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Empress Zhang (Liu Shan's first wife)

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Subject: Empress Zhang (Liu Shan's second wife), Liu Shan, 237 deaths, Shu Han empresses, Wang Kang
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Empress Zhang (Liu Shan's first wife)

Empress Zhang
Empress of Shu Han
Born (Unknown)
Died 237
Traditional Chinese 張皇后
Simplified Chinese 张皇后
Pinyin Zhāng Huánghòu
Wade–Giles Chang Huang-hou
Other names Empress Jing'ai (Chinese: 敬哀皇后; pinyin: Jìng'āi Huánghòu; Wade–Giles: Ching-ai Huang-hou)

Empress Zhang (died 237), personal name unknown, formally known as Empress Jing'ai (lit. "Respectful and Lamentable Empress"), was an empress of the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period. She was the eldest daughter of the Shu general Zhang Fei and his wife Lady Xiahou.[1] She married Liu Shan in 223 and became the crown princess of Shu. Later in the same year, after Liu Shan's father Liu Bei died, Liu Shan ascended the throne of Shu, and Zhang became the empress. She died in 237 and was buried in Nanling (南陵).[2]

See also


  1. ^ (初,建安五年,時霸從妹年十三四,在本郡,出行樵採,為張飛所得。飛知其良家女,遂以為妻,產息女,為劉禪皇后。) Weilue annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 9.
  2. ^ (後主敬哀皇后,車騎將軍張飛長女也。章武元年,納為太子妃。建興元年,立為皇后。十五年薨,葬南陵。) Sanguozhi vol. 34.
Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Wu
Empress of Shu Han
Succeeded by
Empress Zhang (later)
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