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East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway


East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway

Not to be confused with the "East and West Yorkshire Union Railway"

The East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway was a railway company established in 1846 between the Leeds and Thirsk Railway at Knaresborough and the York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway near York, England. The company merged into the York and North Midland Railway in 1852.

As of 2013 the route forms part of the modern Harrogate Line, operated by Northern Rail.


  • History 1
    • After 1852 1.1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
    • Sources 3.1
  • External links 4


The 1851 Knaresborough river Nidd viaduct (2006)

The application to form "The East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway" was made in November 1845,[1] and the company was incorporated by Act of Parliament in 16 July 1846,[2] this authorising £200,000 of capital (8,000 x £25 shares[3]) and £66,600 of debt.[4]

The line connected the Great North of England Railway (GNE) (later the York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway, YN&B) near York to the Leeds and Thirsk Railway (L&TR) at Knaresborough, with a route length of about 15 miles (24 km).[3][4] The line branched from the GNE 1 mile 47 chains (2.55 km) from York station and passed through Poppleton, Hessay, Marston Moor, Hammerton, Cattal, Allerton and Goldsborough (originally Flaxby[5]) to Knaresborough.[6]

The line's engineer was Thomas Grainger and the main stations (Poppleton, Marston Moor, Cattal, and Allerton) were built by Samuel Atack to Grainger's designs.[7] Construction began in 1847, works including a tunnel under part of Knaresborough and a viaduct over the River Nidd.[8] The line was double tracked with a length of 14 miles 12 chains (22.8 km).[9] On 11 March 1848 the nearly completed viaduct over the Nidd collapsed,[8] and a temporary wooden station was constructed east of Knaresborough on Hay-A-Park Lane[5] to allow the line to partially opened on 30 October 1848.[10]

Originally backed by

External links


  1. ^ , also reprinted: Issue 20537 p.5149-5150 and Issue 20542 p.6181-6182
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ a b c Fawcett 2001, p. 137.
  6. ^ Railway Magazine, v.39 (1916)
  7. ^ Fawcett 2001, pp. 137,168.
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b c Hoole 1986, p. 113
  11. ^ also reprinted Issue 20666, p.4593 , Issue 20672, p..5179
  12. ^
  13. ^ Tomlinson 1915, pp. 468, 487-8.
  14. ^ Railway Magazine, v.39 (1916) quote:This section was first worked by the York, Newcastle and Berwick Company, but evidently their terms were too high, as in September, 1849, the Company appealed to them to reduce the working charges, and subsequently the line was worked by Messrs. E. B. Wilson & Co., of Leeds, on behalf of the Company, as an independent concern.
  15. ^ Tomlinson 1915, p. 510.
  16. ^
  17. ^ Tomlinson 1915, p. 511.
  18. ^
  19. ^ also reprinted Issue 21267 p/3267
  20. ^
  21. ^ Hoole 1986, p. 109.
  22. ^ Ordnance Survey. 1:2500, 1890-1


  1. ^ The Leeds and Thirsk obtained an act enabling them to absorb the line, passed 1848. The L&TR board halted the merger discussions in August 1848.[11][12]


On 1 April 1875 a 7-mile (11 km) single track line from Boroughbridge was opened, joining the line east of the town at Knaresborough Junction.[21][22] (See also Pilmoor, Boroughbridge and Knaresborough Railway)

After 1852

Formal application to merge the railway with the Y&NMR was made in 1851[19] and the Act passed on 28 May 1852.[20]

The York and North Midland Railway (Y&NMR) took over the line in July.[10][15] The replacement four 56-foot (17 m) arch stone double track viaduct over the Nidd was completed at a cost of £9,803[16] and the section over the River Nidd connecting to the L&TR was opened on 1 October 1851.[10] Knaresborough station opened the same year,[5] completing the route to Harrogate made by the 1.75 mile Leeds Northern extension from Harrogate to Knaresborough that also completed in 1851.[17] From October 1851 the line also used the L&TR Starbeck station in Harrogate.[18]

[14][3] (Leeds) with payment on a worked miles basis, plus a percentage of revenue.E. B. Wilson After 1949 the line was worked with lighter engines from [13] However, after the L&TR backed out of the arrangement in the middle of 1848, the directors returned to Hudson and made arrangements for the YN&B to work the line.[note 1]

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