World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Engelbert Zaschka

Article Id: WHEBN0014893091
Reproduction Date:

Title: Engelbert Zaschka  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Human-powered aircraft, July 11, September 1, 1895, June 26
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Engelbert Zaschka

Engelbert Zaschka
Engelbert Zaschka and his human-powered glider during 1934
Born September 1, 1895
Freiburg im Breisgau
Died June 26, 1955 (aged 59)
Freiburg im Breisgau
Resting place Freiburg im Breisgau
Residence Germany
Nationality German
Occupation Engineer, Inventor
Known for Helicopter, human-powered aircraft, automobile engineering
Title Chief Engineer, Chief Designer, Inventor

Engelbert Zaschka (September 1, 1895 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany – June 26, 1955 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany)[1][2] was a German chief engineer,[3] chief designer and inventor.[4]

Biography

Zaschka became one of the first German helicopter pioneers. His machine is a striking representative of the Rotationsflugzeug (Zaschka calls it "rotating airplane").[5] Chief Engineer Engelbert Zaschka pursued in 1929 in Berlin, the approach of the folding-Zaschka three-wheeler. This city car concept was aimed to be cost effective and space saving by the vehicle could be folded after use sparingly. In 1934 Engelbert Zaschka completed a large human-powered aircraft. He was an inventor who held numerous international patents as it related to the helicopter.

Engineering Activities

Zaschka Helicopter

Zaschka-Rotationsflugzeug (Zaschka Rotary-Wing Airplane)

In 1927[6] Engelbert Zaschka of Berlin built a helicopter, equipped with two rotors, in which a gyroscope was used to increase stability and serves as an energy accumulator for a gliding flight to make a landing. Gliding in this case means a straight descent. He wanted to develop an efficient propeller drive.[7] A swivelling propeller at the rear provided propulsion and rudder control. The machine was a combination of an autogyro and a helicopter. The principal advantage of the machine, Zaschka says, is in its ability to remain motionless in the air for any length of time and to descend in a vertical line, so that a landing may be accomplished on the flat roof of a large house. In appearance, the helicopter does not differ much from the ordinary monoplane, but the carrying wings revolve around the body.

Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft (1934)

Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft, Berlin 1934

In 1934[8] Engelbert Zaschka completed a large human-powered aircraft, the Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft. Zaschka constructed the large human-powered tractor monoplane with a narrow wing spanning about 66 feet (20 metres). On 11 July 1934 he flew his large human-powered aircraft, the Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft, about 20 meters at Berlin's Tempelhof Airport without assisted take off.[9][10]

Motorcycle: The German Orionette (1921-1925)

From 1921 till 1925 the design department of Orionette AG für Motorfahrzeuge in Berlin (Berlin SO 26, Oranienstr. 6),[11] headed by Engelbert Zaschka, also produced some interesting unorthodox designs.[12] Orionette is a historic German motorcycle brand.

Folding Zaschka Three-wheeler (1929)

Folding City Car: Zaschka Three-wheeled car, 1929
Engelbert Zaschka with model of the gyroplane, 1928

The space and parking problems of the metropolitan areas were recognized in the 1920s. In 1929 Engelbert Zaschka invented a three-wheeled car in Berlin.[13] Zaschka's car was a folding three-wheeler, designed so that it could be taken apart within 20 minutes. The car could be "knocked down" into three main sections. It was capable of a speed of from 25 to 30 miles an hour.[14] Aspects of Zaschka's car were important to U.S. inventor and architect Richard Buckminster Fuller in the development of his Dymaxion car in 1933.[15]

