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FC Spartak Moscow

Spartak Moscow
Full name Футбольный клуб Спартак Москва
(Football Club Spartak-Moscow)
Nickname(s) Narodnaya komanda (The People's Team)
Svinyi (The Pigs)
Krasno-Belye (The Red-Whites)
Myaso (The Meat)
Founded 18 April 1922 (1922-04-18)
Ground Otkrytie Arena
Ground Capacity 45,360
Owner Leonid Fedun
Chairman Sergey Rodionov
Manager Dmitri Alenichev
League Russian Premier League
2014–15 Russian Premier League, 6th
Website Club home page

FC Spartak Moscow (Russian: Футбольный клуб «Спартак» Москва ) is a Russian football club from Moscow. Having won 12 Soviet championships (second only to Dynamo Kyiv) and nine Russian championships, they are one of the country's most successful clubs. They have also won the Soviet Cup ten times and the Russian Cup three times. Spartak have also reached the semi-finals of all three European club competitions.

Historically, the club was a part of the

Contents

  • History 1
    • Foundation 1.1
    • Soviet period 1.2
    • Modern period 1.3
  • Achievements 2
    • Domestic competitions 2.1
    • International competitions 2.2
    • Non-official 2.3
  • Notable European campaigns 3
  • UEFA Team Ranking 2015 4
  • League history 5
    • Soviet Union 5.1
    • Russia 5.2
    • Most league goals for Spartak 5.3
  • Nickname 6
  • Rival teams 7
  • Stadium 8
  • Players 9
    • Current squad 9.1
    • Out on loan 9.2
    • Reserve squad 9.3
    • Spartak-2 9.4
  • Personnel 10
  • Spartak-2 Personnel 11
  • Managers 12
  • Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors 13
  • Crest 14
  • Affiliated clubs 15
  • Notable players 16
  • References 17
  • Further reading 18
  • External links 19

History

Foundation

In the early days of Soviet football, many government agencies such as the police, army and railroads created their own

In 1922, the Moscow Sport Circle (Moscow sport club of Krasnopresnensky district) (МКС, Московский кружок спорта), later named Krasnaya Presnya, was formed by Ivan Artemyev and involved Tomsky Stadium, known as Pishcheviki. The team changed sponsors repeatedly over the following years as it competed with Dinamo Moscow, whose 35,000 seat Dinamo Stadium lay close by.

As a high-profile sportsman, Starostin came into close contact with Alexander Kosarev, secretary of the Komsomol (Communist Union of Youth) who already had a strong influence on sport and wanted to extend it. In November 1934, with funding from Promkooperatsiia, Kosarev employed Starostin and his brothers to develop his team to make it more powerful. Again the team changed its name, this time to Spartak Moscow.

The club founders, four Starostin brothers, played a big role in the formation of the team. The Starostins played for the red-whites in the 1930s but right before World War II they were subjected to repression as the leaders of the most hated team by the state authorities. Elder brother Nikolai Starostin wrote in his books that he had survived in the State Prison System due to his participation in football and with Spartak. After the political rehabilitation, in 1954, he would later return to the team as the squad's manager.

Soviet period

In 1935, Starostin proposed the name Spartak that was derived from Spartacus, a gladiator-slave who led a rebellion against Rome, and was inspired by eponymous book by Raffaello Giovagnoli. Starostin is also credited with the creation of the Spartak logo.[1] The same year, the club became a part of newly-created Spartak sports society.

Spartak's third logo, still in use by the sports society.

Czechoslovak manager Antonin Fivebr is credited as the first head coach of Spartak, though he worked as a consultant in several clubs simultaneously.[2] In 1936, the Soviet Top League was established, where its first championship was won by Dynamo Moscow while Spartak won its second, which was held in the same calendar year. Before World War II, Spartak earned two more titles.[3] In 1937 Spartak won the football tournament of Workers' Olympiad at Antwerp.

