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East Godavari

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East Godavari

East Godavari district
తూర్పు గోదావరి జిల్లా
District

Clockwise from Top Left: Samalkot Kumara Bhimeswara Temple, Antarvedi Beach, Konaseema Paddy Fields, Lord Shiva statue at Talapulamma Lova, Rail Bridges on River Godavari at Rajahmundry, Yeleshwaram Dam
East Godavari district
East Godavari district

Coordinates: 16°34′12″N 82°09′00″E / 16.570°N 82.150°E / 16.570; 82.150Coordinates: 16°34′12″N 82°09′00″E / 16.570°N 82.150°E / 16.570; 82.150

Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Andhra
District East Godavari
Government
 • Collector & District Magistrate Smt. Neetu Kumari Prasad IAS
 • Superintendent of Police N.Shiva Shankar Reddy IPS
Area
 • Total 10,807 km2 (4,173 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 51,51,549
 • Density 480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 533 xxx
Telephone code 91-883,884,885
Climate Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,200 millimetres (47 in)
Avg. annual temperature 26.0 °C (78.8 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 45.9 °C (114.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 23.5 °C (74.3 °F)
Website

East Godavari District (Telugu: తూర్పు గోదావరి జిల్లా) (often abbreviated as E.G.Dist, E.G.Dt) is a district situated on the northeast of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. In Madras Presidency, The district of Rajahmundry was created in 1823. The Rajahmundry district was reorganized in 1859 into two - the Godavari and Krishna districts. Godavari district was further bifurcated into East and West Godavari districts in 1925. Its district headquarters is in Kakinada. It is the most populous district of Andhra Pradesh (out of 23).[1] It was formed in 1925 when the old Godavari district was divided into west and east. In 1959 the Bhadrachalam Revenue Division, consisting of Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godavari district were merged into the Khammam district for geographical contiguity and administrative viability. The district is bounded on the north by Visakhapatnam District, Malkangiri District on the northwest by Khammam District, on the east and south by the Bay of Bengal and on the west by West Godavari District. The small enclave (12 sq mi (30 km²)) of the Yanam district of Puducherry state lies within this district. Greater Rajahmundry and Kakinada are the two large cities in the Godavari districts. East Godavari district is also known as the rice bowl of Andhra Pradesh with lush paddy fields and coconut groves.


History


Early Hindu kingdoms

The district, like the rest of the Deccan was under the Nandas and Mauryas in its early history. After the fall of the Mauryan Empire, the district was under the Sathavahanas until the 3rd century under the famous poet king Hala. Coins found during excavations have revealed the rule of Gautamiputra Satakarni, Vasisthi-putra Pulumayi and Yajna Sri Satakarni. Gupta emperor Samudragupta invaded during the rule of both Pishtapura and Avamukta in the district in 350 A.D. Samudragupta's invasion was followed by the rule of the Mathara Dynasty from 375 to 500. The earliest known ruler of the dynasty was Maharaja Sakthi Varma.

The district passed into the hands of Vishnukundinas during the rule of Vikramendra Varma I during the 5th century. The records indicate that their domain extended over Visakhapatnam, West Godavari, Krishna and Guntur Districts in addition to East Godavari District. Indra Bhattaraka defeated the rulers of Vasistha Kula and re-established Vihsnukundina authority, but was shortly defeated by Kalinga armies. Indra Bhattaraka was followed to the throne by a few others, including Madha Varma III and Manchanna Bhattaraka, who tried to restore their kingdom. Madhava Varma III was the last important ruler of this family.

There are lot of Princely States and Zamindaris in East Godavari, who are successors to the Suryavanshi Kings of Rajputana, migrated in early 12th century. Famous Zamindaris are Peddapuram, Tuni, Ramachandrapuram. They are Vatsavai Kings and carry titles of Jagapathi's.

