World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Félicien Rops

Félicien Rops
Detail from The Members of the
Société Libre des Beaux-Arts

by Edmond Lambrichs
Born (1833-07-07)7 July 1833
Died 23 August 1898(1898-08-23) (aged 65)
Essonnes (present-day Corbeil-Essonnes)
Nationality Belgian
Known for Printmaking, Etching
Movement Symbolism and Decadence

Félicien Rops (7 July 1833 – 23 August 1898) was a Belgian artist, known primarily as a printmaker in etching and aquatint.


  • Early life 1
  • Relationship with Baudelaire 2
  • Later life 3
  • Art 4
  • Gallery 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Early life

Rops was born in Namur, the only son of Sophie Maubile and Nicholas Rops,[1] who was a textile manufacturer.[2] After his first artistic training at a local academy, he relocated to Brussels at the age of twenty[2] and briefly attended the University of Brussels.[3] He subsequently attended the Académie de Saint-Luc and began creating satirical lithographs which were published in the student magazine Le Crocodile. These and the lithographs he contributed until 1862 to the magazine Uylenspiegel brought him early fame as a caricaturist.[2]

In 1857, he married Charlotte Polet de Faveaux, with whom he had two children, Paul and Juliette (the latter died at a young age).[1] He produced a number of etchings as illustrations for books by Charles de Coster. In 1862 he went to Paris where he met the etchers Félix Bracquemond and Jules Ferdinand Jacquemart. His activity as a lithographer ceased about 1865, and he became a restless experimenter with etching techniques.[2]

Felicien Rops in his Studio by Paul Mathey

Relationship with Baudelaire

Rops met Charles Baudelaire towards the end of the poet's life in 1864, and Baudelaire left an impression upon him that lasted until the end of his days.[4] Rops created the frontispiece for Baudelaire's Les Épaves, a selection of poems from Les Fleurs du mal that had been censored in France, and which therefore were published in Belgium.

His association with Baudelaire and with the art he represented won his work the admiration of many other writers, including Théophile Gautier, Alfred de Musset, Stéphane Mallarmé, Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly, and Joséphin Péladan. He was closely associated with the literary movement of Symbolism and Decadence.

Later life

After the failure of his marriage, Rops moved to Paris in 1874[5] where he lived with two sisters, Aurélie and Léontine Duluc. With Léontine, he had one daughter, Claire,[6] who went on to marry the Belgian author Eugène Demolder.

Rops was one of the founding members of Société Libre des Beaux-Arts of Brussels (Free Society of Fine Arts, 1868–1876) and Les XX ("The Twenty", formed 1883). Rops's eyesight began to fail in 1892. He kept up his literary associations until his death.

Félicien Rops was a freemason and a member of the Grand Orient of Belgium.[7]


Like the works of the authors whose poetry he illustrated, his work tends to mingle [2]

Rops often combined soft-ground etching—a technique practiced by few artists of his day—with mezzotint or aquatint, and sometimes added hand-coloring to his plates. His etchings were popular, and influenced many younger artists, including Symbolists such as Edvard Munch and Max Klinger.[2]



  1. ^ a b Bonnier, B.; Maliconi, N.; Carpiaux, V. "Félicien Rops Biography 1833-1861". Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Hoffmann, Edith, "Rops, Félicien", Oxford Art Online
  3. ^ Rops, Félicien, and Brison, Charles (1969). Pornocrates: an introduction to the life and work of Felicien Rops, 1833-1898. Skilton. p. 10.
  4. ^ "Biography of Félicien Rops" (PDF). Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "Rops, Félicien". 21 March 2008. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  6. ^ "Félicien Rops Biography 1874-1888". Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  7. ^ Felicien Rops "Félicien Rops (1833-1898)" . Retrieved 21 August 2008. 


  • P. & V. Berko, "Dictionary of Belgian painters born between 1750 & 1875", Knokke 1981, p. 565-566.
  • P. & V. Berko, "19th Century European Virtuoso Painters", Knokke 2011, p. 513, illustrations p. 145.

External links

  • The Musée Félicien Rops in Namur (English, French)
  • Félicien Rops paintings
  • Rops correspondence at Mount Holyoke College
  • Works by Félicien Rops at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about Félicien Rops at Internet Archive

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.