Figure skating at the Summer Olympics

Figure skating at the Olympic Games
Governing body ISU
Events 5 (men: 1; women: 1; mixed: 3)
Games
1908 1920 (at the Summer Olympics)

1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1994 1998
2002 2006 2010 2014
Medalists

Figure skating was first contested in the Olympic Games at the 1908 Summer Olympics. In 1908 and 1920, the figure skating competitions were held in conjunction with the Games of the Olympiad. Since 1924, figure skating has been a part of the Winter Olympic Games On April 6, 2011, the International Olympic Committee formally included the event of Mixed team.[1]

The number of entries for the figure skating events at the Olympic Games is limited by a quota set by the International Olympic Committee. There are 30 participants in each singles events (ladies and men), 24 couples in ice dance and 20 in pairs.

Skaters qualify for the Olympic Games by belonging to a Member nation of the International Skating Union. 80% of the alloted places (24 men/ladies, 19 dance couples, 16 pairs) are determined by the results of the previous year's World Figure Skating Championships. The most entries a country can have in a single discipline is three. Countries earn two or three entries by earning points through their skater placement. The points are equal to the sum of the placements of the country's skaters (top two if they have three). If a country only has one skater/team, that skater/team must place in the top ten to earn two entries and in the top two to earn three entries. If a country has two skaters/teams, the combined placement of those teams must be 13 or less to qualify 3 entries, and 28 or less to qualify two entries. The remaining places are awarded to one skater/team each from countries that failed to get multiple places, in order of their skaters' placement in the world championships.

Countries that have yet to qualify skater(s) in particular events at the world championships get a second chance in an international competition held in the fall prior to the Olympic Games. From that competition qualify 6 men and women, 5 dance couples and 4 pairs.

The host country of the Olympic Games is entitled to one entry in each event, if it failed to qualify otherwise. In that case, there's one fewer place available in the fall qualifying competition.

Which skaters from each country attend the Olympic Games is at the national governing body's discretion. Some countries rely on the results of their national championships while others have more varied criteria based on international success at competitions such as the European Figure Skating Championships and the Four Continents Figure Skating Championships. Selections vary by country.

Skaters must be older than fifteen as of July 1 the previous year and be a citizen of the country they represent to be eligible for the Olympic Games. Nationality rules are less strict for the ISU Championships and therefore sometimes skaters who have competed at World or European championships are not eligible for the Olympics.

Events

Event 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 Years
Men's singles 24
Men's special figures 1
Ladies' singles 24
Pairs '

24

Ice dancing 11
Mixed team 1
Total events 4 0 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5

Medal table

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 14 16 16 44
2  Russia (RUS) 12 8 2 22
3  Soviet Union (URS) 10 9 5 24
4  Austria (AUT) 7 9 4 20
5  Great Britain (GBR) 5 3 7 15
6  Sweden (SWE) 5 3 2 10
7  Canada (CAN) 4 7 11 22
8  East Germany (GDR) 3 3 4 10
9  France (FRA) 3 2 7 12
10  Norway (NOR) 3 2 1 6
11  Unified Team (EUN) 3 1 1 5
12  Germany (GER) 2 2 2 6
13  China (CHN) 1 2 4 7
14  Japan (JPN) 1 2 1 4
15  Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 1 2 0 3
 Netherlands (NED) 1 2 0 3
17  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 3 5
18  Finland (FIN) 1 1 0 2
19  West Germany (FRG) 1 0 2 3
20  Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
 Ukraine (UKR) 1 0 1 2
22  South Korea (KOR) 1 0 0 1
23  Hungary (HUN) 0 2 4 6
24  Switzerland (SUI) 0 2 1 3
25  Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
Total 81 79 80 240