Chalukyas and Cholas

The Pulakesin II of Badami Chalukyas and his brother Kubja Vishnu Vardhana acquired Pistapura in the 7th century. The Eastern Chalukya dynasty, founded by Kubja Vishnu Vardhana, ruled at first form Pistapura, then from Vengi, and later from Rajahmundry. Many rulers held sway over the kingdom and their history is at times largely a record of disputes over succession. Chalukya Bhima I of this dynasty built a Shiva temple at Draksha Ramam. Jata Choda Bhima of Peda Kallu (Kurnool District) killed Danarnava of this dynasty and occupied Vengi in 973 A.D. Danarnava's two sons, Sakti Varma I and Vimala Aditya, fled from the kingdom and took refuge in the court of the Chola king Rajaraja Chola I. Rajaraja invaded Vengi on behalf of the sons of Danarnava and killed Jata Choda Bhima. Satya Raya of the Western Chalukyas of Kalyani did not like the Chola influence in Vengi and the area witnessed many wars between the Cholas and Chalukyas. After the death of Vijaya Aditya VII in 0175 A.D., the Eastern Chalukya dynasty came to an end.

Kulothunga Chola I (Rajendra Chalukya), rival of Vijay Aditya VII, fought along the sides of Cholas and established the Chalukya Cholas province. The district along with the rest of the Vengi kingdom became part of their empire. Major portions of the district were under Velanati Chodas, trustworthy chieftains to his. The famous rulers of this dynasty were Gonka I, Rajendra Choda I, Gonka II and Rajendra Choda II. Vikram Aditya vii of Western Chalukyas occupied this region for short period, but it was recovered by Chalukya Cholas and Velanti Chodas. Velanati chiefs also suppressed rebellions from Haihayas of Kona, Gonka II and Rudra of the Kakatiya dynasty.

Kakatiyas and Delhi Sultanate

Inscriptions at this region including the ones at Draksha Ramam in 13th century throw light on their history. Prola II of the Kakatiya dynasty declared independence from the western Chalukyas and became a subject of Chalukya Cholas. His son Rudra obtained the Godavari delta as gift from the Rajaraja II of Chalukya Cholas. Rudra's authority over the Godavari delta was challenged by the Velanadu Chodas. The Velanati king Rajendra Choda II sent an army under his minister Davana Preggada against Rudra. Rudra was succeeded by his younger brother Mahadeva who died in a conflict with the Yadavas of Devagiri. His son Ganapathi succeeded to the Kakatiya throne. Ganapathi defeated Kalinga armies on the north, Pandyas of Madurai and Cholas with the help of Nellore Chodas. The Kakatiya power remained undisturbed in the Godavari region throughout the reign of Ganapathi and her daughter Rudrama devi. Pratap Rudra ascended the throne in 1295 and faced many attacks from Sultans of Delhi. After his defeat by Muhammad-bin-Tughluq in 1323, the district came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate. Muhammad-bin-Tughluq divided South India into five provinces and appointed governors.

Musunuri Nayaks, Reddy and other Hindu Kingdoms

Delhi sultans faced rebellions from the confederacy of local chiefs under the authority of Prolaya of the Musunuri Nayaks clan. The Reddis of Addanki, Koppula Telagas of Pithapuram and the Recherla Velamas of Rachakonda actively helped him. Warangal was liberated and Telugu land enjoyed freedom for fifty years. Musunuri Kapaya Nayaka appointed his relatives Toyyeti Anavota Nayaka and Mummadi Nayaka (Korukonda) as governors in Godavari region. Mummadi Nayaka married the niece of Kapaya Nayaka. Mummadi Nayaka lived till 1388. He had three sons who ruled for a period of 40 years and later they were reduced to submission by the Reddys of Kondaveedu and their principality was merged in the kingdom of Kondaveedu. Subsequently, Narasimha Deva IV of Kalinga succeeded in conquering this region, but was repulsed by Anavota Reddy of Rajahmundry. He was succeeded by Anavema Reddy and Kumaragiri of the same dynasty.

