire. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-1935-2
  • Kagan, Donald. (1991). Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy. New York: The Free Press. ISBN 0-684-86395-2.
  • Kagan, Donald. (1995). On the Origins of War and the Preservation of Peace. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-42374-8.
  • Kagan, Donald and Kagan, Frederick. (2000). While America Sleeps. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-20624-0.
  • Kagan, Donald, Craig, Albert M., Graham, William A., Ozment, Steven, and Turner, Frank M. (2000). The Heritage of World Civilizations.
  • Kagan, Donald, Ozment, Steven, and Turner, Frank M.. (2003). The Western Heritage. New York: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-182839-8.
  • Kagan, Donald. (2003). The Peloponnesian War. New York: Viking Press. ISBN 0-670-03211-5.
  • Kagan, Donald. (2009). Thucydides: The Reinvention of History. New York: Viking Press. ISBN 0-670-02129-6.


  1. ^ "Lion in Winter". April 2002. Retrieved 2007-08-19. 
  2. ^ Craig Unger (2007). American Armageddon. Simon and Schuster. p. 39. 
  3. ^ "Statement of Principles". Retrieved 2007-08-19. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ Jefferson Lecturers at NEH Website (retrieved January 22, 2009).
  6. ^ Donald Kagan,"In Defense of History," text of Jefferson Lecture at NEH website.
  7. ^ Philip Kennicott, "Yale Historian Donald Kagan, Mixing the Old And the Neo," Washington Post, May 13, 2005.
  8. ^ Washington Post, May 19, 2005.
  9. ^ Donald Kagan's Course at Open Yale Courses

External links

  • Kagan Classics faculty page at Yale
  • Ancient Greek History video course with Prof. Donald Kagan from Open Yale Courses
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
  • NEH biography
  • , March 12, 1995.On the Origins of War interview with Kagan on Booknotes
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