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English national football team

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English national football team

This article is about the men's team. For the women's team, see England women's national football team.

England
Nickname(s) Three Lions
Association The Football Association
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Head coach Roy Hodgson
Asst coach Ray Lewington
Captain Steven Gerrard
Most caps Peter Shilton (125)
Top scorer Bobby Charlton (49)
Home stadium Wembley Stadium
FIFA code ENG
FIFA ranking 13
Highest FIFA ranking 3 (August 2012)
Lowest FIFA ranking 27 (February 1996)
Elo ranking 7
Highest Elo ranking 1 (1872–1876
1892–1911
1966–1970
1987–1988)
Lowest Elo ranking 13 (1936)
First colours
Second colours
First international
 Scotland 0–0 England England
(Partick, Scotland; 31 July 1872)
Biggest win
 Ireland 0–13 England England
(Belfast, Ireland; 31 July 1882)
Biggest defeat
 Hungary 7–1 England England
(Budapest, Hungary; 23 May 1954)
World Cup
Appearances 14 (First in 1950)
Best result Winners: 1966
European Championship
Appearances 8 (First in 1968)
Best result Third: 1968
Semi-finals: 1996

The England national football team represents England at football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England. England are the joint-oldest national football team in the world alongside , whom they played in the world's first international football match in 1872. England is one of the United Kingdom's Home Nations, meaning that it is permitted by FIFA to maintain its own national side.[1] England's home ground is Wembley Stadium, London, and the current team manager is Roy Hodgson.

England contest the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Football Championships, which alternate biennially. England won the World Cup in 1966, when they hosted the finals, defeating 4–2 in extra time in the final. Their best performance since has been a semi-final appearance in 1990. England have never won the UEFA European Football Championship – their best performances being semi-final appearances at the 1968 and 1996 Championships.

History

The England national football team is the joint-oldest in the world; it was formed at the same time as . A representative match between England and Scotland was played on 5 March 1870, having been organised by the Football Association. A return fixture was organised by representatives of Scottish football teams on 30 November 1872. This match, played at Hamilton Crescent in Scotland, is viewed as the first official international football match, because the two teams were independently selected and operated, rather than being the work of a single football association.[2] Over the next forty years, England played exclusively with the other three Home Nations—Scotland, and Ireland—in the British Home Championship.

To begin with, England had no permanent home stadium. They joined FIFA in 1906 and played their first ever games against countries other than the Home Nations on a tour of Central Europe in 1908. Wembley Stadium was opened in 1923 and became their home ground. The relationship between England and FIFA became strained, and this resulted in their departure from FIFA in 1928, before they rejoined in 1946. As a result, they did not compete in a World Cup until 1950, in which they were beaten in a 1–0 defeat by the , failing to get past the first round in one of the most embarrassing defeats in team history.[3] Their first ever defeat on home soil to a foreign team was a 0–2 loss to the on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Park. A 6–3 loss in 1953 to , was their second defeat to foreign team at Wembley. In the return match in Budapest, Hungary won 7–1. This still stands as England's worst ever defeat. After the game, a bewildered Syd Owen said, "it was like playing men from outer space".[4]

In the 1954 World Cup, two goals by Ivor Broadis saw him become the first England player to score two goals in a game at the World Cup finals. He beat Nat Lofthouse by 30 minutes when both scored 2 each in a thrilling 4–4 draw against . After reaching the quarter-finals for the first time, England lost 4–2 to .

Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as England's first ever full-time manager in 1946, the team was still picked by a committee until Alf Ramsey took over in 1963. The 1966 World Cup was hosted in England and Ramsey guided England to victory with a 4–2 win against West Germany after extra time in the final, during which Geoff Hurst famously scored a hat-trick. England qualified for the 1970 World Cup in Mexico as reigning cup holders. They reached the quarter-finals but were knocked out by West Germany. England had been 2–0 up but were eventually beaten 3–2 after extra time. They failed in qualification for the 1974, leading to Alf Ramsey's dismissal, and 1978 World Cups. Under Ron Greenwood they managed to qualify for the 1982 World Cup in Spain (the first time competitively since 1962), but were eliminated from a second qualifying round comprising further group matches without losing a game all tournament. The team under Bobby Robson fared better as England reached the quarter-finals of the 1986 World Cup, losing 2–1 to in a game made famous by two goals by Maradona for very contrasting reasons, before losing every match at the Euro 88 tournament. They next went on to achieve their second best result in the 1990 World Cup by finishing fourth – losing again to West Germany in a semi-final finishing 1–1 after extra time, then 3–4 in England's first penalty shoot-out. Despite finishing fourth the members of the England team were given bronze medals identical to the Italians. The England team of 1990 were welcomed home as heroes and thousands of people lined the streets for a spectacular open-top bus parade.

