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Eagle Harbor, Maryland

Eagle Harbor, Maryland
Town

Location of Eagle Harbor, Maryland
Coordinates:
Country United States
State  Maryland
County Area[1]
 • Total 0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
 • Land 0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 13 ft (4 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 63
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 64
 • Density 525.0/sq mi (202.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 24-24200
GNIS feature ID 0597360

Eagle Harbor is a very small incorporated town in the far southeast corner of United States, and near the rural community of Aquasco that is known as a historic African American community founded in 1925.[4][5] The population was 63 at the 2010 census.[6] The Chalk Point Generating Station, owned by Mirant Corporation, which was sold to Mirant by the Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) in 2000,[7] is located adjacent to the town.

The town's ZIP code is 20608.

Contents

  • Geography 1
    • Climate 1.1
  • History 2
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Education 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Geography

Eagle Harbor is located at (38.566709, -76.686841).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.12 square miles (0.31 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Eagle Harbor has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9]

History

Eagle Harbor was originally known as Trueman Point, a river port established in the early 18th century to serve as a shipping point for Patuxent River. He also built a tobacco warehouse, and ships routinely stopped at Trueman Landing. The steamboat traffic continued into the 1930s.[10] Trueman Point Landing is a local historic site identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission.[10][11]

Located just 30 miles (48 km) from Washington, D.C., in 1925, developer Walter L. Bean purchased land adjoining Trueman Point with the vision of creating a resort community for middle class African Americans from the area. Lots were offered for $50.00 or less, and the community was advertised as "a high class summer colony for the better people."[10] After a number of summer cottages were constructed, the community incorporated as the town of Eagle Harbor in 1929.

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 63 people, 22 households, and 16 families residing in the town. The population density was 525.0 inhabitants per square mile (202.7/km2). There were 58 housing units at an average density of 483.3 per square mile (186.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 7.9% White and 92.1% African American.

There were 22 households of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 22.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 13.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.38.

The median age in the town was 47.8 years. 28.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 1.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.3% were from 25 to 44; 39.6% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 55 people, 24 households, and 15 families residing in the town. The population density was 474.9 people per square mile (177.0/km²). There were 56 housing units at an average density of 483.5 per square mile (180.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 30.91% White, 65.45% African American, 1.82% Native American, and 1.82% from two or more races.

There were 24 households out of which 16.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% were married couples living together, 29.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 20.0% from 25 to 44, 36.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $58,750, and the median income for a family was $65,625. Males had a median income of $80,138 versus $20,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,255. There were 15.4% of families and 22.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 56.3% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Education

Residents who live in Eagle Harbor are zoned to Gwynn Park High School

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Eagle Harbor, Maryland
  5. ^ Eagle Harbor Historic Community from The National Trust for Historic Preservation
  6. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Eagle Harbor town, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Mirant Corp · 8-K · For 12/19/00". Fran Finnegan & Company. 2001-01-03. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Eagle Harbor, Maryland
  10. ^ a b c M-NCPPC African-American Heritage Survey, October 1996: Properties Within or Closely Associated With Historic Communities (Prince George's County, Maryland), 1996.
  11. ^ M-NCPPC Illustrated Inventory of Historic Sites, Trueman Point Landing (Prince George's County, Maryland), 2006, p. 191.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder".  

External links

  • Maryland Manual Online site for Eagle Harbor
  • Maryland Municipal League website for Eagle Harbor
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