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Elizabeth of Sicily, Queen of Hungary

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Elizabeth of Sicily, Queen of Hungary

Elizabeth of Sicily
Queen consort of Hungary
Reign 1269–1290
Spouse Ladislaus IV of Hungary
House Árpád dynasty (by marriage)
House of Anjou (by birth)
Father Charles I of Naples
Mother Beatrice of Provence
Born 1261
Naples
Died 1303
Naples
Burial Monastery of St Peter's, Naples

Elisabeth of Sicily (1261–1303) was the youngest child of Charles I of Naples and his first wife Beatrice of Provence. Her maternal grandparents were Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy. Her paternal grandparents were Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile. Her maternal aunts included: Eleanor of Provence, Queen of England and Marguerite of Provence, Queen of France.

Marriage

Elisabeth married to Ladislaus IV of Hungary in 1269; she was only seven or eight at the time of the marriage. They had no children and so the direct Arpad dynasty ended upon Ladislaus' death.

Trouble with the Cumans

Ladislaus had neglected Elisabeth for the sake of his semi-pagan family, The Cumans; his mother Elizabeth was a member of the Cuman tribe. Ladislaus always wore Cuman dress and many of his friends were Cumans.

Ladislaus had even spent most of his marriage to Elisabeth chasing after the Cumans, encouraging them to come and live in Hungary. When they wanted to leave Hungary, Ladislaus used his forces to make them stay. Elisabeth was arrested in 1286 so that Ladislaus could live with a Cuman mistress. She was imprisoned in Margaret Island, where she stayed for the next three years. Ladislaus finally reconciled with Elisabeth in 1289. When he found he didn't have enough power to rule over his barons, he rejoined the Cumans.

Ladislaus died in 1290, childless, and he was succeeded by Andrew III of Hungary; Andrew was a distant cousin of Ladislaus.

Later life

After her husband's death, Elisabeth returned to Naples, but she returned again back to Hungary. In the year 1294 Queen Fenenna confirmed her the privilege to collect the donations of the church in the Veszprém County. In 1301 she returned to Naples, where she became a Dominican nun at St Peter's monastery (San Pietro a Castello), which had been founded by her sister-in-law Queen Mary. Queen Elisabeth (Isabella d'Anjou) died in 1303 and was buried at the monastery of St Peter's.[1]

Ancestry

Sources

  • Translated biography
Elizabeth of Sicily, Queen of Hungary
Born: 1261 Died: 1303
Royal titles
Preceded by
Elizabeth the Cuman
Queen consort of Hungary
1269–1290
Succeeded by
Fennena of Kujavia

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