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Ferdinand, 1st Duke of Genoa

 

Ferdinand, 1st Duke of Genoa

Prince Ferdinand of Savoy
Duke of Genoa

Duke of Genoa
Predecessor None
Successor Prince Thomas
Spouse Princess Elisabeth of Saxony
Issue
Margherita, Queen of Italy
Prince Thomas, Duke of Genoa
Full name
Ferdinando Maria Alberto Amedeo Filiberto Vincenzo di Savoia
Father Charles Albert of Sardinia
Mother Maria Theresa of Tuscany
Born (1822-11-15)15 November 1822
Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Died 10 February 1855(1855-02-10) (aged 32)
Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia



Ferdinand of Savoy (Ferdinando Maria Alberto Amedeo Filiberto Vincenzo; 15 November 1822 – 10 February 1855) was the founder of the Genoa branch of the House of Savoy.

Biography

Ferdinand was born in Florence the second son of Charles Albert, Prince of Carignan and Maria Teresa of Tuscany. His father was the head of the House of Savoy-Carignan a cadet branch of the House of Savoy. The senior line of the house became extinct in 1831 and his father succeeded as King of Sardinia. With the ascension of his father he was created Duke of Genoa.

During the wars taking place on the Italian peninsula in 1848 and 1849, Ferdinand commanded an army division. After peace was restored in Italy he was appointed general commandment of the artillery and set about making improvements.[1]

As a result of the Sicilian revolution of independence he was a candidate for the throne. He was the most acceptable candidate to Britain and the British Minister in Turin informed him they would recognise him as king as soon as he took possession of the throne. On 11 July 1848 the national assembly of Sicily unanimously voted to offer him the throne. When the Sicilian deputation arrived to offer him the throne, he was absent from Royal headquarters as he was commanding a division in the army. After Sardinia's defeat to the forces of the Austrian Empire commanded by Joseph Radetzky von Radetz he felt compelled to decline the opportunity to become King of Sicily.[2]

During the Crimean war he was to be appointed to command the Kingdom of Sardinia's auxiliary corps but his declining health meant he could not take up the posting.[1]

His health did not recover and he died in Turin at the age thirty two. He is buried in the Royal Cript of the Basilica of Superga. His one year old son Thomas succeeded to the title Duke of Genoa.

Marriage and children

Ferdinand married Princess Elisabeth of Saxony, daughter of King John of Saxony and Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, on 22 April 1850 in Dresden. They had two children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Margherita of Savoy Palazzo Chiablese, 1851 1926 married Umberto I of Italy; had issue
Thomas, 2nd Duke of Genoa 1854 1931 married Princess Isabella of Bavaria; had issue

Ancestry

References

New title Duke of Genoa
1831-1855
Succeeded by
Thomas, Duke of Genoa
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