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Evonik Industries AG

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Evonik Industries AG

Evonik Industries AG
Aktiengesellschaft
Traded as
Industry Speciality chemicals
Founded 2007
Headquarters Essen, Germany
Key people Klaus Engel (Chairman), Wilhelm Bonse-Geuking (Chairman of the supervisory board)
Products Chemicals
Revenue Increase €13.629 billion (2012)[1]
Operating income Decrease €1.953 billion (2012)[1]
Profit Increase €1.164 billion (2012)[1]
Total assets Decrease €9.831 billion (31 Dec. 2012)[1]
Total equity Increase €6.831 billion (31 Dec. 2010)[1]
Employees 33.298 (31 Dec. 2012)[1]
Website Borussia Dortmund.

History

Founding of the company

Historically, Evonik Industries' businesses were part of RAG activities. The idea of splitting the company was put forward in 2005. The background of this idea was that RAG's core business of coal mining is carried out under government contract in Germany, while businesses transferred to Evonik compete on international markets. This structure did not permit the payment of dividends to the shareholders, which limited shareholders' readiness to inject equity into the RAG, which restricted the company's ability to access fresh capital. As the first step, RAG’s shareholders sold their shares to RAG foundation (RAG-Stiftung) to split RAG. The Foundation was established on 10 July 2007, and Evonik Industries was created on 12 September 2007.

The original plan foresaw IPO of Evonik Industries in the first half of 2008. However, this plan was postponed until mid-2010 at the earliest, and the RAG Foundation started to look for strategic investors, while still holding on to the plans for midterm IPO.[2][3] In June 2008, the private equity firm CVC Capital Partners bought a stake of 25.01% in the company.[4] Among many other private equity investors who bid for the stake (amongst them Blackstone Group and 3i), Russian Gazprom was reported to have considered buying a stake in Evonik Industries.[5] The IPO, by now planned for fall of 2011, was once again postponed in September 2011, this time citing the "current state of financial and capital markets and their prospects." [6]

Ownership structure since 2008

Finally, since 2008 the ownership structure of the Evonik Industries AG is composed as follows:[7]

  • 74,99% is held by the RAG Foundation
  • 25,01% is held by Gabriel Acquisitions GmbH (a company owned by funds advised by CVC Capital Partners)

Historical significance

In 2006, RAG acquired Degussa AG,[8] which was later renamed Evonik-Degussa GmbH. In 1998, Degussa instructed the American historian Peter Hayes to clarify the company history during the Third Reich.[9] One of the former subsidiaries of Degussa, the Degesch (translation: German Corporation for Pest control), was the main manufacturer and distributor of the chemical Zyklon B, which was used to execute people in gas chambers of German death camps during the Holocaust.[10] Degussa had also processed gold dental fillings removed from the mouths of death-camp inmates. This removal caused severe bleeding.[10] The historical significance of Degussa appeared again in the publicity during their involvement in the building of the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin, because the plasticizer and the anti-graffiti coating were produced by Degussa. Therefore, the work on the memorial was interrupted to clarify the situation. In November 2003, the trustees decided to finish the building with the involvement of Degussa.[11]

Operations

After concentrating operations to the holding's core the former business areas Energy and Real Estate are now mere financial investments, leaving the chemical business area of Evonik as the only one operated by Evonik Industries.[12]

Chemicals Business Area


The Chemicals Business Area of Evonik emerged from Evonik Degussa GmbH (formerly Degussa GmbH — an acronym of Deutsche Gold- und Silber-Scheide-Anstalt (German Gold and Silver Metals Separating Works)) based in Essen, Germany. It employs about 34,000[13] people and is one of the world's largest producers of specialty chemicals. It includes six business units: Advanced Intermediates, Consumer Specialities, Coatings & Additives, Inorganic Materials, Health & Nutrition and Performance Polymers.[14] Degussa was acquired by RAG in 2006. Its latest acquisition is the Tippecanoe Labs plant site at Lafayette, Indiana from Eli Lilly on 1 January 2010.[15]

Energy Business Area

The energy business portion of Evonik is operated through Evonik Steag GmbH (formerly STEAG), which is the fifth largest power company in Germany, based in Essen. The company operates eleven hard coal-fired power plants, of which nine are located in Germany, and one in Turkey, Colombia and Philippines, and two industrial power plants. It operates also in the field of transport, processing and distribution of hard coal, coke and byproducts from coal processing, as also in the field of gas supply, transport and trading. In December 2010 Evonik Industries signed an agreement to sell 51% of shares in its energy business to a consortium of municipal utilities in Germany´s Rhine-Ruhr region. The agreement was finalized on 2 March 2011. Evonik will be selling its remaining stake to this majority partner within five years.[16]

Real Estate Business Area

Evonik Immobilien GmbH manages around 60,000 company-owned residential units in Germany. In addition, it has a 50% stake in the TreuHandStelle GmbH, which manages more than 70,000 residential units. Evonik Immobilien GmbH is to be amalgamated with TreuHandStelle GmbH and placed on a more independent basis in the medium term.[12]

Corporate Responsibility

In 2008, Evonik Industries developed its Corporate Responsibility (CR) strategy as an inherent part of the corporate strategy and corporate culture. Three principles constitute the basic modules of the company´s CR:[17]

  • The Code of Conduct represents the most important corporate policy principles and standards and is binding for all employees worldwide.
  • The Global Social Policy obliges the employees to adhere to core values based on international rules and standards.
  • The ESHQ Policy sets out the commitments of Evonik Industries regarding the corporate values Environment, Safety, Health and Quality (ESHQ).

Evonik Industries is a member of the United Nations Global Compact. Furthermore, the company is committed to the Responsible Care initiative to constantly improve the company´s performance in health, security, environment and product stewardship. The annual CR report of Evonik Industries is based on the standards of the Global Reporting Initiative.

Sponsoring

  • Evonik is the main sponsor of Borussia Dortmund (BVB) since season 2006/2007
  • Evonik was one of the sponsors of the World Chess Championship 2008
  • Evonik supports the work of the epicopal activity "Adveniat" for the improvement of the environment in Latin America

2012 Cyclododecatriene plant fire

In March 2012, a fire at the Degussa plant[18] in Marl,[19] stopped production of cyclododecatriene (CDT) for an expected duration of several months. The plant produced a substantial proportion of the world's production of CDT, particularly that needed to produce laurolactam, a precursor to the polyamide PA12. This shortage in turn led to concerns for global production of finished goods, particularly in the automotive industry.[20] Other biobased polyamides, not dependent on laurolactam or CDT, have been put forward as alternative materials.[19]

References

Bibliography

  • Peter Hayes, From Cooperation to Complicity: Degussa in the Third Reich (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2004).

External links

  • Evonik Industries website
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