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Florida's 5th congressional district

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Florida's 5th congressional district

Florida's 5th congressional district
Florida's fifth congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Florida's fifth congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Corrine Brown (DJacksonville)
Cook PVI D+16

Florida's 5th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Florida. It stretches from Jacksonville to Orlando. It is one of the most-gerrymandered congressional districts in the country.[1]

From 2002 to 2013 the district comprised all of Citrus, Hernando, and Sumter counties and most of Lake, Levy, and Pasco counties and portions of Marion and Polk counties. The district included northern exurbs of Tampa and western exurbs of Orlando within the high-growth Interstate 4 Corridor.

The district is currently represented by Democrat Corrine Brown.

Historical district boundaries

Prior district number 5

Florida's 3rd Congressional District was renumbered to 5th Congressional District but was little changed in the redistricting process in 2012, still winding from Orlando in the south to central Jacksonville in the north.[2]

From 1973 to 1993 the erstwhile 3rd district was based in Orange County, including Walt Disney World and most of Orlando. The peculiar shape of the 3rd (now 5th) Congressional District dates from reapportionment done by the Florida Legislature after the 1990 U.S. Census. The 1993–2012 3rd Congressional District was geographically distinctive. Starting from the southern part of the district, it included the Pine Hills area of the Orlando-Kissimmee Metropolitan Area with small pockets of African-American neighborhoods in the cities of Sanford, Gainesville, Palatka, and finally the larger African American communities of Jacksonville.[3] Connecting these areas were regions which are sparsely populated—either expansive rural areas or narrow strips which are only a few miles wide.[4][5] Barack Obama received 73% of the vote in this district in the 2008 Presidential election.

Court-ordered changes

On July 11, 2014, Florida Circuit Court Judge Terry Lewis ruled that this district, along with the neighboring District 10, had been drawn to favor Republicans.[3][6] On August 1, Judge Lewis gave Florida's state legislature an Aug. 15 deadline to submit new congressional maps for those two districts.[7]

5th District Representative Corrine Brown issued a statement blasting Lewis's decision on the district map as "seriously flawed,"[5] and Congressional Black Caucus Chairwoman Marcia Fudge sent a sharply worded letter to Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman Steve Israel complaining about the party’s support for the lawsuit challenging Florida's district maps.[8]

Brown said that "we will go all the way to the United States Supreme Court, dealing with making sure that African Americans are not disenfranchised."[9] Florida House Redistricting Chairman Richard Corcoran, a Republican, said that "consideration of political data is legally required" to ensure that district boundaries would not be so shifted as to not allow African-Americans a chance to elect representatives of their choice.[10]

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 42 - 34%
1996 President Clinton 50 - 37%
2000 President Gore 50 - 46%
2004 President Bush 58 - 41%
2008 President McCain 56 - 43%

Voter registration

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 3, 2012
Party Voters Percentage
  Republican 260,112 42.12%
  Democratic 217,300 35.19%
  No Party Affiliation 113,380 18.36%

List of representatives

Representative Party Years District home Notes
District created January 3, 1937
Joe Hendricks Democratic January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1949
Albert S. Herlong, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1967 Redistricted to the 4th district
Edward Gurney Republican January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1969 Redistricted from the 11th district
Louis Frey, Jr. Republican January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1973 Redistricted to the 9th district
Bill Gunter Democratic January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975
Richard Kelly Republican January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1981
Bill McCollum Republican January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1993 Redistricted to the 8th district
Karen Thurman Democratic January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2003
Ginny Brown-Waite Republican January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2011
Rich Nugent Republican January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2013 Redistricted to the 11th district
Corrine Brown Democratic January 3, 2013 – present Redistricted from the 3rd district

Election Results

2002

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite 121,998 47.90
Democratic Karen L. Thurman* 117,758 46.24
Independent Jack Gargan 8,639 3.39
Independent Brian P. Moore 6,223 2.44
No party Others 53 0.02%
Total votes 254,671 100.00
Voter turnout %
Republican gain from Democratic

2004

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite* 240,315 65.93
Democratic Robert G. Whittel 124,140 34.06
No party Others 33 0.01%
Total votes 364,488 100.00
Voter turnout %
Republican hold

2006

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite* 162,421 59.85
Democratic John T. Russell 108,959 40.15
Total votes 271,380 100.00
Voter turnout %
Republican hold

2008

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite* 265,186 61.15
Democratic John T. Russell 168,446 38.85
Total votes 433,632 100.00
Voter turnout %
Republican hold

2010

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Rich Nugent 208,815 67.43
Democratic Jim Piccillo 100,858 32.57
Total votes 309,673 '
Voter turnout 100.0%
Republican hold

2012

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Corrine Brown 190,472 70.80
Republican LeAnne Kolb 70,700 26.30
No Party Affiliation Eileen Fleming 7,978 3.00
Total votes 269,153 '
Voter turnout 100.0%
Democratic gain from Republican

2014

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2014)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Corrine Brown 112,340 65.47
Republican Glo Smith 59.237 34.53
Total votes 171,577 '
Voter turnout 100.0%
Democratic hold

Living former Representatives

As of May 2015, there are four former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 5th congressional district who are currently living at this time.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Louis Frey, Jr. 1969–1973 (1934-01-11) January 11, 1934
Karen Thurman 1993–2003 (1951-01-12) January 12, 1951
Ginny Brown-Waite 2003–2011 (1943-10-05) October 5, 1943
Rich Nugent 2011–2013 (1951-05-26) May 26, 1951

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^ http://thehill.com/blogs/ballot-box/house-races/211930-judge-strikes-down-florida-congressional-lines
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

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