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Fairfax, Oklahoma

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Fairfax, Oklahoma

Fairfax, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Fairfax, Oklahoma
Location of Fairfax, Oklahoma
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Osage
Area
 • Total 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Land 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 853 ft (260 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,380
 • Density 1,947.2/sq mi (751.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74637
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-24850[1]
GNIS feature ID 1092690[2]

Fairfax is a town in Osage County, Oklahoma, United States, within the Osage Indian Reservation. The population was 1,380 at the 2010 census, down 11.3 percent from 1,555 at the 2000 census.[3] It is notable as the home of world famous ballerina Maria and Marjorie Tallchief.[4]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
  • Economy 4
  • Notable people 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Originally known as the village of Gray Horse, which was the center of one of the tribe's three major historic Osage bands, the present day town of Fairfax began in 1903, when the Santa Fe Railway built a line through the Osage Reservation from Kaw City to Ralston, Oklahoma. A Gray Horse merchant, Lew A. Wismeyer, persuaded railroad officials to build a depot near the village and leased 40 acres (16 ha) acres for a townsite. Wismeyer rejected the name Coda proposed by the railroad and convinced them to call the depot Fairfax. The Osage tribe retained title to the townsite until March 3, 1905, when Congress provided for the land to be sold at public auction, with the proceeds credited to the tribe. Fairfax had 470 residents at the time of statehood in 1907.[4]

Geography

Fairfax is located at (36.571386, -96.706259).[5] It is 28 miles (45 km) southwest of Pawhuska and32 miles (51 km) southeast of Ponca City.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.

Climate

Climate data for Fairfax, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 46.6
(8.1)
52.4
(11.3)
62.9
(17.2)
73.8
(23.2)
80.8
(27.1)
88.4
(31.3)
94.4
(34.7)
93.6
(34.2)
85.2
(29.6)
75.3
(24.1)
61.2
(16.2)
49.6
(9.8)
72.02
(22.23)
Average low °F (°C) 22.6
(−5.2)
27.5
(−2.5)
37.1
(2.8)
47.9
(8.8)
56.7
(13.7)
65.3
(18.5)
69.3
(20.7)
67.5
(19.7)
60.2
(15.7)
47.8
(8.8)
36.9
(2.7)
26.2
(−3.2)
47.08
(8.38)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.2
(30)
1.6
(41)
3.1
(79)
3.2
(81)
4.8
(122)
4.2
(107)
2.9
(74)
3.3
(84)
4.7
(119)
2.9
(74)
2.5
(64)
1.6
(41)
35.8
(909)
Source #1: weather.com
Source #2: Weatherbase.com [6]

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,555 people, 657 households, and 417 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,947.2 people per square mile (750.5/km²). There were 831 housing units at an average density of 1,040.6 per square mile (401.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 67.65% White, 1.35% African American, 24.12% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.45% from other races, and 6.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.48% of the population.

There were 657 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $21,652, and the median income for a family was $25,385. Males had a median income of $26,518 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,765. About 23.9% of families and 28.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.8% of those under age 18 and 21.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The town economy has relied on agriculture and oil production. The population of Fairfax reached a high of 2,327 at the 1940 census, but began to decline as the production of oil dropped in the area. It fell to 1,869 by 1970, briefly rose to 1,949 in 1980, dropped again to 1,555 in 2000 and yet again to 1,380 in 2010 .[4]

Notable people

^ Coker was the head coach of the Fairfax Red Devils and won 2 Oklahoma State championships for the town. Arthur Crosby was also the Oklahoma State football player of the year under Coker. Larry Coker was the start of a rich football tradition with the town winning 4 total state championships and several semi and quarter final appearances, as well as several state championship appearances, along with several district championships. The football team became the Woodland Cougars in 1990 and since have won a state title and came close several other times (1995, 2002, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011) with quarterfinals, semifinals, state championship appearance and a state title in 2010.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ MuniNet Guide: Fairfax, Oklahoma
  4. ^ a b c d e f .Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and CultureCarol E. Irons, "Fairfax," Accessed October 3, 2011.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ "Historical Weather for Fairfax, Oklahoma, United States". 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links

  • - FairfaxEncyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture
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