Kumaragiri fought many wars with the Racherlas of Rachakonda and the Kalinga rulers. He sent his general Kataya Vema along with Prince Anavota to conquer the eastern region. This resulted in the annexation of a large tract in the north as far as Simhachalam. The newly acquired territory was annexed to the Reddi Kingdom and constituted into a separate province called the eastern kingdom. Prince Anavota ruled this province with Raja-mahendra-varam as his capital. He died a premature death around 1395 and Kataya Vema, the general and brother-in-law of Kumar Giri, was given Rajamahendra Rajya in appreciation of the services rendered by him to the State. Kataya Vema's departure to Raja-mahendra-varam led to the seizure of the throne of Kondaveedu by force by Peda Komati Vema.

Peda Komati Vema's authority was defined by Kataya Vema. Kataya Vema was also involved in conflict with Eruva chief Annadeva Choda, who managed to occupy a large portion of the Rajamahendra Rajya. He was, however, defeated and driven back by Kataya Vema. Later, Kataya Vema died in a battle with Anna Deva Choda. After his death, Allada Reddi placed Kataya Vemas' son Komaragiri on the throne of Rajamahendravaram and ruled the kingdom as his regent. Komarigiri died a premature death. Allada Reddi ruled this region till his death in 1420. About 1423, the Vijayanagara ruler Deva Raya II defeated Vira Bhadra, who was then ruling this kingdom and reduced it to subjection.

After the death of Kapileswara Gajapati in 1470, there was a fight between his sons Hamvira and Purushottama for succession. Hamvira succeeded in occupying the throne with the help of Bahmanis but he could not retain it for long. Purushottama overthrew Hamvira and tried to reconquer Rajahmundry and other places. But Muhammad Shah III led the forces to Rajahmundry. This battle, However, ended with the conclusion of peace treaty. After the death of Muhammad Shah III, Purushottama Gajapathi overran the whole of the Godavari-Krishna doab and drove the Bahmani forces as far south as Kondaveedu. Purushottama was succeeded by his son Prataparudra. The Vijayanagar monarch Krishna Deva Raya invaded his kingdom and brought Rajahmundry under subjugation. However, a treaty was concluded wherein Pratapa Rudra agreed to give his daughter in marriage to Krishna Deva Raya in return of the territory north of the Krishna conquered by Krishna Deva Raya.

Later Muslim Kingdoms

Taking advantage of the disturbed conditions, the Qutb Shahi ruler of Golconda, Sultan Quli Qutb Shah, invaded the coastal region and took possession of Rajahmundry and the neighbouring kingdoms. Sultan Quli was murdered and he was succeeded to the throne by his son Jamshid Qutb Shah and then by his grand son Subhan Qutb Shah. During his reign, Ibrahim Qutb Shah had to ward off challenges from Shitab Khan and Vidyadhar. The last ruler of this dynasty was Abdual Hasan Tana Shas, who ruled from 1672 to 1687.

During this period, the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb brought most of southern India under his control. Aurangzeb conquered the sultanate of Golconda in 1687, and Golconda, including East Godavari District, became one of the twenty-two provinces of the Mughal Empire. Aurangzeb appointed viceroys to carry out the administration of these provinces. The Nizam-ul-Mulk (viceroy) of Golconda looked after the administration through military officers called Fauzdars. The Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar appointed Asaf Jah as the Nizam-ul-Mulk of the Deccan. He was, however, replaced by Husian Ali Khan, and during the time of emperor Muhammad Shah, Asaf Jah invaded the Deccan, defeated and killed Mubariz Khan in the battle of Shakar Khera in 1724 and ruled the Deccan as Nizam of Hyderabad.

