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Exposition Park Rose Garden

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Title: Exposition Park Rose Garden  
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Subject: Rose Garden, Exposition Park (Los Angeles), List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in South Los Angeles
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Exposition Park Rose Garden

Exposition Park Rose Garden
Exposition Park Rose Garden, 2008
Exposition Park Rose Garden
Location Exposition Park, jct. of Exposition Blvd. and Vermont Ave., Los Angeles, California

34°1′1″N 118°17′6″W / 34.01694°N 118.28500°W / 34.01694; -118.28500Coordinates: 34°1′1″N 118°17′6″W / 34.01694°N 118.28500°W / 34.01694; -118.28500

Architect Unknown
Architectural style No Style Listed
Governing body State
NRHP Reference #


Added to NRHP March 28, 1991

The Exposition Park Rose Garden is a historic 7-acre (28,000 m2) sunken garden located in Exposition Park in Los Angeles, California. It has been called "one of the city's best-kept secrets."[2] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.

Establishment of the rose garden

From 1871 to 1911, the site of the rose garden was part of the city's Agricultural Park. The rose garden area was then used for horse, camel, dog, and later automobile racing; it also reportedly housed the city's longest bar and "one of its most stylish brothels."[3] In 1914, the city announced plans to construct a wildflower garden at the park,[4] but the rose garden was not built until 1927 with the planting of 15,000 bushes of more than 100 varieties.[5][6] When the garden was announced, the Los Angeles Times applauded the project: "No more fitting tribute could be paid to the spirit of Southern California than to erect in the center of her largest city the greatest rose garden in the world."[7] During the Great Depression, the lack of funding threatened the closure of the rose garden, then described as "the largest rose garden in the world."[8]

Boldsen statues

In 1936, four large marble statues by Danish sculptor Thyra Boldsen were installed on pedestals at the four corners of the garden. The statues were titled "Nymph Finding Pipes of Pan," "The Blessing" (dedicated to the mothers of the world), "The Start" (awarded first prize by the Danish Academy of Fine Arts), and "Terpsichore" (or "Melody of Life").[9] The sculptor explained her intent with the statues this way: "In conceiving and executing these four figures dedicated to womanhood and motherhood, I have had in mind that men for centuries have erected statues symbolizing bravery—these symbolize love, life and joy."[10]

Popularity of the Rose Garden

In the 1950s, the annual pruning demonstration drew thousands of rose enthusiasts to the park.[11][12][13] By the mid-1980s, the garden had more than 20,000 rose bushes and more than 200 varieties of roses.[14][15] The All-America Rose Selection, a rose growers organization, began donating its Rose of the Year to the garden in 1940.[15] The garden is reportedly visited by more than a million people a year and is a popular location for weddings, reflection, and other events.[16] The garden also has four gazebos, several statues, and a central fountain. The garden is located adjacent to the University of Southern California campus, the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, and the California Science Center.

Threat to the Rose Garden and historic designation

In 1986, plans to dig up the garden to build an underground parking garage led to protests in the media.[15][17] The Los Angeles Times ran an editorial opposing the plan: "There are times when the leaders of Los Angeles seem perversely intent on living up to the image that many outsiders have of them—insensitive and uncouth rabbits who would, say, dig up a garden to put in a parking lot."[18] The garden had also been threatened by an earlier proposal by the Los Angeles Raiders football team to convert the garden into a practice field for the team.[16] In order to protect the garden from such threats, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.

Film and television

The exterior of the Old Armory Building, abutting the eastern edge of the Rose Garden, is used in establishing shots of the fictional Jeffersonian Center, in the TV series Bones.

See also


External links

  • Official web site for the Exposition Park Rose Garden
  • One of Los Angeles' Best Kept Secrets - The Exposition Rose Garden
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