Reception

Patents

  • DE 573961  „Hubschraubenflugzeug“ issue date June 19, 1926
  • GB 272962  „Improvements in or relating to Helicopter Flying Machines“ issue date June 20, 1927
  • US 1779524  „Helicopter“ issue date June 29, 1927
  • DE 512513  „Triebwerk fuer Maschinen mit hin und her gehenden Kolben, deren Pleuelstangen durch auf der Triebwelle sitzende Exzenterscheiben betaetigt werden“ issue date November 12, 1927
  • US 1944052  „Portable power plant.“ issue date April 21, 1930
  • FR 1019111  „Bicyclette.“ issue date May 26, 1950

Publication

  • Zaschka, Engelbert. Drehflügelflugzeuge. Trag- und Hubschrauber. Berlin-Charlottenburg: C.J.E. Volckmann Nachf. E. Wette. 1936. ASIN B001PE5XZ2.

One of the first publications about helicopters. It is written in 1936 for airplane designers, as well as supporters of the rotary-wing aircraft construction.

Gallery

Bibliography

  • Fay, John Foster. The Helicopter: History, Piloting and How It Flies. David & Charles PLC. 1976.
  • Reay, David Anthony. The history of man-powered flight. Oxford/New York: Pergamon Press. 1977.
  • Nowarra, Heinz J. German Helicopters 1928-1945. Schiffer Publishing. 1991.
  • Besser, Rolf. Technik und Geschichte der Hubschrauber: Von Leonardo da Vinci bis zur Gegenwart. Bonn: Bernard & Graefe Verlag. 1996.
  • Grosser, Morton. Gossamer Odyssey: The Triumph of Human-powered Flight. Zenith Press. 2004.

See also

References

  1. ^ Date of birth and place of birth: Geburtsurkunde. Standesamt Freiburg im Breisgau Nr. 937/1895: Engelbert Zaschka [1].
  2. ^ Date of death and place of death: Stadt Freiburg im Breisgau, Eigenbetrieb Friedhöfe: Engelbert Zaschka, January 24, 2008 [2].
  3. ^ Rolf Besser: Technik und Geschichte der Hubschrauber: Von Leonardo da Vinci bis zur Gegenwart. Bernard & Graefe Verlag, Bonn 1996, p. 65
  4. ^ Vice Admiral Charles E. Rosendahl Collection - Biographical InformationThe University of Texas at Dallas: (See also: Charles E. Rosendahl)
  5. ^ Engelbert Zaschka: Drehflügelflugzeuge. Trag- und Hubschrauber. C.J.E. Volckmann Nachf. E. Wette, Berlin-Charlottenburg 1936, p. 57
  6. ^ Zaschka Helicopter (1927)Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Washington:
  7. ^ Engelbert Zaschka: Drehflügelflugzeuge. Trag- und Hubschrauber. C.J.E. Volckmann Nachf. E. Wette, Berlin-Charlottenburg 1936, p. 47
  8. ^ Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft (1934)Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Washington:
  9. ^ Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft (1934)Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Washington:
  10. ^ Lange, Bruno (1970). Das Buch der deutschen Luftfahrttechnik. Verlag Dieter Hoffmann, p. 361.
  11. ^ Otto Meibes: Die Entwicklung der deutschen Automobilindustrie. Halle 1926, p. 166
  12. ^ "Orionette" - Unfortunately the very desmodromic lay-out of this interesting two-stroke engine still remains secret. Source: Motorrad Heft 10/1971 and Tragatsch, E. : The Ill. Encyclopedia of motorcycles.
  13. ^ OLDTIMER MARKT (Oldtimer-Magazin), Heft 7/93, Artikel von Claudia Franke-Brandau: Parken im Wohnzimmer: Der zerlegbare Kleinwagen des Berliner Erfinders Engelbert Zaschka von 1929, page 206
  14. ^ "Come-Apart Auto Invented", The Massena Observer, New York, March 12, 1931, p. 3
  15. ^ synchronofile.com: Dymaxion - Synergetics Stew January 2009

External links

  • Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Washington: Zaschka

Articles

Pictures

  • and Engelbert Zaschka (Berlin, 1934)Zaschka Human-Power AircraftThe
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.