The Nizam-ul-Mulk's death in 1748 led to a war of succession between his son Nasir Jung and his grandson Muzaffar Jung. The French and the British took different sides each. The dispute ended with the accession of Salabat Jung, with the help of the French General Bussy. General Bussy was, however, summoned to the south by Lally, the new Governor-General of the French possessions in India. As soon as he left, Pusapati Ananda Gajapati Raju, the new Raja of Vizianagaram, invited the English to come and occupy the Northern Circars. The tussle that ensued between the French and the English ended with the French losing all possessions in Northern Circars, save for Yanam, which (save for brief periods of British rule) they would hold onto till after Indian independence in 1947.

Salabat Jung was subsequently deposed by his brother Nizam Ali Khan, who leased out Rajahmundry and Chicacole to Hasan Ali Khan. Lord Robert Clive, entered into negotiations with the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam, and obtained a firman ceding the Northern Circars to the British East India Company in August 1765, but it was kept a secret until March 1766. The fort of Kondapalli was seized by the British, and General Cillaud was sent to Machilipatnam to undertake military operations, if necessary. The Nizam also made brisk preparations for war. War was prevented by the signing of a treaty on November 12, 1766 by which the Company, in return for occupying the Circars, undertook to maintain troops for the Nizam's assistance.

The Zamindars came into prominence during the period preceding the transfer of the district to the British. The Zamindars of Rampa, Totapalli, Jammichavidi, Jaddangi, Peddapuram, Pithapuram, Kota and Ramchandrapuram were the important zamindars of this region.

British rule, 1768–1947

By a second treaty, signed on March 1, 1768 the Nizam acknowledged the validity of Shah Alam's grant and resigned the Circars to the Company, receiving as a mark of friendship an annuity of 50,000. Finally, in 1823, the claims of the Nizam over the Northern Circars were bought outright by the Company, and they became a British possession. The Circars were incorporated into Madras Presidency, and Godavari District was constituted, which included present-day East Godavari and West Godavari districts.

Since Indian independence, 1947-present

After India's independence in 1947, the former Madras Presidency of British India became India's Madras State. In 1953, the northern districts of Madras state, including Godavari District, became the new state of Andhra Pradesh. Yanam was relinquished by the French in 1954, but one condition of the cession treaty was the retention of the district's separate and distinct identity, which also applied to the other South Indian enclaves constituting today's Puducherry state.

Geography and climate

East Godavari district occupies an area of 10,807 square kilometres (4,173 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Sumba Island.[3] The district has hilly terrain to the west and plains to the east. To the east of the district lies the Bay of Bengal. The district Headquarters Kakinada lies on the coast. The district receives rainfall from June to October; both southwest and northeast monsoon contribute to the rainfall. Average rainfall varies widely from 100 centimeters at the northern part of the coast to 140 centimeters at the extreme western parts of the hills.

Gallery

Economy

Being the largest part of the rich Godavari delta, agriculture and aquaculture are major parts of the economy for this District. With the discoveries of oil and natural gas, it has increased its industrial sector. It is the home of two major fertilizer factories and in addition, gas based power plants and oil refineries. Now it is one of the Largest oil & gas hubs in India.

Resources

East Godavari is famous for agriculture because of fertile lands which are adequately irrigated throughout the year. Thanks to sir Arthor Cotton Who turned entire Godavari region to fertile position with his wonderful engineering mind, he constructed Dowlesawaram Barrage Across the river Godavari. and is the most prosperous district in the state and is the one of richest district in the country. Statistically it is a potential hinterland for oil and natural gas reserves in the country as many areas are identified as richest sources for oil and Natural gas in Godavari basin.

Household indicators

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1019 households in 38 villages across the district.[4] They found that 92.5% had access to electricity, 96.7% had drinking water, 50.4% toilet facilities, and 30.9% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[4] 28.6% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[5] and 79% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[4]

Divisions

It is the only district to possess two municipal corporations. They are Kakinada and Rajahmundry.


