World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

East Thrace

Article Id: WHEBN0007500007
Reproduction Date:

Title: East Thrace  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: East-Central Europe, Turkey, Geography of Turkey, Sofia Vembo, Turkish dance
Collection: Bulgarian-Speaking Countries and Territories, Geography of Europe, Geography of Turkey, Thrace
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

East Thrace

East Thrace (blue) within the Marmara Region.
East Thrace landscape in Edirne Province.
Eastern Thrace within the entire Thrace

East Thrace or Eastern Thrace (Turkish: Doğu Trakya or simply Trakya; Greek: Ανατολική Θράκη, Anatoliki Thraki; Bulgarian: Източна Тракия, Iztochna Trakiya), also known as Turkish Thrace or European Turkey, is the part of the modern Republic of Turkey that is geographically part of Southeast Europe, all in the eastern part of the historical region of Thrace. The area includes all the territories of the Turkish provinces of Edirne, Tekirdağ and Kırklareli, as well as those territories on the European Continent of the provinces of Çanakkale and Istanbul.


  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Provinces 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5


East Thrace has an area of 23,764 km2 (3 percent of the country) and a population of about 10 million people (about 12 percent of the total); the population density is around 430 people/km2, compared to about 80 people/km2 for Asiatic Turkey, which is also called Anatolia or Asia Minor. The two are separated by the Dardanelles, the Bosphorus (collectively known as the Turkish Straits) and the Sea of Marmara, a route of about 361 km. The southernmost part of Eastern Thrace is called the Gallipoli peninsula. European Turkey is bordered on the west by Greece for 212 km and on the north by Bulgaria for 269 km, with the Aegean Sea to the south-west and the Black Sea to the north-east.[1][2]

River Maritsa (Turkish: Meriç), border of West and East Thrace.


East Thrace was the setting for several important historical events.

Prior to the population exchange between Greece and Turkey, the distribution of nationalities in the local Sanjaks was as follows:

Ottoman Official Statistics, 1910[3]
Sanjak Turks Greeks Bulgarians Others Total
Edirne 128,000 113,500 31,500 14,700 287,700
Kırk Kilise 53,000 77,000 28,500 1,150 159,650
Tekirdağ 63,500 56,000 3,000 21,800 144,300
Gallipoli 31,500 70,500 2,000 3,200 107,200
Çatalca 18,000 48,500 N/A 2,340 68,840
Istanbul 450,000 260,000 6,000 130,000 846,000
Ecumenical Patriarchate Statistics, 1912


The region includes all of the three provinces of Edirne, Kırklareli and Tekirdağ, as well as the European parts of the two provinces of Çanakkale and İstanbul.

Province Area
(2012 census)[4]
Population density
(per km2)
Provinces formerly in the Vilayet of Edirne:
Edirne 6,279 399,708 63.7
Kırklareli 6,550 341,218 52.1
Tekirdağ 6,218 852,321 137.1
Sub-total 19,047 1,593,247 83.6
İstanbul (European part) 3,421 8,963,431 2620.1
Çanakkale (European part) 1,296 64,061 49.4
Total 23,764 10,620,739 446.9

See also


  1. ^ Turkey
  2. ^ Geography of Turkey
  3. ^ Pentzopoulos, Dimitri (2002). The Balkan exchange of minorities and its impact on Greece. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. pp. 31–32.  
  4. ^ "Turkish Statistical Institute. Registered population as of 2012". 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.