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Erwin Neher

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Subject: Bert Sakmann, List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
Collection: 1944 Births, Electrophysiologists, Foreign Members of the Royal Society, German Biophysicists, German Nobel Laureates, Grand Crosses with Star and Sash of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Leibniz Prize Winners, Living People, Max Planck Society People, Members of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Members of the European Molecular Biology Organization, Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences, Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine, People from Landsberg Am Lech, Recipients of the Pour Le Mérite (Civil Class), Studienstiftung Alumni, Technische Universität München Alumni, University of Göttingen Faculty, University of Wisconsin–madison Alumni
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Erwin Neher

Erwin Neher (born 20 March 1944) is a German biophysicist, specializing in the field of cell physiology. For significant contribution in the field, in 1991 he was awarded, along with Bert Sakmann, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for "their discoveries concerning the function of single ion channels in cells".[1][2][3]

Early life and education

Neher was born in Landsberg am Lech, Upper Bavaria, the son of Elisabeth (née Pfeiffer), a teacher, and Franz Xaver Neher, an executive at a dairy company.[4] He studied physics at the Technical University of Munich from 1963 to 1966.

In 1966, he was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship to study in the US. He spent a year at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, and earned a master's degree in biophysics.

In 2003 Neher was one of 22 Nobel Laureates who signed the Humanist Manifesto.[5]

Career

In 1986, he was awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University together with Bert Sakmann. In 1987, he received the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, which is the highest honour awarded in German research. Along with Bert Sakmann, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1991 for "their discoveries concerning the function of single ion channels in cells".[6] Neher and Sakmann were the first to record the currents of single ion channels on a live cell (they were first recorded using the lipid bilayer method) through their development of the patch-clamp technique,[7][8][9][1] a project Neher began as a postdoctoral research associate in the laboratory of Charles F. Stevens at Yale.

He is now a director at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen and heads its Department for Membrane Biophysics. He is also a Professor at the University of Göttingen and a co-chair of the Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience Göttingen.

Honors and awards

Neher was awarded an Honorary degree from the University of Pavia in 2000. He was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1994.[10]

References

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