The district is divided into 5 revenue divisions and 60 revenue Mandals among which 58 are rural and 2 are urban. The district has 57 Mandal Praja Parishads and 1,011 Gram Panchayats[6] and nine municipalities and municipal corporations. Total number of villages in the district is 1,379.

As per G.O.Ms. No.31, Revenue (Registration & Mandals) Department, Dated 05-06-2002 a new Rural Mandal Routhulapudi (44 villages) with head quarters at Routhulapudi was formed by transferring certain villages from Sankhavaram (12 villages), Kotananduru (31 villages) and Tuni (1 village) Mandals, thereby making total number of Mandals to be 60.

Subdivisions (Mandals)

The five revenue divisions are Kakinada, Rajahmundry, Amalapuram, Rampachodavaram and Peddapuram and they consist of 60 revenue mandals in total.

Municipalities

There are 9 municipalities in East Godavari District, out of which Greater Rajahmundry Municipal corporations and Kakinada corporation.

  1. Amalapuram
  2. Kakinada
  3. Mandapeta
  4. Peddapuram
  5. Pithapuram
  6. Gollaprolu
  7. Greater Rajahmundry
  8. Ramachandrapuram
  9. Samalkot
  10. Tuni
  11. ravulapalem

Assembly Constituencies

There are 19 Assembly constituencies in East Godavari district. Previously the district had 21 assembly constituencies, but reduced to 19 in 2007.

  1. Kakinada - Urban
  2. Kakinada - Rural
  3. Pithapuram
  4. Peddapuram
  5. Jaggampeta
  6. Prathipadu
  7. Tuni
  8. Amalapuram
  9. Kothapeta
  10. P.Gannavaram
  11. Razole
  12. Mummidivaram
  13. Ramachandrapuram
  14. Mandapeta
  15. Rajahmundry - Urban
  16. Rajahmundry - Rural
  17. Anaparthy
  18. Rajanagaram
  19. Rampachodavaram

Transport

East Godavari is well connected through Rail, Road, Water and Air. The National Highway 5 connecting Chennai and Howrah passes through this district. Rajahmundry and Samalkot are the railway junctions in the district. The Chennai to Howrah rail line also passes through this district. The district has an airport at Madhurapudi (which is 10 km from Rajahmundry and 65 km from Kakinada). There are regular flights from Rajahmundry to Hyderabad, Chennai, Vijayawada, Bengaluru etc. Kakinada has a major sea port which is predicted to be a potentially important port after Chennai, Paradip, Kolkata and Visakhapatnam along the east coast of India.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census East Godavari district has a population of 51,51,549,[1] roughly equal to the United Arab Emirates[7] or the US state of Colorado.[8] This gives it a ranking of 19th in India (out of a total of 640) and 2nd in its state.[1] The district has a population density of 477 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,240 /sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 5.1%.[1] East Godavari has a sex ratio of 1005 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 71.35%.[1]

East Godavari district has a total population of 51,51,549; 25,69,419 and 25,82,130 male and female respectively. There was change of 5.10 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001 census. The census data states a density of 477 in 2011 compared to 454 in 2001.[9]

Average literacy rate of East Godavari in 2011 was 71.35% compared to 65.48% in 2001. On a gender basis, male and female literacy was 74.91% and 67.82% respectively.

With regards to sex ratio in East Godavari, it stood at 1005 per 1000 males compared to the 2001 census figure of 993. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per the 2011 census.

There were total 4,92,446 children under the age of 0-6 against 6,13,490 of 2001 census. Of total 492,446 male and female were 2,50,086 and 2,42,360 respectively. The child sex ratio as per census 2011 was 969 compared to 978 in 2001. In 2011, children under 0-6 formed 9.56% of East Godavari district compared to 12.52% in 2001.