During the 1950s, Spartak, together with Dynamo, dominated the Soviet Top League. When the Soviet national team won gold medals at the Melbourne Olympics, it consisted largely of Spartak players. Spartak captain Igor Netto was the captain of the national team from 1954 to 1963. In the 1960s, Spartak won two league titles, but by the mid-1960s, Spartak was no more regarded as a leading Soviet club. The club was even less successful in the 1970s and in 1976 Spartak was relegated into the lower league.

During the following season, the stadium was still full as the club's fans stayed with the team during its time in the lower division. Dynamo Kyiv and thanks to Spartak supporters, the period is considered to be the start of the modern-style fans' movement in the Soviet Union.

On 20 October 1982, disaster struck during the UEFA Cup match between Spartak and Dutch club HFC Haarlem. Sixty-six people died in a stampede during the match,[4] making it Russia's worst sporting disaster.

In 1989, Spartak won the its last USSR Championship, rivals Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 in the closing round. Spartak's striker Valery Shmarov scored the "golden" free kick with almost no time left. The next season, Spartak reached the European Cup semi-final, consequently eliminating Napoli on penalties and Real Madrid (with 3–1 away victory), but losing to Marseille.

Modern period

View of the Otkrytie Arena.

A new page in the club’s history began when the Soviet Union collapsed and its championship ceased to exist. In the newly-created Russian league, Spartak, led by coach and president Oleg Romantsev, dominated and won all but one title between 1992 and 2001. Year-after-year the team also represented Russia in the Champions League.

Problems began in the new century, however. Several charismatic players (Ilya Tsymbalar and Andrey Tikhonov among others) left the club as a result of conflict with Romantsev. Later, Romantsev sold his stock to oil magnate Andrei Chervichenko, who in 2003 became the club president. The two were soon embroiled in a row that would continue until Romantsev was sacked in 2003 with the club suffering several sub-par seasons until Chervichenko finally sold his stock in 2004. The new ownership made a number of front office changes with the aim of returning the team to the top of the Russian Premier League.[5]

In the 2005 season, Spartak, led by Aleksandrs Starkovs, finished second in the league following an impressive run to beat Lokomotiv Moscow, Zenit Saint Petersburg and Rubin Kazan to the last Champions League place.

Following a mixed start to the 2006 season and public criticism from Dmitry Alenichev, the team's captain and one of its most experienced players, the Starkovs left his position to Vladimir Fedotov.

Spartak has been entitled to place a golden star on its badge since 2003 to commemorate winning five Russian championships in 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996 and 1997. They have won the championship another four times since 1997. Since 2013, the club have added another three stars as rules allowed teams to include titles won during the Soviet era.

Football kit
Spartak '30s
Football kit
Spartak '40s
Football kit
Spartak '50s-'60s
Football kit
Spartak 1963,1971 Soviet Cup final

Achievements

Domestic competitions

1936 (autumn), 1938, 1939, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1958, 1962, 1969, 1979, 1987, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001
1938, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1971, 1992, 1993–94, 1997–98, 2003
1977
    • Runners-up : none
1987
    • Runners-up : none

International competitions

1993, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2001

Non-official

1982
    • Runners-up : none
2012
    • Runners-up : none

Notable European campaigns

UEFA Team Ranking 2015

Rank Country Team Points
51 Celtic 38.030
52 Roma 37.968
53 Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 37.333
54 Spartak Moscow 36.699
55 Racing Genk 36.500
56 Fiorentina 36.488
57 Trabzonspor 36.440