Participating nations

Nation 08 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 Years
Argentina 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Armenia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 3 2 - 3
Australia - - - - - - - 3 2 6 - - - 2 2 2 4 3 2 4 2 1 1 13
Austria - - 4 9 2 12 10 4 8 6 10 8 3 6 3 - 2 1 - 1 - 1 2 18
Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 3 2 - 3
Belgium - 2 3 2 1 4 3 - - - - - - - - 1 1 - - - 1 1 2 11
Belarus - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 2 2 1 - 4
Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 1 1 4 3 5 - 7
Canada - - 2 5 6 6 4 6 7 8 12 10 7 11 6 15 17 13 13 10 12 13 12 21
China - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 6 6 4 4 4 11 9 9 9
Chinese Taipei - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 - 1 - - - 3
Croatia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - 1 1 1 - 4
Czechoslovakia - - 1 3 1 3 7 - 4 2 8 8 1 6 2 3 6 6 - - - - - 15
Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 5 4 1 4 5
Denmark - - - - - - 1 1 - - - - - - - - 1 2 1 1 - - - 6
Estonia - - - - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 1 1 3 5 7
Finland - 3 2 3 1 1 - 2 1 - - - - 1 2 - - 3 3 1 1 2 3 15
France - 2 5 3 2 - 3 2 3 4 5 5 5 1 1 5 6 12 9 14 8 8 8 21
Georgia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 2 3 3
Germany 3 - - 8 1 6 - - - - - - - - - - - 6 10 6 4 5 8 10
Unified Team of Germany - - - - - - - 8 4 11 12 - - - - - - - - - - - - 4
East Germany - - - - - - - - - - - 8 7 10 7 8 5 - - - - - - 6
West Germany - - - - - - - - - - - 11 5 4 7 9 8 - - - - - - 6
Great Britain 11 6 6 6 4 12 9 8 8 4 5 7 5 12 9 10 9 7 6 1 2 2 7 23
Hungary - - - - 4 7 6 6 2 - 2 2 1 3 2 2 3 5 3 2 2 5 3 18
Israel - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 3 4 4 2 5
Italy - - - - - 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 7 2 3 4 7 - 6 9 7 9 17
Japan - - - - 2 5 - - - 3 4 5 4 3 3 4 5 6 4 7 4 6 8 16
Kazakhstan - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 5 - - 2 3
South Korea - - - - - - - - - - - 3 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 4 - 2 11
North Korea - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 6 - - - 4 1 4
Latvia - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 - - - - 3
Lithuania - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 2 2 2 - 5
Luxembourg - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - 2
Mexico - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 - - - - - 2
Netherlands - - - - - - - 1 2 2 1 - 1 1 - - - - - - - - - 6
Norway - 6 1 3 1 4 3 4 - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 8
Poland - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 3 - 1 3 2 3 5 4 4 4 11
Romania - - - - - 3 - - - - - 1 1 - - - - 1 2 1 2 2 1 9
South Africa - - - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - 1 1 - - - 3
Russia 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 17 16 16 16 6
Serbia and Montenegro - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1
Slovakia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 3 - 1 3
Slovenia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - 1 1 1 2 5
Spain - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - - 1 - 1 - 1 1 - - 2 6
Sweden 4 4 1 1 2 1 - 2 1 - 1 1 1 - 1 2 2 1 - 1 - 1 1 18
Switzerland - 1 1 2 - 3 7 5 4 3 8 1 1 3 2 2 2 - 1 1 4 3 4 20
Turkey - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 2
Soviet Union - - - - - - - - - 4 4 10 10 16 16 17 17 - - - - - - 8
Ukraine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 10 11 11 7 5
Unified Team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 17 - - - - - 1
United States 1 2 3 6 12 9 9 10 10 12 12 12 11 15 14 18 16 16 12 13 14 16 15 23
Uzbekistan - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 2 4 3 1 5
Yugoslavia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 2 1 - - - - - - 3
Skaters 21 26 29 51 39 84 64 63 59 71 88 96 67 105 83 112 128 133 129 145 143 147 146
Nations 6 8 11 12 13 17 12 15 15 14 15 17 18 18 20 20 26 28 28 37 31 35 31
Year 08 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 23

Medals per year

# Number of medals won by the NOC at these Games NOC did not win medals at these Games NOC did not participate at these Games (in 1912, there was no figure skating)
NOC 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 Total
 Austria (AUT) 3 4 2 3 2 1 2 1 1 1 20
 Belgium (BEL) 1 1 2
 Canada (CAN) 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 2 22
 China (CHN) 1 1 1 2 2 7
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 1 1 1 5
 East Germany (GDR) 1 1 3 3 1 1 10
 Finland (FIN) 1 1 2
 France (FRA) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 12
 Germany (GER) 2 2 1 1 1 7
 Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 1 2 3
 Great Britain (GBR) 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15
 Hungary (HUN) 1 1 1 1 1 1 6
 Italy (ITA) 1 1
 Japan (JPN) 1 1 2 4
 Netherlands (NED) 1 1 1 3
 Norway (NOR) 3 1 1 1 6
 Russia (RUS) 1 5 5 5 4 2 22
 South Korea (KOR) 1 1
 Soviet Union (URS) 1 2 3 4 4 5 5 24
 Sweden (SWE) 3 3 1 1 1 1 10
 Switzerland (SUI) 1 1 1 3
 Ukraine (UKR) 1 1 2
 Unified Team (EUN) 5 5
 United States (USA) 1 1 1 2 1 4 5 4 1 2 1 2 2 3 3 3 1 2 3 2 2 46
 West Germany (FRG) 1 1 2
Year 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10


See also

  • List of Olympic venues in figure skating

References

  • KiB)
  • KiB)
  • KiB)
  • KiB)

External links

  • International Skating Union
  • Template:Isu competition
  • Template:Isu competition

Template:OlympicSports

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.