Culture

The culture of East Godavari district is a rich traditional one in all parts of the district, and reflects the true culture of Andhra Pradesh. It is known for Veda-pandits, the Godavari River and the hospitality of the people. The Telugu language originated in this district (in Rajahmundry or Rajamahendri). East Godavari District has produced several stalwarts in area of culture, music, art and cinema. Singer Mangalampalli Balamurali Krishna, P.B.Srinivas, actress Jaya Prada belong to this district.

IAS and other Officers

East Godavari District has produced several bureaucrats and officials. IAS officers Dr. Raja Sekhar Vundru and V.L.Kantha Rao belong to Pasarlapudi Lanka village. IAS officer Pamu Sampath Kumar and TVSN Prasad belong to this district.

Education

There are numerous educational institutes, including:

  • Sri Prakash Educational Society, Tuni (Schools, Jr. College, Degree College, Engineering Colleges, D.Ed & B.Ed Colleges, P.G College.)
  • Chaitanya Engineering College - Kakinada
  • P.R Government College - Kakinada (established 100+ years ago)
  • Rajamahendri Women's Degree College, Rajahmundry
  • Smt Kandukuri Rajyalakshmi College for Women, Rajahmundry (First Women College in Andhra Pradesh and Madras Presidency)
  • Andhra Polytechnic (APT) - Kakinada
  • Girls Polytechnic (GPT) - Kakinada
  • Rangaraya Medical College - Kakinada
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada
  • Girls Polytechnic (GPT) - Kakinada
  • Government Arts College, Rajahmundry (Established 150 years ago and First ever College in Godavari Districts).
  • Ideal College - Kakinada
  • CBM College - Kakinada
  • Aditya Junior College, Degree College - Kakinada
  • Pragati Junior College, Degree College, Engineering College - Kakinada
  • V.S.Lakshmi Junior College, Degree College - Kakinada
  • Rajiv Gandhi College - Kakinada
  • Aditya Engineering College - Surampalem, Kakinada
  • Sri Aditya Engineering College - Surampalem, Kakinada
  • Sri Sai Aditya Institute of Science and Technology - Surampalem, Kakinada
  • Pragati Engineering College - Kakinada
  • KIET Kakinada Institute Of Technology - Korangi, Kakinada
  • KIET-W Kakinada Institute Of Technology for Women - Korangi, Kakinada
  • V.S.Lakshmi Engineering College for Girls - Kakinada
  • Chaitanya junior college, chaitanya nagar, kakinada.
  • Rajamahendri College of Engineering and Technology, Rajahmundry
  • Krishna's Pragathi Institute Of Engineering and Technology, Rajahmundry
  • BVC College of Engineering, Palacherla, Rajahmundry.
  • International School of Technology & Sciences (Women), Rajahmundry
  • Rajahmundry Engineering College, Rajahmundry
  • Sri Sai Madhavi Institute of Science & Technology, SR Nagar, Mallampudi, Rajahmundry
  • Aditya Degree College, Rajahmundry.
  • Rajiv gandhi group of colleges, Rajahmundry
  • Adikavi nannaya university, Rajahmundry
  • Godavari Institute of Engineering Technology (GIET) - Rajahmundry
  • G.S.L Medical College - Rajahmundry
  • V.T.Junior College, Rajahmundry
  • St.John's College of Education, Sanitarium, Visranthipuram, Korukonda Road, Rajahmundry
  • Aditya Degree College for Women, Rajahmundry
  • Al Ameer Institute of Management and Technology, Rajahmundry
  • Andhra Kesari Degree College, Rajahmundry
  • Andhra Women's Sanskrit College, Rajahmundry
  • Avanthi Degree College, Rajahmundry
  • Dr. Allu Ramalingaiah Government Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Rajahmundry
  • G K R V M Degree College, Rajahmundry
  • Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry
  • Lutheran Degree College for Women, Rajahmundry
  • Sri G.S. Krishna Memorial Law College, Rajahmundry
  • Swatantra College of Nursing, Rajahmundry
  • Veeravalli College of Law, Rajahmundry
  • Veeravalli Vidya Sundar P G College, Rajahmundry
  • Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS) - Amalapuram
  • KIMS College of Engineering, Amalapuram
  • Aditya Junior College - Amalapuram
  • Prasidda College of Engineering, Mummidivaram
  • AIMS College of Engineering, Mummidivaram
  • Sri YVS & BRM Memorial Polytechnic, Mukteswaram
  • Sriniva College of Engineering, Anathavaram
  • BVC Engineering College, Odalarevu.
  • BVC Inst. of Tech. & Science, Bhatlapalem, Amalapuram
  • G.B.R. Degree college & P.G. Courses - Anaparthi
  • Balu Best Junior College, Amalapuram
  • Chaitanya college of Engineering - Rajahmundry
  • Vundavalli Satyanarayana Murthy College (V.S.M) - Ramachandrapuram
  • GRC Modern Junior College - Ramachandrapuram
  • Ln.GV Rao Modern Degree College - Ramachandrapuram
  • Santhinikethan Junior College - Ramachandrapuram
  • Santhinikethan Degree College - Ramachandrapuram
  • SRZPH School - Rayavaram
  • Vignan Model High School - Rayavaram
  • ZP High School - Vedurupaka
  • Maharani College - Peddapuram
  • Sri Saraswathi Vidya Vihar, Razole
  • S.K.B.R college, Amalapuram
  • M.V.N.J.S. & R.V.R. Degree College - Malikipuram
  • A.F.D.T Junior College - Malikipuram
  • Smt. B.M.M Degree College-Allavaram
  • Prem Institute of Career Education, Amalapuram
  • D.L. Reddy College, Gollala Mamidada
  • Sri Vidya Vikas College, Mandapeta
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Peddapuram