21

League history

Soviet Union

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Europe Top scorer (league) Manager/acting manager
1936 (s) 1st 3 6 3 1 2 12 7 13 - - Glazkov – 4 Kozlov
1936 (a) 1 7 4 2 1 19 10 17 QF - Glazkov – 7 Kozlov
1937 2 16 8 5 3 24 16 37 R16 - Rumyantsev – 8 Kvashnin
1938 1 25 18 3 4 74 19 39 W - Sokolov – 18 Kvashnin
P.Popov
1939 1 26 14 9 3 58 23 37 W - Semyonov – 18 P.Popov
1940 3 24 13 5 6 54 35 31 - - Semyonov – 13
Kornilov – 13
Gorokhov
1944 no league competition SF - - Kvashnin
1945 10 22 6 3 13 22 44 15 R16 - Timakov – 7 Isakov
Vollrat
1946 6 22 8 5 9 38 40 21 W - Salnikov – 9 Vollrat
1947 8 24 6 9 9 34 26 21 W - Dementyev – 9 Vollrat
1948 3 26 18 1 7 64 34 37 RU - Konov – 15 Kvashnin
1949 3 34 21 7 6 93 43 49 SF - Simonyan – 26 Dangulov
1950 5 36 17 10 9 77 40 44 W - Simonyan – 34 Dangulov
1951 6 28 13 5 10 50 35 31 QF - Simonyan – 10 Dangulov
Gorokhov
Glazkov
1952 1 13 9 2 2 26 12 20 RU - Paramonov – 8 Sokolov
1953 1 20 11 7 2 47 15 29 QF - Simonyan – 14 Sokolov
1954 2 24 14 3 7 49 26 31 R16 - Ilyin – 11 Sokolov
1955 2 22 15 3 4 55 27 33 SF - Parshin – 13 Gulyaev
1956 1 22 15 4 3 68 28 34 - - Simonyan – 16 Gulyaev
1957 3 22 11 6 5 43 28 28 RU - Simonyan – 12 Gulyaev
1958 1 22 13 6 3 55 28 32 W - Ilyin – 19 Gulyaev
1959 6 22 8 8 6 32 28 24 - - Isaev – 8 Gulyaev
1960 7 30 15 7 8 52 32 37 R16 - Ilyin – 13 Simonyan
1961 3 30 16 8 6 57 34 40 R16 - Khusainov – 14 Simonyan
1962 1 32 21 5 6 61 25 47 R16 - Sevidov – 16 Simonyan
1963 2 38 22 8 8 65 33 52 W - Sevidov – 15 Simonyan
1964 8 32 12 8 12 34 32 32 SF - Sevidov – 6 Simonyan
1965 8 32 10 12 10 28 26 32 W - Khusainov – 5
Reingold – 5
Simonyan
1966 4 36 15 12 9 45 41 42 QF - Osyanin – 15 Gulyaev
1967 7 36 13 14 9 38 30 40 R32 CWC R16 Khusainov – 8 Salnikov
Simonyan
1968 2 38 21 10 7 64 43 52 R32 - Khusainov – 14 Simonyan
1969 1 32 24 6 2 51 15 54 R32 - Osyanin – 16 Simonyan
1970 3 32 12 14 6 43 25 38 QF - Khusainov – 12 Simonyan
1971 6 30 9 13 8 35 31 31 W ECC R32 Kiselyov – 5
Silagadze – 5
Piskarev – 5
Simonyan
1972 11 30 8 10 12 29 30 26 RU UC R32 Papaev – 4
Andreev – 4
Piskarev – 4
Simonyan
1973 4 30 14 8 8 37 28 31 QF CWC QF Piskarev – 12 Gulyaev
1974 2 30 15 9 6 41 23 39 QF - Piskarev – 10 Gulyaev
1975 10 30 9 10 11 27 30 28 R16 UC R64 Lovchev – 8 Gulyaev
1976 (s) 14 15 4 2 9 10 18 10 - UC R16 Pilipko – 2
Lovchev – 2
Bulgakov – 2
Krutikov
1976 (a) 15 15 5 3 7 15 18 13 R32 - Bulgakov – 6 Krutikov
1977 2nd 1 38 22 10 6 83 42 54 R16 - Yartsev – 17 Beskov
1978 1st 5 30 14 5 11 42 33 33 R16 - Yartsev – 19 Beskov
1979 1 34 21 10 3 66 25 50 Qual. - Yartsev – 14 Beskov
1980 2 34 18 9 7 49 26 45 SF - Rodionov – 7 Beskov
1981 2 34 19 8 7 70 40 46 RU ECC QF Gavrilov – 21 Beskov
1982 3 34 16 9 9 59 35 41 Qual. UC R32 Shavlo – 11 Beskov
1983 2 34 18 9 7 60 25 45 R16 UC R16 Gavrilov – 18 Beskov
1984 2 34 18 9 7 53 29 45 QF UC QF Rodionov – 13 Beskov
1985 2 34 18 10 6 72 28 46 R16 UC R16 Rodionov – 14 Beskov
1986 3 30 14 9 7 52 21 37 SF UC R16 Rodionov – 17 Beskov
1987 1 30 16 11 3 49 26 42 R16 UC R16 Rodionov – 12
Cherenkov – 12
Beskov
1988 4 30 14 11 5 40 26 39 QF UC R32 Rodionov – 12 Beskov
1989 1 30 17 10 3 49 19 44 QF ECC R16 Rodionov – 16 Romantsev
1990 5 24 12 5 7 39 26 29 R16 UC R32 Shmarov – 12 Romantsev
1991 2 30 17 7 6 57 30 41 QF ECC SF Mostovoi – 13
Radchenko – 13
Romantsev
1992 - - W UC R32 - Romantsev

