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Dunmore County, Virginia

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Dunmore County, Virginia

Shenandoah County, Virginia
Shenandoah County Courthouse in Woodstock, Virginia
Seal of Shenandoah County, Virginia
Seal
Virginia

Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1772
Named for Senedos Indian tribe
Seat Woodstock
Area
 • Total 513 sq mi (1,329 km2)
 • Land 512 sq mi (1,326 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2), 0.06%
Population
 • (2010) 41,993
 • Density 67/sq mi (26/km²)
Congressional district , ,
Time zone
Website

Shenandoah County (formerly Dunmore County) is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is part of the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia. As of 2010, the population was 41,993.[1] Its county seat is Woodstock[2].

History

The Senedos, possibly an Iroquoian group, are thought to have been seated in the area at one time, until they were said to have been slaughtered by the Catawba in the later 17th century. The name of both the Valley and of the County is most likely connected with this Native American group. The entire Shenandoah Valley was formally purchased from the Six Nations Iroquois by Colonial Governor Gooch at the Treaty of Lancaster in 1744, but European settlement had already begun by that time. Shawnee attacks reached as far east as the current county during Pontiac's War (1763-1766).

Shenandoah County was established in 1772. It was originally named Dunmore County for Virginia Governor John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore. Woodstock was the county seat. Dunmore was Virginia's last royal governor, and was forced from office during the American Revolution. The county was renamed Shenandoah in 1778.

During the Civil War, the Battle of New Market took place May 15, 1864.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 513 square miles (1,327 km²), of which 512 square miles (1,327 km²) is land and 0 square miles (1 km²) (0.06%) is water. The Fort Valley and western slopes of the Massanutten Mountain are located within the county.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
179010,510
180013,82331.5%
181013,646−1.3%
182018,92638.7%
183019,7504.4%
184011,618−41.2%
185013,76818.5%
186013,8960.9%
187014,9367.5%
188018,20421.9%
189019,6718.1%
190020,2533.0%
191020,9423.4%
192020,808−0.6%
193020,655−0.7%
194020,8981.2%
195021,1691.3%
196021,8253.1%
197022,8524.7%
198027,55920.6%
199031,63614.8%
200035,07510.9%
201041,99319.7%

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 35,075 people, 14,296 households, and 10,064 families residing in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 16,709 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.60% White, 1.17% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.79% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 3.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,296 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,173, and the median income for a family was $45,080. Males had a median income of $29,952 versus $22,312 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,755. About 5.80% of families and 8.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.10% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

  • Linden.

Major highways

Education

Private

Secondary Institutions

Primary Institutions

  • Shenandoah Valley Adventist Elementary School
  • Community Christian School Of The Shenandoah Valley
  • Community Christian School
  • Valley Baptist Christian School

Public

High schools

Elementary and Middle Schools

  • W.W. Robinson Elementary School
  • Peter Muhlenberg Middle School
  • Ashby Lee Elementary School
  • North Fork Middle School
  • Sandy Hook Elementary School
  • Signal Knob Middle School

Other

  • Triplett Tech
  • Massanutten Regional Governor's School

Towns

Incorporated towns

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

Coordinates: 38°52′N 78°34′W / 38.86°N 78.57°W / 38.86; -78.57

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