The 1990s saw four England managers, each in the role for a relatively brief period. Graham Taylor was Robson's successor, but left after England failed to qualify for the 1994 World Cup. At Euro 96, held in England, Terry Venables led England to their best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semifinals. He resigned following investigations into his financial activities and his successor, Glenn Hoddle, similarly left the job for non-footballing reasons after just one international tournament – the 1998 World Cup — in which England were eliminated in the second round again by Argentina and again on penalties (after a 2–2 draw). Following Hoddle's departure, Kevin Keegan took England to Euro 2000, but performances were disappointing and he resigned shortly afterwards.


Sven-Göran Eriksson took charge of the team between 2001 and 2006 and was the first non-English manager of England. Despite controversial press coverage of his personal life, Eriksson was consistently popular with the majority of fans. He guided England to the quarter-finals of the 2002 World Cup and 2006 World Cup. He lost only five competitive matches during his tenure and England rose to a No.4 world ranking under his guidance. His contract was extended by the Football Association by two years, however it was terminated by them at the 2006 World Cup's conclusion.

Steve McClaren was appointed as head coach. His reign yielded little success, with England failing to qualify for Euro 2008. McClaren was sacked unanimously by The Football Association on 22 November 2007 after only 16 months in charge. This made him the shortest-lasting full-time England manager since the inauguration of the post in 1946. He was replaced on 14 December 2007 by the former Real Madrid and FC Juventus manager Fabio Capello. Capello took charge of his first game on 6 February 2008 against , in which England won 2–1. Under Capello, England won all but one of their qualifying games for the 2010 World Cup. A 5–1 victory over at Wembley ensured the team qualified for the final tournament with two games to spare, a feat that had never been achieved before.

At the 2010 World Cup itself England drew their opening two games leading to questions about the team's spirit, tactics and ability to handle pressure.[5] They progressed to the next round, where they were beaten 4–1 by , their heaviest defeat in a World Cup.

In February 2012, Fabio Capello resigned from his role as England manager, following a disagreement with the FA over their request to remove John Terry from team captaincy after accusations of racial abuse concerning the player.[6] On 1 May 2012, Roy Hodgson was revealed as the new manager, just six weeks before Euro 2012.[7] England managed to finish top of their group, winning two and drawing one of their fixtures, but exited the Championships in the quarter-finals with yet another penalty shoot-out defeat, this time to .[8]

Home stadium

For the first fifty years of their existence, England played their home matches all around the country. They initially used cricket grounds before later moving on to football clubs' stadiums. The original Empire Stadium was built in Wembley, London, for the British Empire Exhibition. England played their first match at the stadium in 1924 against Scotland and for the next 27 years Wembley was used as a venue for matches against Scotland only. The stadium later became known simply as Wembley Stadium and it became England's permanent home stadium during the 1950s. This stadium was demolished in 2001 and work began to completely rebuild it. During this time, England played at a number of different venues across the country, though by the time of the 2006 World Cup qualifiers this had largely settled down to having Manchester United's Old Trafford stadium as the primary venue, with Newcastle United's St. James' Park used on occasions where Old Trafford was unavailable. They returned to the new Wembley Stadium in 2007. The stadium is now owned by the Football Association via its subsidiary Wembley National Stadium Limited.

Media coverage

All England matches are broadcast with full commentary on BBC Radio 5 Live. From the 2008–09 season until the 2017–18 season, England's home and away qualifiers, and friendlies both home and away are broadcast live on ITV. England's away qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup were shown on Setanta Sports until that company's collapse. As a result of Setanta Sports's demise, England's World Cup qualifier in Ukraine on 10 October 2009 was shown in the UK on a pay-per-view basis via the internet only. This one-off event was the first time an England game had been screened in such a way. The number of subscribers, paying between £4.99 and £11.99 each, was estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000 and the total number of viewers at around 500,000.[9]

Colours

England's Brazil-style third kit from 1973

England's traditional home colours are white shirts, navy blue shorts and white or black socks. The team has periodically worn an all-white kit. Adidas, Umbro and Admiral have been the main designer of the England kits, although Nike took over as kit supplier in 2013.

