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Elstead

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Elstead

Elstead

Elstead Mill
Elstead is located in Surrey
Elstead
 Elstead shown within Surrey
Area  11.04 km2 (4.26 sq mi)
Population 2,557 (Civil Parish)[1]
   – density  232/km2 (600/sq mi)
OS grid reference
Civil parish Elstead
District Waverley
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ELSTEAD
Postcode district GU8
Dialling code 01252
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament South West Surrey
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Elstead is a semi-rural civil parish in Surrey, England with shops, houses and cottages spanning north and south sides of the River Wey; development concentrated on two roads that meet at a central green. It includes Pot Common its southern neighbourhood. Hamlets in the parish, marginally separated from the village centre, are Charleshill and Elstead Common, both rich in woodland. Elstead is on the B3001 about 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi) west of the A3 Milford interchange and lies between Farnham and Godalming.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Charleshill 2.1
  • Demography and housing 3
  • Sports and facilities 4
  • Pubs and Bars 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Panorama of the first village green, that at the junction of the B3001 and Thursley road. North to the centre, South at each wing.. By the church is a smaller green.

Elstead's relative prosperity over the centuries can be partly attributed to the existence of the availability of a site for a watermill and a bridge over the river, parts of the bridge are dated to around 1300.[2]

The first known reference to Elstead is in the 1128 foundation charter for Waverley Abbey (sometimes spelt Waverly), where it was called Helestede. The church of St James was built around ten years later. It still contains 13th century windows and some 14th century timbers[3] and is a Grade II* listed building.[4]

Elstead Old Bridge, built circa 1300

In the 14th century, the Scheduled ancient monument bridge was built over the River Wey. Today this old bridge, strengthened by Surrey County Council in 1993, takes the westward traffic; eastward traffic takes the new bridge alongside.[2]

Elstead had a forge which was built in 1686 but is now a private house.

Elstead Mill, now a pub and restaurant, was occupied by Oliver Cromwell’s ‘roundhead’ army during the English Civil War but subsequently burnt down. The present structure is therefore supported by its architecture listed as dating to the 17th century.[5]

During the 18th and 19th centuries, Elstead was known for the quality and quantity of carrots grown there, with daily shipments by train from nearby Milford Station up to London's Covent Garden market during the growing season. This is attributed to the light sandy soils in the village which are excellent for carrot growing.

In 1997 a millennium oak was planted at the southern apex of the village green under the auspices of the afternoon WI.[6]

In 2005 Elstead became notable for its then brothel, which was down "the little road so the village green and the Spar shop are on your right." .[7]

Geography

Elstead is surrounded by common land, including Hankley Common which is used by the British Army for training purposes. Most of this area is Registered Common Land and a Special Protection area for wildlife.

Thundry Meadow, close to Elstead, is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSI) and is an important breeding area for the dragonfly and damselfly.

Charleshill

The western hamlet on the opposite bank of the River Wey of Charleshill on the B3001 to Farnham is half in Tilford, south of Crooksbury Common. Its public house is called The Donkey. It was originally converted from two small cottages in 1850 and at that time was owned by Farnham United Brewery and originally called The Half-way House. During that time it acquired the nickname of "The Donkey", as before the days of motor traffic, donkeys were kept tethered outside the Inn to help the horses and carts up the hill; officially becoming this in 1947.[8]

Demography and housing

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 521 329 139 68 28 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average for apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 2,557 1,085 44.5% 29.1% 1,104

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Sports and facilities

Elstead marathon.The adult five mile race at the river Wey bridge

Elstead Royal British Legion has a club house.[9] There is a bowling green and an outbuilding used as a commercial tea-room. Elstead Cricket Club are based in the self-built pavilion on the Thursley Road recreation ground. Elstead Sharks are the junior soccer club. The Elstead Marathon has been held for over 100 years.[10][11] Elstead pancake race is held on a convenient day, near to Shrove Tuesday.[12]

Pubs and Bars

The Woolpack

Elstead has three pubs. The Golden Fleece, and The Mill at Elstead are both on the Farnham Road. The Woolpack is on the Village Green. Both the Royal British Legion Branch and the cricket pavilion, bar 'stead, are on the Thursley road.

References

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ a b  
  3. ^ History of Elstead Church
  4. ^  
  5. ^  
  6. ^ Farnham Herald 1997
  7. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/4293669.stm
  8. ^ History and the Donkey
  9. ^ http://counties.britishlegion.org.uk/counties/surrey/contact-us/branches
  10. ^ http://www.surreycommunity.info/elsteadnews/noticeboard/one-entry?entry_id=7314618
  11. ^ http://www.waverleyharriers.co.uk/elstead-marathon-friday-5th-july/
  12. ^ http://www.getsurrey.co.uk/news/local-news/pancake-tossers-brave-rain-cold-4821018

External links

  • Elstead Village News Website
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