World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Elk, Mendocino County, California

Article Id: WHEBN0002015771
Reproduction Date:

Title: Elk, Mendocino County, California  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cape Horn, Mendocino County, California, List of earthquakes in California, Bentley, California, Camp Noyo, California, Christine, California
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Elk, Mendocino County, California

Unincorporated community
Elk is located in California
Location in California
Country United States
State California
County Mendocino County
Elevation[1] 135 ft (41 m)

Elk (formerly, Greenwood and Elk River) is an unincorporated community in Mendocino County, California.[1] It is located 22 miles (35 km) south of Fort Bragg,[2] at an elevation of 135 feet (41 m).[1]

Elk has a population of 208. It is located on the coast at the crossroads of State Route 1 and Philo-Greenwood Road. Albion, Little River, and Mendocino lie to the north, and Manchester and Point Arena to the south. Inland are Navarro, Philo, and Boonville.


Elk was originally called "Greenwood" after early homesteaders, the Greenwood brothers,[2] sons of mountain man Caleb Greenwood, one of the rescuers of the Donner Party. When the post office was opened, in 1887,[2] there was already another Greenwood in California so it was called Elk Post Office. Eventually the name came to refer to the town. It is an outgrowth of an earlier town called Cuffy's Cove and the cemetery is located at that townsite 1 mile (2 km) north of Elk. When pioneer lumberman Lorenzo White was unable to reach a satisfactory deal with the owners of the lumber chutes at Cuffy's Cove to ship out his redwood product, he constructed a wharf out along a string of rocks in the center of what is now Elk. When he built a large steam sawmill and 3-foot (90-cm) gauge railroad, the new employment drained the town of Cuffy's Cove which was eventually abandoned. The sawmill was producing 80,000 board feet (200 m3) of lumber per day by 1890. The mill was sold to Goodyear Redwood Company in 1916. Elk River Company took over the sawmill when Goodyear went bankrupt in 1932. The local redwood lumber industry economy collapsed when the uninsured sawmill burned in 1936.[3]

Another sawmill was built in about 1953 and one more in 1963. These operated until the late 1960s when the redwood and Douglas fir was mostly logged out. After some quiet times, the town has had a rebirth as a recreation destination. Many of the larger old houses are now Bed & Breakfast inns and the State has acquired the Greenwood Creek beach and the original mill site as a state park.

The ZIP Code is 95432. The community is inside area code 707.

Elk Logging Railway locomotives

Number Builder Type Date Works number Notes
Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-4-0 1873 3495 originally North Pacific Coast Railroad #1; purchased 1876; scrapped 1903[4]
1 Lima Locomotive Works Shay geared 9 May 1903 800 built for L.E.White Lumber Company[5]
2 Lima Locomotive Works Shay geared 8 December 1904 957 built for L.E.White Lumber Company[5]
4 Lima Locomotive Works Shay geared 27 October 1917 2942 built for Goodyear Redwood Company[5]


In the California State Legislature, Elk is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire, and in the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Wood.[6]

In the United States House of Representatives, Elk is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.[7]


  1. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Elk, Mendocino County, California
  2. ^ a b c Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 55.  
  3. ^ Carranco, Lynwood (1982). Redwood Lumber Industry. Golden West Books. pp. 206–207.  
  4. ^ Dickinson, A. Bray (1974). Narrow Gauge to the Redwoods. Trans-Anglo Books. p. 132. 
  5. ^ a b c Koch, Michael (1971). The Shay Locomotive Titan of the Timber. The World Press. pp. 409,414&448. 
  6. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 

External links

  • Elk, CA Travel Information
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.