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East-West Highway (Malaysia)

 

East-West Highway (Malaysia)

Part of Federal Route 4
East-West Highway
(Gerik-Jeli Highway)
;">Route information
Length:
Existed: 1970[1] – present
History: Completed in 1982
;">Major junctions
West end: Gerik, Perak
  76 Federal Route 76
205 Federal Route 205
66 Federal Route 66
4 Federal Route 4
East end: Jeli, Kelantan
Length:
Length:
Length:
Length:
;">
;">Highway system

East-West Highway (Malay: Lebuhraya Timur-Barat or Jalan Raya Timur-Barat), Federal Route 4 is the 167 kilometres (104 mi) federal highway constructed by the Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) to shorten the journey from Kota Bharu, Kelantan to northwestern towns and cities of Malaysia such as Alor Star, Kedah and Penang. The highway connects Gerik, Perak in the west to Jeli, Kelantan in the east.

Overview

With the opening of the East-West Highway to traffic on 1 July 1982, another milestone in the history of road communication in Peninsular Malaysia was achieved. The construction of the Highway was one of the largest projects undertaken by the JKR and its completion adds to the large mileage of roads in the country providing necessary access to new areas and the infrastructure for development works. The construction of the main Highway was carried out by JKR workers; while the bridges and some of the ancillary works were carried out through contractors.

Before East-West Highway was built, the journey from Alor Star to Kota Bharu may reach over 1,000 kilometres (621 mi), but the highway shortens the distance by about several hundred kilometers. The highway includes Lake Temenggor Bridge which crosses Lake Temenggor, a hydroelectric dam and Pulau Banding, an artificial island.

The East-West Highway is one of the more scenic routes in Peninsular Malaysia, due to its hilly nature. As one enters the Highway, the Titiwangsa Range through which the Highway traverses comes into view in the distant. Traveling along the gentle curves one climbs higher and sees on either side the primary jungle rich with timber. As one proceeds on, the jungle gives way to the huge man-made Lake Temenggor at Banding. Halfway along the Highway the elevation of the road is over 1,100 m above sea level and the weather cool and pleasant. There are even places where road signs are put up to warn motorists of elephants crossing the road.

The completion of the Highway will reduce transport costs and with this the state of Kelantan can expect its tempo of development to be heightened, new towns and industrial areas will be developed. The Highway will provide the access for the extraction of timber from the jungles along the road and help boost tourism among Malaysians as well as foreigners.

History

The East-West Highway was built in the 1970 as a defence-related highway during the Communist Insurgency War from 1968 to 1989. The Malaysian Government, then, introduced a new strategy of fighting the Communist Party of Malaya. It was known as Security and Development, or KESBAN, the local acronym (Program Keselamatan dan Pembangunan), and focused on civil military affairs. Under KESBAN, the government made large efforts to develop rural areas with the implementation of massive development programs such as building roads, schools, hospitals, medical clinics, and public utilities like electricity and water supply.

In October 1969, the JKR was instructed to commence work on the Highway with immediate effect. In early 1970, work started, simultaneously from Gerik and Jeli even before any detailed design or investigations were carried out. Existing earth moving machines from the various states were initially deployed until new machines for the project were purchased. It was only in early 1973 that the full complement of machines and staff were available for the project to proceed. In the early stages, there was military presence in every kilometre. The road was built to cut off the Communist terrorist from the safe havens in Thailand.

Two Base Camps were constructed, one at the Gerik end and the other at the Jeli end. The whole construction staff and their families were housed at these camps. A pilot track was constructed to gain access to the forward areas. This was followed by jungle clearing work by the main earthworks teams. As work progressed and travel time between the work site and Base camp increased, forward camps were set up to house the workers.

During construction, the Highway was sabotaged and ambushed by the Communist terrorists during the Communist insurgency from 1970 to 1982. Many of workers were killed and the buldozers was seriously damaged. The East-West Highway was put under strict security control by Malaysian Army when the Highway was opened in 1 July 1982.[1] Motorists were allowed to use the Highway at daytime only due to security reasons. The military control of the Highway was lifted after the insurgency war was ended in 1989.