Russia

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Europe Top scorer (league) Manager/acting manager
1992 1st 1 26 18 7 1 62 19 43 - - Radchenko – 12 Romantsev
1993 1 34 21 11 2 81 18 53 R32 CWC SF Beschastnykh – 18 Romantsev
1994 1 30 21 8 1 73 21 50 W UCL GS Beschastnykh – 10 Romantsev
1995 3 30 19 7 5 76 26 63 SF UCL GS Shmarov – 16 Romantsev
1996 1 35 22 9 4 72 35 75 RU UCL QF Tikhonov – 16 Yartsev
1997 1 34 22 7 5 67 30 73 QF UC R32 Kechinov – 11 Romantsev
1998 1 30 17 8 5 58 27 59 W UCL
UC
Qual.
SF
Tsymbalar – 10 Romantsev
1999 1 30 22 6 2 75 24 72 R32 UCL GS Tikhonov – 19 Romantsev
2000 1 30 23 1 6 69 30 70 SF UCL
UC
GS
R32
Titov – 13 Romantsev
2001 1 30 17 9 4 56 30 60 QF UCL 2nd GS Titov – 11
Robson – 11
Romantsev
2002 3 30 16 7 7 49 36 55 R32 UCL GS Beschastnykh – 12 Romantsev
2003 10 30 10 6 14 38 48 36 W UCL GS Pavlyuchenko – 10 Romantsev
Chernyshov
Fedotov
2004 8 30 11 7 12 43 44 40 R32 UC
UIC
R16
QF
Pavlyuchenko – 10 Scala
Starkov
2005 2 30 16 8 6 47 26 56 R32 - Pavlyuchenko – 11 Starkov
2006 2 30 15 13 2 60 36 58 RU - Pavlyuchenko – 18 Starkov
Fedotov
2007 2 30 17 8 5 50 30 59 SF UCL
UC
GS
R32
Pavlyuchenko – 14 Fedotov
Cherchesov
2008 8 30 11 11 8 43 39 44 R32 UCL
UC
Qual.
R32
Bazhenov – 6
Pavlyuchenko – 6
Pavlenko – 6
Welliton – 6
Cherchesov
M. Laudrup
2009 2 30 17 4 9 61 33 55 QF - Welliton – 21 M. Laudrup
Karpin
2010 4 30 13 10 7 43 33 10 R16 UCL
UC
Qual.
GS
Welliton – 19 Karpin
2011–12 2 44 21 12 11 68 48 75 R16 UC Qual Emenike – 13 Karpin
2012–13 4 30 15 6 9 51 39 51 R16 UCL GS Y. Movsisyan – 13 Emery
Karpin
2013–14 6 30 15 5 10 46 36 50 R16 UC Qual Y. Movsisyan – 16 Karpin
Gunko
2014–15 6 30 12 8 10 42 42 43 R16 - Promes – 13 Murat Yakin
2015–16 R16 - Dmitri Alenichev

Most league goals for Spartak

As of 2 December 2011 (min. 50)