In addition to the above listed, the District has lot of B.Ed colleges, Pharma Colleges and intermediate colleges.

Tourism


Temples

  • Draksharama It is very famous shivaite Temple situated at draksharamam.
  • Annavaram Lord Satyanarayana swamy is seated here, where thousands of pilgrims visit this place everyday.
  • Samalkot Pancharamam
  • Pithapuram Birthplace of Sri Padhavallabhudu (lord Dattatreya)
  • Peddapuram maridamma temple
  • Dwarapudi Andhra Sabarimalai
  • Gollala Mamidada Sun God Temple
  • Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Antarvedi
  • Sri Ganesha Temple, Bikkavolu (Built by Eastern Chalukyas in 9th to 10th century AD)
  • Sri Vijaya Durga Peetham, Vedurupaka
  • Rayavaram Polamma Temple
  • Talupulamma Lova Temple (Near Tuni)
  • Kukuteswara swmay temple Pithapuram]
  • Sri Pavanagiri Group Of Temples (ADDATEEGALA)
  • aparna temple, eswar temple, subrahmanyeswara temple (tatiparthi, gollaprolu mandal)
sri uma ramalingeshwara temple,nemam,kakinada rural

Visitor attractions

  • Korangi Reserve Forest is a well known area for Back waters and mangrove forests.
  • Konaseema a rich and very scenic delta, with lush green fields, farms and river Godavari streams. River rides and houseboats at Dindi resorts.
  • Papi Hills Papikondalu are the major attractions for tourists and film makers.
  • Maredumilli Eco Tourism, the Maredumilli Forests of East Godavari District are having rich biodiversity and the area is having semi evergreen forests with undulating terrain, which forms part of the Eastern Ghats. The area is having many streams flowing over the undulating rocks in the deep woods and any visitor feel thrilling experience in the Nature.

See also

  • Nagullanka
  • Konaseema
  • Pinjarikonda (Water fall) ADDATEEGALA

References

External links

  • Kakinada Information Portal - It also provides information of surrounding places
  • East Godavari District governmental web site
  • Godavari web site
  • Kakinada website
  • Godavari district temples map
Note: Yanam district, Puducherry is completely surrounded by East Godavari district.

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