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Duquesne Country and Athletic Club

Duquesne Country and Athletic Club
Founded 1895
Folded 1900
Based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
League Western Pennsylvania Circuit
Team History Duquesne Country and Athletic Club
Team Colors Red, Black[1]          
General managers William Chase Temple (1895-1900)
Owner(s) Duquesne Country and Athletic Club
William C. Temple
W. Pennsylvania Championship wins (3) (1895, 1898, 1899)
Home field(s) Exposition Park

The Duquesne Country and Athletic Club was a professional football team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from 1895 until 1900. The team was considered one of the best, if not the best, professional football teams in the country from 1898 until 1900. However the team is most famous for being the first football franchise to be owned by an individual, William Chase Temple.[2]


  • Origin 1
  • 1898 2
  • All-star game 3
  • First individual owner 4
  • Move to Homestead 5
  • References 6


The Duquesne Country and Athletic Club, started playing in 1895 and at first intended to use only amateur players. However after four games, before playing the Pittsburgh Athletic Club, they began hiring stars and soon became the most professional team in the city.[3]


Duquesne fielded the best team in Pittsburgh since 1895. In 1898 the Duquesnes decided to build an even better team. After the 1897 season, the club had signed a number of good players to contracts for the next year. However at this time, many of the players went into the army in the spring to fight in the [4]

All-star game

At the end of the 1898 season, [4][1]

First individual owner

When it became apparent around this time that the Duquesnes could not survive financially while paying its players, William C. Temple, its chairman, took over the team payments becoming the first known individual club owner. However in early days of professional football, the public wrongly viewed everyone who was playing for an athletic club, as an amateur. So the date of Temple becoming the first owner is still in question, but it is estimated by historians to be between 1898 and 1901.[3] Several histories have tabbed the 1898 season, when the team was suddenly confronted with more players under contract than they'd expected. While others argue for 1899, when several new stars were hired to keep the team on top. The NFL's official chronology states that in 1900 Temple took over the D.C. & A.C. payments.[5] Temple, a local steel magnate, was also a part owner and president of the [4]

Move to Homestead

The Duquesnes had become the best pro team in Pennsylvania and, almost certainly, in the country. In 1900, A.C. Dinkey stole most of the Duquesne players, as well as Temple, for his [5]


  1. ^ a b c PFRA Research. "Stars Over All-Stars" (Annual). Professional Football Researchers Association. pp. 1–5. 
  2. ^ "Football Chronology II; The First Pros: 1884 to 1903". Coffin Corner (Professional Football Researchers Association) 23 (2): 1–3. 2001. 
  3. ^ a b c Peterson, Robert W. (1997). Pigskin: The Early Years of Pro Football.  
  4. ^ a b c Riffenburgh, Beau and Bob Carroll (1989). "The Birth of Pro Football". Coffin Corner (Professional Football Researchers Association) 11 (Annual): 1–30. 
  5. ^ a b PFRA Research. "The Worst Season Ever, Pittsburgh Pro Teams Find Hard Times: 1900". Coffin Corner (Professional Football Researchers Association) (Annual): 1–2. 
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