  1. Nikita Simonyan: 133
  2. Sergey Rodionov: 119
  3. Yegor Titov: 106
  4. Galimzyan Khusainov: 102
  5. Fyodor Cherenkov: 95
  6. Roman Pavlyuchenko: 89
  7. Yuri Gavrilov: 89
  8. Anatoli Ilyin: 83
  9. Yuri Sevidov: 71
  10. Andrey Tikhonov: 68
  11. Sergei Salnikov: 64
  12. Aleksei Paramonov: 63
  13. Welliton: 61
  14. Vladimir Beschastnykh: 56
  15. Anatoli Isayev: 54
  16. Valeri Shmarov: 54
  17. Georgi Yartsev: 54
  18. Nikolai Osyanin: 50

Nickname

The team is usually called "red-and-whites," but among the fans "The Meat" (Russian: "Мясо", "Myaso") is a very popular nickname. The origins of the nickname belong to the days of the foundation of the club; in the 1920s, the team was renamed several times, from "Moscow Sports Club" to "Red Presnya" (after the name of one of the districts of Moscow) to "Pishcheviki" ("Food industry workers") to "Promkooperatsiya" ("Industrial cooperation") and finally to "Spartak Moscow" in 1935, and for many years the team was under patronage of one of the Moscow food factories that dealt with meat products.

One of the most favourite slogans of both the fans and players is, "Who are we? We're The Meat!" (Russian: "Кто мы? Мясо!", "Kto my? Myaso!")

Rival teams

At present, Spartak's arch rival is CSKA Moscow, although this is a relatively-recent rivalry that has only emerged in the last 20 years. Seven of ten matches with the largest audience in Russian Premier League (including top three) were Spartak-CSKA derbies.[6] Historically, the most celebrated rivalry is with Dynamo Moscow, a fiercely-contested matchup which is Russia's oldest derby. However, this has faded somewhat due to Dynamo's mediocre performances in recent years. Matches against Lokomotiv Moscow and Zenit Saint Petersburg attract thousands of people as well, almost always resulting in packed stadia. Upon the collapse of the Soviet Union, Spartak's rivalry with Dynamo Kyiv, one of the leaders of the USSR championship, was lost. Since Dynamo Kyiv now plays in the Ukrainian Premier League, both teams must qualify for UEFA tournaments to meet each other.

Stadium

Spartak has never had its own stadium, with the team historically playing in various Moscow stadia throughout its history, even once playing an exhibition match in Red Square. Currently, the club's home ground is the five-star rated Luzhniki Stadium.

However, the club's new board has declared that "Spartak will soon play on their own stadium." The Russian government has agreed to give land for the stadium near the Tushino air field. After a set of delays, actual construction begun in December 2010, immediately after Russia obtained the right to host the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The stadium was opened on 28 August 2014.

Players

As of 31 August 2015

Current squad

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
1 GK Anton Mitryushkin
3 DF Sergei Bryzgalov
4 DF Sergei Parshivlyuk
5 MF Rômulo
7 DF Kirill Kombarov
8 MF Denis Glushakov
9 FW Denis Davydov
10 FW Yura Movsisyan
11 MF Aras Özbiliz
13 DF Vladimir Granat
15 MF Roman Shirokov
16 DF Salvatore Bocchetti
17 MF Aleksandr Zuyev
No. Position Player
20 FW Zé Luís
23 DF Dmitri Kombarov
24 MF Quincy Promes
27 MF Aleksandr Zotov
32 GK Artyom Rebrov (Captain)
34 DF Yevgeni Makeyev
35 DF Serdar Tasci
37 MF Georgi Melkadze
40 MF Artyom Timofeyev
49 MF Jano Ananidze
52 MF Igor Leontyev
71 MF Ivelin Popov

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
30 GK Sergei Pesyakov (at Anzhi until 31 May 2016)
- MF Tino Costa (at Genoa until 30 June 2016)
44 FW Pavel Yakovlev (at Krylia Sovetov until 31 May 2016)