Although England's first away kits were blue, England's traditional away colours are red shirts, white shorts and red socks. In 1996, England's away kit was changed to grey shirts, shorts and socks. This kit was only worn three times, including against Germany in the semi-final of Euro 96 but the deviation from the traditional red was unpopular with supporters and the England away kit remained red until 2011, when a navy blue away kit was introduced. The away kit is also sometimes worn during home matches, when a new edition has been released to promote it.

England have occasionally had a third kit. At the 1970 World Cup England wore a third kit with pale blue shirts, shorts and socks against Czechoslovakia. They had a kit similar to 's, with yellow shirts, yellow socks and blue shorts which they wore in the summer of 1973. For the World Cup in 1986 England had a third kit of pale blue, imitating that worn in Mexico sixteen years before and England retained pale blue third kits until 1992, but they were rarely used.

Historic kits

Home
WC 1950 WC 1954 WC 1958 WC 1962
Away
Home
Away
Home
Away
Home
Home/Away
Away
vs and
vs All the matches not used All the matches not used vs vs vs
WC 1966 Euro 1968 WC 1970 Euro 1980
Home
Home 2
Away
Home
Home
Third
Away
Home
vs , ,
and
vs vs West Germany vs Yugoslavia and
USSR
vs
and
vs Czechoslovakia vs West Germany All the matches
WC 1982 WC 1986 Euro 1988 WC 1990 and Euro 1992
Home
Away
Home
Home 2
Away
Home
Home
Away
vs Czechoslovakia,
and Spain
vs West Germany
and France
vs all except
vs Argentina not used All the matches All the matches not used
Euro 1996 WC 1998 Euro 2000 WC 2002
Home
Away
Home
Home 2
Away
Home
Away
Home
Away
vs all except
vs Germany vs
and
vs Argentina vs vs Romania
and
vs Germany vs ,
and
vs Argentina
and
Euro 2004 WC 2006 WC 2010 Euro 2012
Home
Away
Home
Away
Home
Away
Home
Away
vs all except
vs Croatia vs all except
vs Sweden vs and
vs and
vs all except
Sweden
vs Sweden

Coaching staff

[10][11][12][13][14][15]

Manager Roy Hodgson
Assistant manager Ray Lewington
First Team Coach Gary Neville
Goalkeeping coach David Watson>
Dave Beasant
Fitness Coach Chris Neville
Kitman Tom McKechnie
Masseur Mark Sertori
Physiotherapist Gary Lewin
Other backroom staff Dan Hitch
Roger Narbett
Steve Slattery
Lewis Kelton
Rod Thornley
Ian Beasley

Squad

Current squad

The following players have been called up to the squad for the friendly matches against on 15 November 2013 and on 19 November 2013.

Caps and goals updated as of 19 November 2013.