The successful completion of the East-West Highway is the result of the sacrifice of workers who had to carry out their jobs under difficult and trying conditions. The JKR wishes to record its deep appreciation to them and to the Security Forces who have all made some personal sacrifices for the development and prosperity of the country.[2]

Memorials

Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) East-West Highway Monument

The Images

Malay

PENGORBANAN DALAM KENANGAN
JALAN RAYA TIMUR BARAT
(1970-1982)

Jalan Raya Timur Barat (Gerik - Jeli) telah dibuka pada lalulintas pada 1hb Julai 1982. Banyak nyawa telah terkorban semasa kerja pembinaan dilaksanakan mulai tahun 1970. Ada yang terkorban semasa kemalangan di tempat kerja dan ada yang diserang oleh pengganas komunis.

Di lokasi ini, 63 buah mesin jentolak tanah telah diletupkan oleh pengganas komunis pada 23hb Mei 1974. Di lokasi ini juga tiga nyawa pekerja JKR telah terkorban dan beberapa lagi cedera dalam serangan pengganas pada 27hb Ogos 1974. Beberapa serangan lain juga telah berlaku di sepanjang jalan raya yang melibatkan pekerja JKR dan anggota pasukan keselamatan. Kita memperingati semua yang telah berkorban nyawa bagi menjayakan pembinaan Jalan Raya Timur Barat ini.

Sila sedekahkan AL-FATIHAH pada orang-orang yang terkorban di sini.

English

THE GREATEST SACRIFICE
EAST-WEST HIGHWAY
(1970-1982)

The East West Highway (Gerik - Jeli) was opened to traffic on 1st July 1982. Many lives have been lost during the construction which was implemented in the year 1970. Some people have died during an accident at work and some people were attacked by communist terrorist.

At this location, about 63 buldozers were blown up by the communist terrorist on 23 May 1974. At this location also three JKR workers were killed and several others wounded in an ambush on 27th August 1974. Several other attacks have occurred along the highway involving the JKR workers and security forces. We commemorate those who have sacrifice their lives for the construction of the East West Highway.

Please remit AL-FATIHAH* for those who lost their lives here.
Note: The word "AL-FATIHAH" is the first chapter of the Qur'an in Islam.

Malaysian Army Insurgency War Memorial

Other memorials include the Images

Specifications

There are 5 major bridges along the Highway. Two of the bridges including the longest, the Lake Temenggor Bridge, span arms of the lake formed by the Temenggor Dam Project. The bridges were designed by ENEX of New Zealand under the Colombo Plan Aid. Construction of 3 of the bridges were undertaken by a foreign contractor while a joint venture between 2 local firms undertook the construction of the remaining 2 bridges. In addition to the above, there are about 280 culverts constructed mainly by departmental workers.

Constructing the Highway was never plain sailing for the JKR. There were many constraints, which slowed down progress. Some 27.5 million cubic meter of earth was required to be cut to construct the Highway, of this over 3.8 million cubic meter was rock, which required drilling and blasting operations for its removal. Hill cuts of over 60 m and valleys over 100 m deep, which required filling was found at many locations. The intensity of the monsoon rains especially in the forward areas reduced time available for construction to 10 months in a year. The East-West Highway is located close to the Malaysia-Thailand Border and is situated in a Security Area. As a result several measures had to be taken and procedures adopted to ensure the safety of the workers and the machines. These too contributed to some delay. The 116 km long Highway, which links the East Coast at Jeli, Kelantan with the West Coast at Gerik, Perak cost RM 396 million. Other details of the project are as follows:

Major Bridges Span

  1. Sungai Rui Bridge: 256m
  2. Lake Temenggor Bridge (West side): 880 m
  3. Lake Temenggor Bridge (East side): 640 m
  4. Upper Sungai Pergau Bridge: 159 m
  5. Lower Sungai Pergau Bridge: 158 m

Road Design Criteria

  • Design speed: 72 km/h
  • Maximum Gradient: 7%
  • Pavement Width: 7.2 m
  • Shoulder Width: 2.3 m

