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Epiglottal stop

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Title: Epiglottal stop  
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Subject: Voiced epiglottal affricate, Voiced epiglottal trill, Pharyngeal consonant, List of consonants, Stop consonant
Collection: Plosives
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Epiglottal stop

Epiglottal stop
(pharyngeal stop)
ʡ
IPA number 173
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ʡ
Unicode (hex) U+02A1
X-SAMPA >\
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23)
Sound
 ·

The epiglottal or pharyngeal stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʡ.

Epiglottal and pharyngeal consonants occur at the same place of articulation. Esling (2010) describes the sound covered by the term "epiglottal plosive" as an "active closure by the aryepiglottic pharyngeal stricture mechanism" – that is, a stop produced by the aryepiglottic folds within the pharynx.[1]

Contents

  • Features 1
  • Occurrence 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Bibliography 5

Features

The epiglottis is labelled as "12" in this diagram.

Features of the epiglottal stop:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Amis QuQul [ʡuʡuɺ̠ᵊ] 'fog' May have a trilled release, ʢ].
Archi гӀарз [ʡarz] 'complaint'
Dahalo[2] [ndoːʡo] 'floor'
Haida Northern dialects antl [ʡʌntɬ] 'water' Corresponds to /ɢ̥/ in southern dialects.
Jah Hut [ɲɔˑhɔˑʡ] 'tree'

See also

References

  1. ^ John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed., p 695.
  2. ^ Maddieson et al. (1993:?)

Bibliography

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