Eureka brass band

The Eureka Brass Band is the name given to two brass bands; one from Luisiana, formed around 1881, and the other from New Orleans, formed around 1920.

Eureka Brass Band (Luisiana)

The first was a local brass band organized in the town of Lake Charles, Louisiana around 1881.[1] It is difficult to find any reference to the group after the 1890s and they are assumed to have disbanded.

It comprised consisted of several leading citizens of the time included Rudolph Krause, Walter Moeling, Dr. W.A. Knapp, Willie Mayo, Louis Runte, D.C. Taylor, Elanson Clark, Ferdinand Roy, Steve Sadlock, Paul Sullivan, Frank Shellman, Charles Winterhalder, and Ernest Taylor.[2]

Eureka Brass Band (New Orleans)

The Eureka Brass Band was a brass band from New Orleans, active from 1920 to 1975, that recorded prolifically for Atlantic Records, Pax, Alamac, Folkways, Jazzology, and Sounds of New Orleans.

The group's membership varied at any given time, usually holding between nine and eleven members. The typical instrumentation was three trumpets, two trombones, two reeds, tuba, snare drum, and bass drum.

The group was founded by trumpeter Willie Wilson, and its early members included clarinetists Willie Parker, John Casimir, George Lewis and Kid Rena. In the 1930s Wilson became ill, and trumpeter Alcide Landry had nominal control over the band, but after 1937, when Wilson's condition forced him to leave, trombonist Joseph "Red" Clark became the group's leader briefly, followed by Dominique "T-Boy" Remy (1937-46) and then Percy Humphrey, who led the group for the remainder of its existence.

Line-ups

A 1951 album New Orleans Parade features the players Humphrey, trombonists Charles "Sunny" Henry and Albert Warner, and saxophonist Emanuel Paul.

A mid-1950s line-up comprised Robert Lewis (bass drum); Percy Humphrey, Kid Shick Colar, and Charlie Love (trumpets); Sonny Henry and Albert Warner (trombones); Ruben Roddy (alto sax); Emanuel Paul (tenor sax), and Red Clark (sousaphone),[3] while another, from 1954, included Willie Pajeaud on trumpet.[4]

Their 1962 sessions Jazz at Preservation Hall, Vol. 1: the Eureka Brass Band of New Orleans, issued on Atlantic Records, features Humphrey and his brother, clarinetist Willie Humphrey, trumpeters Kid Sheik Cola and Pete Bocage, trombonists Albert Warner and Oscar "Chicken" Henry, Emanuel Paul on tenor sax, Wilbert "Bird" Tillman on sousaphone, snare drummer Josiah "Cie" Frazier, and bass drummer Robert "Son Fewclothes" Lewis.

The group disbanded after 1975, but Humphrey occasionally revived the name for festival performances and other appearances.

References

Bibliography

  • Bruce Eder, Eureka Brass Band at Allmusic
  • Schafer/Kernfeld, "Eureka Brass Band". Grove Jazz online.
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