Features


List of junctions and towns

Km Exit Junctions To Remarks
4
0
GERIK (NORTH)
Kampung Bahru Batu Dua
NORTH
76 Pengkalan Hulu
76 Baling
67 Sungai Petani
1 Alor Star

SOUTH
76 Gerik town centre
76 Lenggong
1 Kuala Kangsar
1 Ipoh
E1 AH2 AH2 Kuala Lumpur
Hulu Perak District and Land Office
Majlis Daerah Gerik (MDG) headquarters
Hulu Perak District Police Headquarters
Masjid Jamek Gerik
Town centre
T-Junctions
4 EAST-WEST HIGHWAY
Start/End of highway
Taman Puncak Nilam
Jalan Baling-Gerik WEST
A173
Baling
E15 Kulim
E15 Butterworth
E15 Penang
T-junctions
R&R Hentian Perah Rest and Service Area C* Highway rest and service area
GERIK, BANDAR PERSINGGAHAN
(The Rest Town of Perak)
Kuala Rui SOUTHEAST
A171
Temenggor Dam
T-junctions
Sungai Rui bridge
256 m
Kampung Bendang Riang SOUTHEAST
A171
Temenggor Dam
Junctions
JPJ Malaysian Road Transport Department (JPJ) Kuala Rui weighing station
4
--
----m above sea level
4
--
----m above sea level
Kem Tentera Darat Banding
(Malaysian Army Camp)
----m above sea level
Dataran Juang
Malaysian Army Insurgency War Memorial
Banding Lake Side Inn
----m above sea level
Lake Temenggor Bridge (West side)
880 m
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
PULAU BANDING
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
PULAU BANDING
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
C* T-junctions
Petronas
----m above sea level
PULAU BANDING
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
C* T-junctions
PULAU BANDING
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
Lake Temenggor Bridge (East side)
640 m
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
Belum Forest Reserve
----m above sea level
Air Banun
----m above sea level
Belum Forest Reserve
----m above sea level
R&R Titiwangsa Rest and Service Area
1,050m above sea level
C* Highway rest and service area

Military controlled area
No trespassing
Semi tunnel
----m above sea level
4
--
----m above sea level
Perak Darul Ridzuan
Hulu Perak district border
Gerik sub-district border

Perak-Kelantan border
----m above sea level
Kelantan Darul Naim
Jeli district border
4
--
----m above sea level
R&R Lake Pergau Rest and Service Area
----m above sea level
C* Highway rest and service area
Lake Pergau
Lake Pergau Recreational Centre
----m above sea level
Lake Pergau
Lake Pergau Recreational Centre
C*
T-junctions
TNB Pergau Dam
----m above sea level
Upper Sungai Pergau bridge
159 m
----m above sea level
Kampung Lawar
----m above sea level
WEST
205 Batu Melintang
205 Kalai
T-junctions
Lower Sungai Pergau bridge
158 m
----m above sea level
Kampung Gunong
----m above sea level
WEST
205 Batu Melintang
205 Kalai
T-junctions
Pergau
----m above sea level
4 EAST-WEST HIGHWAY
Start/End of highway
JELI (WEST) SOUTH
66 Jeli town centre
66 Jeli District (Jajahan) and Land Office
Majlis Daerah Jeli (MDJ) headquarters
Jeli District Police Headquarters
Masjid Jamek Daerah Jeli
Town centre
T-Junctions
JELI (EAST) SOUTH
D203
Jeli District (Jajahan) and Land Office
Majlis Daerah Jeli (MDJ) headquarters
Jeli District Police Headquarters
Masjid Jamek Jeli
T-junctions
EAST
4 Tanah Merah
4 Machang
8 Kota Bharu
8 Kuala Krai
4 Pasir Puteh
3 AH18 AH18 Besut
3 AH18 AH18 Kuala Terengganu

Commemorative Events

The East-West Highway Commemorative Postage Stamps

The Commemorative Postage Stamps to mark the opening of the East-West Highway on 1982 was issued by then the Malaysian Postal Services Department (now [1] The denominations for these stamps were 15 cents, 20 cents, and RM 1.00.

See also

References

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