World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Empress Wu (Zhaolie)

Article Id: WHEBN0003298086
Reproduction Date:

Title: Empress Wu (Zhaolie)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Empress Zhang (Liu Shan's first wife), Empress Dowager Wu, 245 deaths, Empress Wu (disambiguation), Lady Wu
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Empress Wu (Zhaolie)

Empress Wu
Empress of Shu Han
Born (Unknown)
Died 245
Names
Traditional Chinese 吳皇后
Simplified Chinese 吴皇后
Pinyin Wú Huánghòu
Wade–Giles Wu Huang-hou
Other names Empress Mu (Chinese: 穆皇后; pinyin: Mù Huánghòu; Wade–Giles: Mu Huang-hou)

Empress Wu (died 245), personal name unknown, formally known as Empress Mu (literally "the Just Empress"), was an empress of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. She was the last wife and the only empress of Liu Bei, the founding emperor of Shu Han, and a younger sister of Wu Yi (吳懿). Her father, whose name is not recorded in history, was a friend of Liu Yan, and followed Liu Yan to Yi Province (益州; covering present-day Sichuan and Chongqing) when Liu Yan was made the governor. Because of the friendship between her father and Liu Yan, she was married to Liu Yan's son Liu Mao (劉瑁). After Liu Mao's death, she did not remarry for some time.

When Liu Bei seized Yi Province from Lady Wu's brother-in-law Liu Zhang in 214, he had been effectively divorced from his wife Lady Sun, the younger sister of Sun Quan. He married Lady Wu. When he claimed for himself the title of the "King of Hanzhong" in 219, he made her his queen consort. After the fall of the Eastern Han Dynasty in 220 (with Emperor Xian's abdication to Cao Pi), Liu Bei claimed for himself the Han imperial title in 221, establishing Shu. Later that year, he made her empress. After his death in 223, his son and successor Liu Shan honoured her as empress dowager. She died in 245. (The [[Records of the Three

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.