Reserve squad

The following players are listed by Spartak's website as reserve players and are registered with the Premier League. They are eligible to play for the first team.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
29 MF Daniil Gorovykh
31 GK Ilya Sukhoruchenko
36 FW Dmitri Malikov
38 DF Konstantin Shcherbakov
43 FW Daniil Makeyev
56 GK Vadim Averkiyev
59 MF Nazar Gordeochuk
65 DF Oleg Krasilnichenko
66 MF Maksim Yermakov
74 DF Valentin Vinnichenko
75 FW Maximiliano Artemio Lyalushkin
76 DF Ivan Kostylyov
79 FW Aleksandr Rudenko
No. Position Player
81 GK Yuri Shcherbakov
83 MF Vladislav Panteleyev
84 MF Boris Tsygankov
89 MF Vladlen Babayev
91 MF Aleksandr Lomovitskiy
92 DF Nikolai Rasskazov
93 DF Artyom Sokol
94 DF Andrei Shigorev
95 MF Vladislav Razdelkin
96 DF Aleksandr Likhachyov
97 MF Daniil Polyboyarinov
98 GK Aleksandr Maksimenko

Beginning in 2013, Spartak's farm club, Spartak-2 Moscow, plays at the professional level in the third-tier Russian Professional Football League. Spartak's reserve squad previously played professionally as FC Spartak-d Moscow (Russian Second League in 1992–93, Russian Third Division in 1994–97) and as FC Spartak-2 Moscow (Russian Second Division in 1998–00).

Spartak-2

The following players are listed by Spartak's website as Spartak-2 players and are registered with the Premier League. They are eligible to play for the first team.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
18 DF Ilya Kutepov
22 MF Dmitri Kudryashov
26 DF Anton Khodyrev
33 MF Vladimir Zubarev
39 MF Ippey Sinodzuka
41 FW Vladimir Obukhov
45 DF Aleksandr Putsko
46 DF Artyom Mamin
47 GK Mikhail Filippov
51 MF Dmitri Kayumov
53 MF Artyom Samsonov
No. Position Player
55 DF Nikolai Fadeyev
60 MF Konstantin Savichev
62 DF Aydar Lisinkov
63 MF Shamsiddin Shanbiev
64 DF Denis Kutin
67 FW Artyom Fedchuk
70 FW Aleksandr Kozlov
73 MF Ayaz Guliyev
78 MF Zelimkhan Bakayev
80 DF Ivan Khomukha
85 GK Vladislav Tereshkin

Personnel

Spartak-2 Personnel

Managers

Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors

Period Kit Manufacturer Shirt Sponsor
1979–87 Adidas
1988 Danieli
1989 JINDO
1990–93 Unipack
1994–96 Urengoygazprom
1997–98 Akai
1999
2000–02 Lukoil
2003–04 Umbro
2005– Nike

Crest

Affiliated clubs

Notable players

Had international caps for their respective countries, or held any club record. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Spartak. For further list, see List of FC Spartak Moscow players.

References

  1. ^ History of Spartak, fcspartak.ru (Russian)
  2. ^ "History of Spartak 1936" (in Русский). Retrieved 28 November 2007. 
  3. ^ Robert Edelman, Spartak Moscow: A History of the People's Team in the Worker's State. Cornell University Press, 2009.
  4. ^ Зайкин, В. (20 July 1989). Трагедия в Лужниках. Факты и вымысел.  
  5. ^ All-star Spartak rise again, Eduard Nisenboim, uefa.com
  6. ^ Samye poseschaemye matchi v istorii chempionatov Rossii(Russian)

Further reading

  • Edelman, Robert (2009). Spartak Moscow: A History of the People's Team in the Workers' State.  
  • Riordan, Jim (2008). Comrade Jim: The Spy Who Played for Spartak.

External links

  • Official website (Russian)
  • Official website
  • Official Facebook Page
  • Official Twitter Page
  • Spartak stadium website
  • Spartak-Video (Russian)
  • FC Spartak Moscow – news (Russian)
  • Multilanguage site of fans of Spartak Moscow team
  • Official fan page (Russian)
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