0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Joe Hart (1987-04-19) 19 April 1987 (age 27) 38 0 England Manchester City
13 1GK John Ruddy (1986-10-24) 24 October 1986 (age 27) 1 0 England Norwich City
23 1GK Fraser Forster (1988-03-17) 17 March 1988 (age 26) 1 0 Scotland Celtic
3 2DF Ashley Cole (1980-12-20) 20 December 1980 (age 33) 106 0 England Chelsea
12 2DF Glen Johnson (1984-08-23) 23 August 1984 (age 29) 49 1 England Liverpool
6 2DF Phil Jagielka (1982-08-17) 17 August 1982 (age 31) 24 1 England Everton
14 2DF Leighton Baines (1984-12-11) 11 December 1984 (age 29) 22 1 England Everton
16 2DF Gary Cahill (1985-12-19) 19 December 1985 (age 28) 22 2 England Chelsea
2 2DF Kyle Walker (1990-05-28) 28 May 1990 (age 24) 10 0 England Tottenham Hotspur
5 2DF Chris Smalling (1989-11-22) 22 November 1989 (age 24) 9 0 England Manchester United
26 2DF Phil Jones (1992-02-21) 21 February 1992 (age 22) 9 0 England Manchester United
15 2DF Kieran Gibbs (1989-09-26) 26 September 1989 (age 24) 3 0 England Arsenal
4 3MF Steven Gerrard (1980-05-30) 30 May 1980 (age 34) 108 21 England Liverpool
18 3MF Frank Lampard (1978-06-20) 20 June 1978 (age 36) 103 29 England Chelsea
17 3MF James Milner (1986-01-04) 4 January 1986 (age 28) 44 1 England Manchester City
20 3MF Jack Wilshere (1992-01-01) 1 January 1992 (age 22) 14 0 England Arsenal
8 3MF Tom Cleverley (1989-08-12) 12 August 1989 (age 24) 13 0 England Manchester United
21 3MF Jordan Henderson (1990-06-17) 17 June 1990 (age 24) 7 0 England Liverpool
11 3MF Andros Townsend (1991-07-16) 16 July 1991 (age 23) 4 1 England Tottenham Hotspur
19 3MF Ross Barkley (1993-12-05) 5 December 1993 (age 20) 3 0 England Everton
7 3MF Adam Lallana (1988-05-10) 10 May 1988 (age 26) 2 0 England Southampton
10 4FW Wayne Rooney (1985-10-24) 24 October 1985 (age 28) 88 38 England Manchester United
24 4FW Jermain Defoe (1982-10-07) 7 October 1982 (age 31) 55 19 England Tottenham Hotspur
9 4FW Daniel Sturridge (1989-09-01) 1 September 1989 (age 24) 9 2 England Liverpool
22 4FW Rickie Lambert (1982-02-16) 16 February 1982 (age 32) 4 2 England Southampton
25 4FW Jay Rodriguez (1989-07-29) 29 July 1989 (age 25) 1 0 England Southampton

Recent callups

The following players have also been called up to the England squad within the last twelve months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Ben Foster (1983-04-03) 3 April 1983 (age 31) 6 0 England West Bromwich Albion v  Scotland, 14 August 2013
GK Alex McCarthy (1989-12-03) 3 December 1989 (age 24) 0 0 England Reading v  Brazil, 2 June 2013
GK Jack Butland (1993-03-10) 10 March 1993 (age 21) 1 0 England Barnsley v  Brazil, 6 February 2013
DF Steven Caulker (1991-12-29) 29 December 1991 (age 22) 1 1 Wales Cardiff City v  Moldova, 6 September 2013
DF Joleon Lescott (1982-08-16) 16 August 1982 (age 31) 26 1 England Manchester City v  Brazil, 2 June 2013
DF Steven Taylor (1986-01-23) 23 January 1986 (age 28) 0 0 England Newcastle United v  Montenegro, 26 March 2013
DF Michael Dawson (1983-11-18) 18 November 1983 (age 30) 4 0 England Tottenham Hotspur v  San Marino, 22 March 2013
MF Michael Carrick (1981-07-28) 28 July 1981 (age 33) 31 0 England Manchester United v  Chile, 15 November 2013
MF Raheem Sterling (1994-12-08) 8 December 1994 (age 19) 1 0 England Liverpool v  Montenegro, 11 October 2013
MF Ashley Young (1985-07-09) 9 July 1985 (age 29) 30 7 England Manchester United v  Ukraine, 10 September 2013
MF Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain (1993-08-15) 15 August 1993 (age 20) 13 3 England Arsenal v  Scotland, 14 August 2013
MF Jack Rodwell (1991-03-11) 11 March 1991 (age 23) 3 0 England Manchester City v  Brazil, 2 June 2013
MF Scott Parker (1980-10-13) 13 October 1980 (age 33) 18 0 England Fulham v  Montenegro, 26 March 2013
MF Leon Osman (1981-05-17) 17 May 1981 (age 33) 2 0 England Everton v  Montenegro, 26 March 2013
MF Aaron Lennon (1987-04-16) 16 April 1987 (age 27) 21 0 England Tottenham Hotspur v  San Marino, 22 March 2013
FW Danny Welbeck (1990-11-26) 26 November 1990 (age 23) 20 8 England Manchester United v  Chile, 15 November 2013
FW Theo Walcott (1989-03-16) 16 March 1989 (age 25) 36 5 England Arsenal v  Ukraine, 10 September 2013
FW Wilfried Zaha (1992-11-10) 10 November 1992 (age 21) 2 0 England Manchester United v  Scotland, 14 August 2013
FW Andy Carroll (1989-01-06) 6 January 1989 (age 25) 9 2 England West Ham United v  Republic of Ireland, 29 May 2013

Previous squads

Competitive record

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